Indonesia: Volcanic Eruption Emergency Plan of Action (EPoA) DREF n° MDRID012 Update #2 (24 November 2017)

Situation Report
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Summary of revisions made to emergency plan of action:

This operation update outlines the revised operation plan and provides an overview of the situation that has evolved since the alert was downgraded from Level Four to Level Three.
Changes to the emergency plan of action:

• The target number of people assisted increased from 7,750 to 11,000 people. The budget for this operation is increased from CHF 169,320 to CHF 210,417. The operation is expected to complete by 26 January 2018.

• Emergency latrines have been replaced by transitional latrines, which are designed to last longer than emergency latrines. This is part of PMI’s approach to develop ‘model’ camps, for replication by the local authorities. This approach also includes waste water drainage in camps as part of a comprehensive approach to WASH.

• The cash transfer programme (CTP) component has been removed. Instead, PMI has been distributing hygiene kits and baby kits based on need. The budget has been revised to replenish these items.

• Requirement for jerry cans has been removed as families have brought their own buckets and jerry cans to the evacuation sites.

• Health activities have been revised to include mobile clinic, ambulances for referrals and medical equipment and supplies.

• Deployment of 10 tents, which are being used as field warehouses, beneficiary registration, provision of health services, hygiene and psychosocial support sessions.

• Deployment of a RDRT has been included in the plan and budget.

A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

On 22 September 2017 at 20.30, Indonesian Authorities (PVMBG) increased the status of Mount Agung in Bali from Level Three (High Alert: Orange/Ready to Erupt) to Level Four (Red Alert/Danger), the highest level for a volcano. This triggered a mass evacuation of villages living in close proximity of the volcano. By the 29 September, the number of evacuees was over 143,167 in 471 camps. On 29 October 2017, the status was downgraded from Level Four to Level Three. By this date the number of evacuees reduced down to 133,349 people in 383 camps. Following the downgraded alert level, the number of evacuees has decreased, but still remains high at 116,799 people across spread in 351 camps across all nine districts.

With the lowering of the alert level, the exclusion zone has correspondingly decreased from 12 kilometres to 7.5 kilometres and 9 kilometres to 6 kilometres in some areas. This means that around 50,000 (15 villages) residents still cannot return to their homes. PMI plan to continue to provide support to evacuation camps, through the provision of non-food items, health services, WASH and protection and PSS till the end of November. At this time, PMI will reassess the situation, and if possible, begin exit procedures from the operation.

Since the 18 September and to date, the local authorities estimate the cost of Mount Agung and the consequences of the raised alert, in terms of evacuation costs and lost tourist revenue, to be IDR 2 trillion (approximately USD 147 million).