Indonesia

Indonesia: OCHA Humanitarian Update Feb 2005

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published
Highlights:
- According to latest figure released by the National Coordinating Board for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees (BAKORNAS PBP), 123,597 bodies have been buried, 113,937 are missing and 400,901 are displaced in Aceh Province due to recent earthquake and tsunami. Meanwhile in North Sumatra Province, 130 have been buried, 24 are missing and 19,620 are displaced.

- The Government of Indonesia (GoI) and Free Aceh Movement (GAM) resumed peace talks to forge a deal to end the 30 years of war. The third round talks is planned in April in Helsinki with GAM ready to drop demands for independence in exchange for GoI agreeing to consider self-rule.

- The Central Government accepted a proposal from the Local Government of Papua to divide the Province into five provinces by 2009.

- The Local Government is to pay out IDR 500,000 (US$55) per family to 1,024 IDP families in Maluku to allow them to return to their villages of origin.

- Some 30,000 - 40,000 Madurese have returned to the areas along Kahayan River, Central Kalimantan, with assistance from local NGOs.

Updates on natural disaster affected areas:

Earthquake and Tsunami in Sumatra (December 2004)

According to latest figure released by the National Coordinating Board for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees (BAKORNAS PBP), 123,597 bodies have been buried, 113,937 are missing and 400,901 are displaced in Aceh Province. Meanwhile in North Sumatra Province, 130 have been buried, 24 are missing and 19,620 are displaced. Attention and assistance have been given from national and international communities. There are 12 UN agencies operating in the provinces in cooperation with central and local government to provide assistance.

Earthquake in Nabire, Papua (November 2004)

There has been no significant development during the recovery and rehabilitation phases due to lack of resources. Reconstruction of houses is not fully in place, thus many people remain living in temporary shelter. The Public Hospital in Nabire has not been renovated yet, thus inpatients are being treated in field hospital. Children are also going to temporary classroom built by the communities and the local government. Some bridges and roads have been repaired. The airport is now functional with limited capacity, while seaport is not functioning appropriately which impedes the supply of goods and sea transportation. The District Government has submitted a proposal for assistance to the Central Government, but no response has bee received yet. Intervention and support from international organizations are greatly needed.

Earthquake in Alor, East Nusa Tenggara (November 2004)

The Central Government has allocated IDR 60 billion for the reconstruction and rehabilitation of public facilities and houses. Some 1,370 houses out of 3,854 damaged houses have been reconstructed. There is no concentrated IDP settlement, but those who lost their houses are living in tents close to their damaged houses. As the funds are only one third of estimated budget, the Local Government has requested additional funds, but no response has been received yet.

Volcanic activity of Mt. Egon in Maumere (September 2004)

As volcanic activities are continuing in February, the level of alertness was raised to its highest level (Level IV). Though it is difficult to predict, the volcano may erupt anytime. No evacuation has taken place yet, but the local authorities and command posts have advised the communities to remain alert and be prepared should evacuation is required.

During January - February, several earthquakes and tremors occurred in Palu - Central Sulawesi, Kepulauan Talaud - North Sulawesi, Garut and Bandung - West Java, Padang - West Sumatra, Bali and Lombok - West Nusa Tenggara. No significant number of deaths (one in Palu and Garut) and injuries, but the quakes have caused significant damage to houses and public facilities. Meanwhile, floods have inundated 18 out of 45 sub-districts in southern Bandung - West Java, said to be the worst flooding in the last 10 years. More than 100,000 people living in some 30,000 homes have been affected by the flood. A garbage mound landslide also occurred in Bandung that resulted in 69 deaths and 91 missing. In the meantime, some parts of Sumatra have been covered by haze, causing flight delays and school shutdowns.

Regional Updates:

Aceh:

Facilitated by Crisis Management Initiative lead by former Finnish President Martti Ahtisaari, the Government of Indonesia (GoI) and Free Aceh Movement (GAM) have organized two meeting rounds in Helsinki to discuss cooperation to rebuild the province after being hit by the disaster and try to forge a deal to end the 30 years of war. A third round of peace talks is planned in April in Helsinki with GAM ready to drop demands for independence in exchange for GoI agreeing to consider self-rule. Meanwhile, GoI is considering modifications to the implementation of special autonomy in the Province that will be brought to the next peace talks.

Papua:

The Central Government accepted a proposal from the Local Government of Papua to divide the Province into five provinces by 2009, namely West Papua, Cendrawasih Bay, North Papua, Central Mountainous Papua and South Papua. A draft legislation will be prepared accordingly by the Central Government. The division is based on social, cultural and geographical considerations, as well as the location of human and natural resources.

Maluku:

The Local Government is to pay out IDR 500,000 (US$55) per family to 1,024 IDP families to allow them to return to their villages of origin. The Central Government has requested the local governments to resolve IDPs problems by the end of the year and agreed to allocate additional IDR 150 billion (USD 16.6 million) for Maluku to help the Local Government settles the problem.

Central Kalimantan:

OXFAM and the World Bank informed that some 30,000 - 40,000 Madurese have returned to the areas along Kahayan River, Central Kalimantan, with assistance from local NGOs. No significant problems and incidents during the return process were reported. Considering sensitivity of local community, a low profile approach should be continued.

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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