Indonesia: OCHA Consolidated Situation Report No. 144

Situation Report
Originally published
30 August - 5 September 2003

TNI is considering extension of the integrated operation in Aceh until the general elections in 2004. (Please see Aceh section for further details).

The Minister of Social Affairs launched the "Aceh Recovery Programme". (Please see Aceh section for further details).

Provincial Updates


Mt. Lewotobi Laki-laki in Wulanggintang sub-district, East Flores district of East Nusa Tenggara province, erupted on Sunday (31 Aug) at 7.30 pm. The eruption has resulted in 2.5 meters of ash and has reached 8 km to western areas of the mountain Boru, Hokeng, Duri and Ori. It also threw fireballs as far as 1 km from the center of the eruption, causing fires in surrounding forests and craters destroying hundreds of hectares of crops. The eruption has also caused panic in the community and made them leave their houses. The local authority has reported no human casualties.

According to the National Coordinating Board for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees (BAKORNAS PBP), the status of the mountain is ALERT 3, but the trend is considered to be decreasing. So far, there is no urgent assistance requested by BAKORNAS PBP.

2. ACEH (Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam)

General Situation

Local press reported that 16 civilians and 51 GAM members were killed in Aceh province during the week.

Kompas quoted Chief of Indonesia's Military, Gen. Endriartono Sutarto, on Thursday (4 Sep), saying that TNI was considering extending the integrated operation in the province until the general elections in 2004, which will take place at the same time in all provinces, including Aceh. With regard to reducing the military emergency status in the province, he said that it would be considered at a later stage based on the development of the situation. The implementation of general elections in 2004 is one of the targets of the integrated operation in the province as it requires humanitarian work, law enforcement, empowerment of good governance, and security recovery.

Kompas reported on Thursday (4 Sep), that the Minister of Social Affairs, Bachtiar Chamsyah, officially announced the commencement of the "Aceh Recovery" programme to be implemented in cooperation with some private and government owned companies. The programme is aimed at opening job opportunities and improving the economic and living conditions of the community.

The International Maritime Bureau (IMB) released a statement on Wednesday (3 September), as reported by AFP, claiming evidence to suggest GAM's responsibility for growing piracy in the Malacca Straits. In its report, Indonesian waters continued to be the world's most dangerous oceans, with 28 pirate attacks recorded since January.

The price for sugar has increased from around IDR 3,500 (USD 40 cent)/kg to around IDR 5,000 (USD 60 cent)/kg. Scarcity of sugar in Aceh combined with prohibitions of imported sugar to enter from Sabang Island attracted the wholesalers in Medan to meddle prices.

Social Affairs Minister, Bachtiar Chamsyah, travelled to Banda Aceh on Wednesday (3 Sep) to view the latest humanitarian situation in Aceh. The Minister provided IDR 1.05 billion (USD 125,000) to assist IDPs in the province.

Population Movement

IOM reported that as of Wednesday (3 Sep), 3,972 families (16,769 people) are displaced in various parts of Aceh. From 13 districts, the large numbers of IDPs are concentrated in South Aceh (6,737 persons), Aceh Jaya (2,534 persons), Aceh Tamiang (1,777 persons), Aceh Singkil (1,159), West Aceh (1,145 persons) and East Aceh (835 persons).

A local newspaper, Waspada, reported on Monday (1 Sep), that due to military operations in their villages 460 people from Siron Blang and Siron Krueng villages were evacuated by security forces on Saturday (30 Aug) to Pasar Baru Camp in Lampakuk sub-district of Great Aceh district.

721 IDPs from Alue Peunyareng Camp in Meureubo sub-district of West Aceh district expressed reluctance to return to their villages due to the unsafe security situation in 7 villages of Kaway XVI sub-district. Regardless of the request, government officials remain firmly intent to repatriate the IDPs to their villages.


General Situation

A local newspaper, Radar Sulteng, reported on Wednesday (3 Sep), that Christian and Muslim communities in Tangkura village conducted a traditional ceremony "Podungku" to show the unity of both religions in the community. The local authority of Poso also attended the event.


General Situation

A local newspaper, Info Baru, reported on Tuesday (2 Sep), that fighting between communities from Pandan Kasturi village and Kapaha village of Ambon city occurred on Saturday (30 Aug) and Monday (1 Sept). The fighting was purely caused by criminal acts.

A local newspaper, Siwalima, quoted the Head of Christian University of Maluku, Prof. Dr. M.K.J Norinama, on Wednesday (3 Sep), saying that he objected the relocation of former East Timorese refugees on Wetar island of Southeast West Maluku district. These former refugees are pro-integration groups.

According to a local newspaper, Ambon Ekspres, on Wednesday (3 September), hundreds of people from Kat, Kay, Soa Saniri villages in Kei Kecil sub-district of South East Maluku district staged a demonstration in front of the Head of District office to protest the result of the election of the head of the district, conducted on 16 June 2003. According to the demonstrators, the election did not follow appropriate procedure, thus the Minister of Internal Affairs should cancel it.

A local newspaper, Suara Maluku, reported on Thursday (4 Sep), that the community in Aboru village of Central Maluku district voluntary handed over dozens of weapons and hundreds of ammunition to the Area Military Commander (Pangdam) XVI Pattimura, Maj. Gen. Augustadi Sasongko Purnomo.


General Situation

The Jakarta Post reported on Thursday (4 Sep), that TNI is planning to immediately dispatch four battalions of troops to the province, where bloody clashes killed at least five people and injured dozens of others two weeks ago. The clashes have occurred following the declaration of Central Irian Jaya province by Mimika Council Office.


UNICEF is holding a mid-term review meeting with the District Government of Biak, Manokwari, Sorong, Jayapura, and the Provincial Government of Papua. The aim of the meeting is to evaluate and assess progress achieved in the first half of the five year cooperation plan (2001-2005).



Food and Agriculture

On Sunday (31 Aug), District Administrator of Central Aceh District distributed 30 MT rice and 200 boxes of instant noodles to 1,031 IDPs who have been displaced in Ketol sub-district since 28 May.


Chief of Indonesia's Red Cross, Mar'ie Muhammad, on Monday (1 Sep) provided supplementary education assistance amounting to 2,000 writing utensils, 10,000 writing books and a number of recreation materials for conflict affected pupils studying out of emergency schools in Seulimuem sub-district.


Food and Agriculture

From 1 to 5 September, CWS monitored its public work activities in Lage, Poso Pesisir, North Pamona, East Pamona, South Pamona and Mori Atas sub-districts. CWS also distributed food assistance in Mori Atas, North Pamona, and South Pamona sub-districts.


Under its psychosocial mental health programme, CWS distributed sport kits and music instruments to youth groups in Poso Pesisir and Lage sub-districts on Wednesday (3 Sep). CWS also continued consultation and monitoring activities of its supported groups in Poso Kota, Poso Pesisir, East Pamona, South Pamona and North Pamona sub-districts.

IMC continued its Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) campaign through Posyandu sessions focusing on diarrhoea and dental care in Poso Kota sub-district from 2 to 3 September, and through a radio programme focusing on rabies in Kayamanya of Poso Kota sub-district on Wednesday (3 Sept.).

Economic Recovery and Infrastructure

CWS completed a needs assessment for its Seeds and Tools/CROP programme on Friday (29 Aug) and is now preparing for distribution of the assistance.

From 2 to 3 September, Mercy Corps conducted a training focusing on Business Development Services for its Micro finance programme for 13 people from 6 LNGOs in Poso.

On Friday (29 Aug), an LNGO, Pergerakan Mahasiswa Islam Indonesia, conducted a dialogue session on Tuesday (2 Sept). 101 people in Poso Town sub-district participated in the session. The activity was funded by Mercy Corps.



Mercy Corps monitored water and sanitation project that is implemented by an LNGO, LKAB in Hila village, Lehitu sub- district of Central Maluku district.

SC UK held a meeting with the Head of Education Department in Masohi of Central Maluku district to discuss its education project in the district.

From 3 to 6 September, UNSFIR monitored development of a database of social violence in Indonesia.

Food Security and Agriculture

WFP through an LNGO, HARUM, distributed 19.15 MT of free rice for 383 displaced people in Halong Baru village of Ambon city.

WFP through an LNGO, Peduli Laut Alam Semesta (PAUS), distributed 12.50 MT of rice for 250 participants of food for work programme in Halong Navy Base of Ambon city.

Under its income generating programme, AcF distributed seeds and tool materials for communities in 28 villages in Buru island.


IMC conducted a total of 458 health consultations on Seram Island of Central Maluku district (covering sub-districts of Masohi, Kobisonta, and Buano island) and on Buru Island of Buru district (covering sub-district of Wamsisi, Leksula and Waimulang).

Under its community rehabilitation programme, CARDI discussed with an LNGO, Sehati, on its hygiene campaign programme for 20 schools in West Seram sub-district of Central Maluku district.

Shelter and Non-food Items

Mercy Corps funded an LNGO, Yayasan Pisgas Indostar, for rehabilitation of shelter for 47 HH in Rumalait sub-village, Seram island of Central Maluku district.


Mercy Corps funded an LNGO, Yayasan Lintas, for distribution of school materials for 145 students in West Seram sub-district of Central Maluku district.

SC UK conducted a workshop on "Activity-based and Child-centered Learning" and "The Importance of Relevant Curriculum for Elementary Schools" for 25 staff of Education Department from Central Maluku and Ambon city.

Economic Recovery and Infrastructure

Mercy Corps conducted a focus group discussion with micro credit providers in Passo village, Ambon city. The discussion is part of the overall completion analysis study that is being conducted to understand the current financial services available in Ambon Island.

A local newspaper, Ambon Ekspres, reported on Monday (1 September) that Minister for Energy and Mineral Resources, Dr. Ir. Purnomo Yusgintoro, symbolically gave 30 electricity generators for Maluku province, during his visit to Ambon on Sunday (31 August 03).



From 1 to 2 September, WVI distributed building materials for its Happy House project and officially opened a Happy House in Kao sub-district.

WVI monitored activities of Happy House in Kao, Malifut, Tobelo, and Galela sub-districts from 28 August to 2 September.

WVI distributed the 3rd edition of its magazine to 34 elementary schools in Kao, Malifut, and Tobelo sub-districts from 28 August to 3 September.

SC-UK conducted a workshop in Jailolo sub-district to introduce its education programme and develop a strategy for working in partnership with the Local Government officials from Jailolo, Sahu, Ibu and Loloda subdistricts on Monday (1 Sep).

Economic Recovery and Infrastructure

IRD signed contracts for implementation of its economic empowerment projects in 5 villages in Bacan sub-district, and 4 villages in Obi sub-district on Sunday (31 Aug). The projects will commence in September and continue to December 2003. The project is aimed at providing 2 sources of income and a source of saving for more than 75% of households in the villages. The projects consist of farming, fishing and traditional mat making activities.

In conjunction with the above projects, IRD conducted a financial workshop for the management team that consist of representatives from the above mentioned 9 villages and IRD staff. The management team has also purchased some materials required for implementation of the projects.

Selected Abbreviations Key

ACF Action Contre la Faim
BAKORNAS PBP National Coordinating Board for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees
BRIMOB Police Mobile Brigade
BULOG National Logistics Agency
CWS Church World Service
GAM Free Aceh Movement
GoRI Government of Indonesia
CARDI Consortium for Assistance to Refugees and the Displaced in Indonesia
CoHA Cessation of Hostilities Agreement
CORDAID Catholic Organisation for Relief and Development
HDC Henry Dunant Center
ICMC International Catholic Migration Commission
IMC International Medical Corps
IDP Internally displaced person
IRD International Relief and Development
JRS Jesuit Refugee Service
JSC Joint Security Committee
KOMNAS HAM National Commission on Human Rights
KOPASSUS Army's Special Force
KOSTRAD Army's Strategic Reserve Command
MSF - B Medecins sans Frontieres Belgium
MCK Combined Bathing, Washing and Latrine Facility
OPM Free Papua Organization
PMI Indonesian Red Cross
Poliandes Field Health Post
Posyandu Integrated health service
Puskesmas Primary health centre
Pustu Primary health unit
SATKORLAK PBP Provincial Coordinating Unit for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees
SATLAK PBP District Executing Unit for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees
SC US Save the Children US
TNI Indonesian Armed Forces
WVI World Vision International

This report and previous ones can be found at

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