Indonesia: OCHA Nias Weekly Situation Report No. 04/05

Reporting period: 20 - 26 June 2005
1. General overview

Election campaign for south Nias Bupati (Head of South Nias District) has already started and OCHA advised all humanitarian organizations operating in that sub-district to be very careful and conduct socialization campaign before delivering humanitarian aid in order to ensure that beneficiaries are fully aware on the origin of that assistance and avoid misuse of that aid for individual interest. (Action: All humanitarian organization operating in South Nias)

On Monday, 20th June 2005, UNICEF delegation conducted by Mr. Toshi Niwa, Deputy Executive Director visited Nias Island and OCHA Nias has shortly briefed the delegation on the current humanitarian situation on Nias Island and the important role of UNICEF in long term activities.

UNICEF Deputy Executive Director was impressed by the good collaboration on the field between UN Agencies, NGOs, BRR and Districts authorities. Mr. Toshi Niwa and his delegation visited different UNICEF projects in Nias including schools supported by UNICEF. In his short speech addressed to schoolchildren, he said "Education is basic for every thing and children represent the future"

In April 2005, Nias District Government has created five new sub-districts in order to facilitate its community public service especially in remote and inaccessible villages. Nias District Secretary invited OCHA Nias together with BRR to attend the official instalment of new Head of sub-district on 23rd June 2005. The new sub district is now called North Mandrehe previously part of Mandrehe sub district. The new sub-district of North Mandrehe is located at around 60 kms from Gunung Sitoli; its capital is Lahagu with a total population of about 10,493 persons

2. Security

Due to recent landslide incident happened in Gido, sub-district of Nias on Saturday, 18th June 2005 at around 4h00 a.m., on Tuesday, 21st June 2005, OCHA Nias conducted a rapid field visit in Gido sub-district, in Loloana'a village to identify additional humanitarian needs and ensure an appropriate/ immediate action of humanitarian organizations to support affected populations. Only one family was badly affected, four people died including the head of family and three family members were injured and evacuated to Gunung Sitoli Hospital with transport support from IOM, and one house was totally damaged. According to chief of village and survivors; seven families with their houses in danger left that location and were accommodated by neighboring families. As immediate humanitarian coordinated response, IOM provided medical evacuation transport of injured persons and distributed food items to vulnerable families, UNICEF provided 20 hygienic kits, 20 tarpaulins, 20 mosquito nets and UNHCR distributed 10 family tents.

In the evening of 26th June 2005, one international staff working for Help Germany in Nias was beaten by its staff members for unclear reasons. BRR and Police intervened on time and there was no problem or damage reported, Help is still looking for an internal solution to that incident.

Afulu road is inaccessible for vehicles only motorbikes can pass in very difficult and dangerous conditions. Parts of the road are covered by debris from landslide flooded streams.

3. SRSA's departure from Nias at the end of June 2005

In its last meeting, UNCT in Banda Aceh approved the continuance of IHP camps managed by SRSA on cost sharing basis. In Nias, the following agencies agreed to equally share the costs for the continuation of the UN camp through September: OCHA, IOM, UNHCR, WFP, UNICEF, FAO, UNDP, WHO. In the coming days, UNCT will be determine who will manage the cost recovery mechanism. Cost share will be an organisational cost share, not an individual cost recovery and should an organisations choose to recover costs from their own staff members, this will be done internally.

4. IOM Workshop on medical evacuation

On Saturday, 25th June 2005 in Medan, IOM completed its two-day workshop on medical evacuation and referral procedures in close collaboration with WHO and local authorities including Health Department. This medical evacuation workshop is related to evacuation and referral procedures of local populations/ patients from Nias Island to different hospitals in Medan in emergency situation (Not for UN/ NGOs staff evacuation). Following the experience/ lessons learnt after Tsunami/earthquake, there was no framework to transfer patient/injured people from different locations of the island to Medan or elsewhere. IOM has recently transferred more than 500 patients from Medan hospitals to Nias. The objective of that workshop facilitated by IOM was to set up a mechanism of medical evacuation for the benefit of injured people in emergency (Who should be contacted first in such situation, who will pay for medical fees, who will provide transport, who will coordinate that activity and how to sensitize local populations on medical evacuation procedures)

5. Administration/ Finances/ Logistic

On going process in OCHA Medan and Banda Aceh for purchasing two motorbikes and helmets for OCHA Nias Office. During the mission of OCHA Nias OIC in Medan together with the Head of OCHA Medan, they jointly conducted interview of two candidates for Admin/ Finance clerk position in Nias. A suitable candidate has been selected and OCHA Jakarta is currently working on her three month-contract starting on the 01st July 2005. With the departure of SRSA, OCHA will need to hire urgently two cooks before the end of June and additional working cash to run the camp in the first days of July 2005 while waiting decision from UNCT on cost recovery mechanisms (Action: OCHA Banda Aceh/ Jakarta).

6. OCHA's coordination/ facilitation efforts

Our weekly general humanitarian coordination meeting in Gunung Sitoli took place on Wednesday, 22nd June 2005 and was attended by national NGOs, International NGOs, international organisations (IFRC & IOM), Red Cross movements, BRR and UN Agencies operating in Nias. The minutes of that meeting will be shared before the next meeting scheduled on Wednesday, 29th June 2005 at 18h00 and posted on Nias website after receiving different comments from participants.

The next bi-weekly humanitarian coordination meeting will take place in Teluk Dalam on Friday, 1st July 2005 at 14h00 followed by working group meeting with Red Cross movements. Only education, reconstruction and health groups are more functional than others. OCHA will meet different leading agencies to discuss on the improvement and advantage of working in group.

OCHA and BRR are in discussions of how creating links between some groups like health/ nutrition and water sanitation, reconstruction and education in rehabilitation of school buildings.

7. Inter -- Agency/ multi-sectoral joint assessment mission

This Inter-Agency Joint Assessment Mission will take place if UNHAS provides helicopter-support. OCHA special flight request for joint assessment mission is not yet approved. PERTAMIA (state oil board) have withdrawn their fuel depot from Sibolga and so there is no fuel available for the helicopter to refuel. OCHA will discuss with UNHAS for any other possible solution in order to carry out that joint assessment mission on the island as soon as possible.

8. Early warning efforts and prevention measures for risk reduction

Representatives of five countries hit by the tsunami disaster a few months ago (Indonesia, Myanmar, the Maldives, Thailand and Sri Lanka) recommended that the five countries establish a joint office that would function as an information, data and training center for tsunami prevention and handling. The recommendation was made on Tuesday at the end of the two-day "Regional Workshop on Post-Tsunami Lessons Learned and Best Practices.", held in Medan, June 13-14. Besides recommending the establishment of a joint office, the workshop participants also recommended the setting up of an early warning system in the five countries. In addition, the workshop participants called on foreign aid workers to respect local cultures when operating in the areas affected by the tsunami. The workshop was supported by The Indonesian People's Welfare Department and UN-OCHA (United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs). The workshop was aimed at identifying best practices for preventing and dealing with the aftermaths of tsunamis and earthquakes.

9. Government registration of IDP's/ Earthquake victims in Nias

Disaster and IDP settlement Board in Nias has started registration of earthquake victims in Nias. It was one of the results of evaluation meeting of Satlak PBP Nias, on Tuesday 14th June 2005 evening at the Pendopo Bupati Nias. That meeting was chaired by Chief of Satlak PBP Nias who is also the Territory Secretary. This registration will cover death victim, wound victims, IDPs, damaged houses, worship places, government buildings, roads, bridges and jetty as well as river flow.

The purpose of this registration is to get accurate data on IDPs, victims and damage report due to the 28th earthquake. Results of that registration exercise will facilitate the next steps of disaster and IDP settlement can be achieved. This registration will involve 555 people from Nias government from different departments.

In Afulu sub-district, there is one IDP camp adjacent to the sub-district office which should be visited by humanitarian organizations for any required assistance.

OCHA is planning to hold in the very near future a workshop for interested organizations in becoming implementing partners of the IDP monitoring process in Nias. This workshop will enable participants to review the current IDP situation in Nias, to outline and agree on what should be the roles and responsibility of implementing partners.

10. Sector Developments

a. Temporary Shelter/ Non Food items Sector

UNHCR has started its non-food items distribution mainly in south Nias in partnership with IFRC and a local NGO "LPAM", distributed commodities are: Family tents, kitchen sets, plastic sheeting, jerry-cans and plastic mats.

ELM is distributing 50 tons of family boxes from Rotary UK in Gomo sub-regency, IOM has facilitated its transport.

Save the children is also planning non-food items distribution of household kits, hygienic kits and tool kits in the following locations: Hiliduho, Lolomatua, Mandrehe, Alasa, Lahewa and Gunung Sitoli.

b. Food aid Sector

According to Logistic Coordinator Satlak PBP Nias, Fon Lahagu, rice stock of 78.6 metric tones was distributed to affected populations as follows: 2.5 Mts to Bawolato district, 5 Mts to Tuhemberua, 7 Mts to Gunung Sitoli, 5 Mts to Hiliduho, 7 Mts to Gido and 2.05 Mts were damaged.

c. Fishing activities

FAO has provided financial contribution and technical support to NGO Life in supporting rehabilitation of artizanal fisheries in Nias and south Nias Districts by distributing 336 fishing gear packages designated to operators of fishing canoes in Nias Island. Some fishing capacities were destroyed as a result of Tsunami and strong earthquake of 28th March 2005. First fishers eligible as beneficiaries of fishing gear packages (designed by FAO) will be in accordance with the criteria and priority already established and utilized during the first Field Survey in January/ February 2005. In total 336 fishing canoes operators will benefit FAO project implemented by NGO Life in Afulu, Lahewa, Sirombu, Idanagawo, Bawalayo and Teluk Dalam.

d. Logistic/ Transport

IOM still continue its support to Nias Island especially in transportation (On-Island and sea) due to post tsunami which hit North Sumatra and Aceh. IOM has hired almost all trucks in Medan to carry relief aids to the effected areas.

e. Education

Education sector chaired by UNICEF is the most functional sectoral group in Nias organizing regular meetings to improve the situation in that sector and avoid duplication.

f. Child Protection

As reported recently in different media/ press concerning children who had been taken off the island illegally since tsunami in December 2004 by different foundations. On 23rd June 2005, ten children were received at Nias Airport by District authorities, some financial and material donations were offered to these children from different charitable organizations including local authorities. It has been reported that hundreds of Nias children had been taken to many areas in Indonesia since the massive flood in 2001, and the trafficking worsened after the tsunami. Child trafficking in Nias may be related to poverty and family planning. Local economy empowerment, family planning and promotion of Child Convention in close collaboration with local authorities would be the best solution and preventive measures to avoid child trafficking in Nias and elsewhere.

g. Health/ Nutrition

UNICEF have trained 25 villages midwifes along with donation of 18 UNICEF midwifery kits.

In Nias, YEU provided health services in three locations of the Island and distributed supplementary feeding for babies, children and pregnant mothers and conducted toddler measuring.

h. Water and sanitation

UNICEF with its reinforced water/ sanitation team will reactivate that group which is leaded by OXFAM. In Afulu, about 90% of sources of potable water have been wells. Almost every household had well in the yard; mot of the wells got damaged or contaminated in the aftermath of the earthquake. Water and sanitation are amongst the lead priorities of that sub-district

i. Reconstruction/ Rehabilitation sector

The second meeting of reconstruction group took place on Friday 24th June 2005, all participants were requested to fill the form proposed by BBR in order to know who is doing what and where in reconstruction activities.

During Donor's Country Summit on Nias Rehabilitation which was held on Wednesday, 15th June in Medan, the Governor of North Sumatra Province said that UN Habitat has committed to build 50 sample houses earth quake proof in Nias and South Nias, 30 houses in Gunung Sitoli and 20 in Teluk Dalam. The earthquake proof house project is indicated as first stage and has met the health standard. The house construction fund is collected from donor's country.

IOM has reported on its ongoing construction activities of four sites in Simeulue and five sites in Nias. In Simeulue: 117 out of 157 (59 of which completed but waiting for doors) and on Nias Island, 243 units out of planned 500. Additional construction materials procured an on the way from Medan.


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