A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
On 22 September 2017 at 20.30, Indonesian Authorities (PVMBG) increased the status of Mount Agung in Bali from Level Three (High Alert: Orange/Ready to erupt) to Level Four (Red alert/Danger), the highest level for a volcano and the third consecutive rise this week.
The volcano of 3,031-metres is located in the district of Karangasem, in the province of Bali, roughly 72 kilometres to the north-east of the popular tourist destination of Kuta.
According to the Department of Meteorology, Climate and Geophysics, there has been an increase in seismic activity at the mountain, indicating a greater probability of an eruption.
Residents or tourists have been evacuated from within 9km of the crater and within 12km to the north, northeast, south-east and south/south-west of the mountain.
As of 20:00 on 25 September, the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) evacuated more than 63,000 people from their homes, however the number keeps steadily rising. The evacuees are dispersed across 9 districts in more than 300 locations, with the majority of evacuees in Karangasem, Klungkung and Buleleng. More than 21,000 are in Karangasem, the 523 square kilometres district surrounding the volcano. The evacuees are staying in temporary shelters, sports centres, village halls as well as with relatives and host families.
Summary of the current response
Overview of Host National Society
On 18 September 2017 at 22:30, the Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) Denpasar branch deployed to support the Karangasem Branch, when the status was raised to orange (high alert) by authorities. PMI Bali has been active since 19 September 2017, having mobilised 20 volunteers, in coordination with PMI Karangasem. There was a limited number of volunteers available in Karangasem therefore volunteers were mobilised from neighbouring branches. On 19 and 20 September, PMI Bali’s main activities were:
• In-house preparations and stock take
• Assisting the local disaster management authority (BPBD) to construct emergency shelter for evacuates in three locations
• Coordination with other stakeholders and NGOs
• Internal coordination with PMI branches around the affected locations and with PMI national headquarters.
On 20 September, PMI mobilized 20 volunteers who were involved in evacuating affected communities and raising awareness about the risks posed by the potential eruption of Mount Agung. By 22 September, PMI increased the number of volunteers to around 30 people. PMI have set up an Emergency Operations Centre (EOC) at a local government building, now designated as the joint crisis centre, along with the National and Provincial Disaster Management Offices (BNPB and BPBD) and Regency Search and Research, Indonesia Arm Forces (TNI), Police, Department of Social Welfare and Department of Health. That evening, the alert was raised again from Orange to Red, the highest possible level.
Overview of Red Cross Red Crescent Movement in country
PMI works with the IFRC and ICRC as well as American, Australian, Canadian and Japanese Red Cross Societies in-country. All these partners are coordinating with PMI on how and where they can provide support.
The IFRC Country Cluster Support Team (CCST) in Jakarta is providing technical and coordination support to PMI and is also facilitating financial support to PMI. The CCST will consider further technical support around Health, WASH and Community Engagement and Accountability and more broadly into shelter and cash, depending on needs and as the situation develops.
Overview of non-RCRC actors in country
PMI and the IFRC are coordinating with BNPB and the Ministry of Social Affairs (MOSA) to obtain more information on the evacuation of affected communities and the emerging needs. PMI Bali is based in the Joint Crisis Centre, which is a joint Emergency Operations Centre, housed in local government building. PMI is involved in coordination meetings, which are held daily at the Joint Crisis Centre. There is an interagency evaluation meeting every night and in the interagency briefing every morning. PMI is also represented in the national Logistic Cluster and Health Cluster. National and international non – government organisations and faith based groups, including Mercy Corps, CRS, Save the Children, World Vision, CARE and the Humanitarian Forum of Indonesia are planning to undertake joint assessments in the coming days.