Indonesia: OCHA Consolidated Situation Report No. 119

8 March - 14 March 2003

The Jakarta Post reported on Monday (10 Mar.) that an earthquake measured at 5.8 on the Richter Scale shook some parts of Eastern Indonesia on Monday (10 Mar.). The earthquake was strongly felt in Manado of North Sulawesi, and Ternate of North Maluku. Its epicentre was 100 kilometers (62 miles) under the seabed. No human casualty and damage were reported.

The Jakarta Post reported on Monday (10 Mar.) that heavy rains in Pontianak of West Kalimantan failed to clear the thick haze that prompted the City Mayor to urge the town's 500,000 residents to put on masks. In a sudden change of weather, Pontianak has been experiencing a heat wave of over 35 degrees Celsius during the past two weeks, with an air pollution index exceeding the acceptable level. On Saturday (8 Mar), the haze also covered the airport and reduced visibility to some 400 meters.

Various local media in Papua reported that heavy rains in Jayawijaya district have caused landslides and floods in Kurima, Hubikosi, Kurulu, Assologaima and Wamena sub-districts. There is no detailed report provided by the Government regarding the current situation and actions taken so far.

The Jakarta Post quoted a local health official on Monday (10 Mar.), saying that the outbreaks of dengue fever and chikungunya disease have claimed the lives of 13 people in Cirebon of West Java during the past two months. 216 cases of dengue fever and 99 cases of chikungunya have been recorded during the last two months.

2. ACEH (Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam)

General Situation

Four new Peace Zones were officially inaugurated from 8 to 10 March in Tiro sub-district of Pidie district, Peusangan sub-district of Bireuen district, Simpang Keramat sub-district of North Aceh district, and Idi Tunong sub-district of East Aceh district. The inauguration ceremonies went smoothly without any provocation, except in Tiro sub-district. Local newspaper, Serambi, reported on Sunday, (9 Mar.) that thousands of local settlers attended the ceremony in Tiro sub-district waving GAM flags and shouting for independence. The local TNI Commander protested against this act and called it a strict violation of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement (CoHA).

Local newspaper, Waspada, reported on Monday (10 Mar.) that the situation in Central Aceh district remained tense after the attack on the JSC office in Takengon on 3 March. The local community continues the search for GAM members and GAM bases around Bandar, Pondok Baru, Permata, Bentul Kemumu and Syiah Utama sub-districts. Meanwhile, a local GAM commander claimed that those who perpetrated the attack were militia groups supported and organized by TNI.

Population Movements

Waspada reported on Saturday (8 Mar.) that 135 IDPs, who returned a month ago to Timang Gajah sub-district of Central Aceh district with the assistance of JSC, have headed back to their previous IDP camps in Bireuen and Pidie districts. This was triggered by dissatisfaction with the Local Government that promised to rebuild houses for them. The Head of District (Bupati) said that it requires some time to rebuild houses and currently the Local Government does not have adequate funds.

People Crisis Center (PCC) reported on Friday (14 Mar.) that the above-mentioned IDPs arrived in Banda Aceh and sheltered in PCC office compound on Thursday afternoon (13 Mar.). According to PCC, the number has increased to 200 people. Basic emergency assistance is provided by PCC.

According to Serambi on Saturday (8 Mar.), the Local Government of East Aceh and Tamiang districts assisted the return of 168 IDPs to their villages after they had been sheltered at the District Government Office for Migration for three days. Some IDPs refused to return to their villages until the Government rebuilds their houses. Those refusing to return were forced to go back to North Sumatra.

OXFAM is conducting an assessment mission to identify the humanitarian needs of Acehnese IDPs in North Sumatra from 13 to 18 March.


The Department of Health of Aceh organized a follow-up coordination meeting on scabies epidemic campaign on Thursday (12 Mar.). The meeting was chaired by the Head of Provincial Health Department, Dr. Cut Idawani. Senior provincial and districts officials, as well as staff from PMI, ICRC, SC US, CARDI, WHO and OCHA attended the meeting. In a discussion with the Department of Health, ICRC agreed to provide an adequate quantity of Benzyl Benzoate and soft soap for scabies treatment in the provinces.

WHO allocated USD 4,000 for controlling scabies outbreak in Indrapuri and Ingin Jaya sub-district of Great Aceh district, and USD 7,000 for mass campaign on scabies treatment in Aceh province.


UNICEF conducted training on financial procedures of UNICEF funds for staff of the Education and Health Departments at UNRC Banda Aceh on Wednesday (12 Mar.).

From 1 to 12 March UNICEF sponsored training on the usage of "School in the Box" materials that were donated by the Government of Japan. Some 100 teachers attended the training that was facilitated by UNICEF and the Education Department of Aceh. Participants were also briefed on trauma counselling, the Convention on the Rights of Child and HIV/AIDS.


OXFAM signed an agreement with an LNGO, Yedesa, to start an Income Generation and Advocacy Project in Bandar Dua and Bandar Baru sub-districts of Pidie district on Wednesday (Mar. 12).


General Situation

A local newspaper, Radar Sulteng, reported on Tuesday (11 Mar.) that Commission I and III of the House of Representative conducted an official visit to Central Sulawesi. The members of the commissions addressed questions on the follow-up of Malino Agreement and the handling procedure of IDPs in the province (Poso IDPs). Mr. Samijono, the Provincial Secretary, informed that the situation in Poso has gradually improved. The local authorities are willing to do their best to manage the situation, but they are facing problems in regard to funds. The Central Government has to provide some IDR 34 billion to handle IDPs issues in Central Sulawesi this year.


OCHA is conducting a joint mission with BAKORNAS to Palu, Poso and Tentena from 11 to 14 March to assess the condition of the IDPs in the district.


General Situation

A local newspaper, Ambon Ekspress, reported on Monday (10 Mar.) that a 36-years old man from Pelauw village of Haruku Island, was shot on Saturday (8 Mar.) when he and his friends were looking for fruits in a forest, about 7 km from Pelauw. The local security forces confirmed the incident and according to the Chief of District Police (Kapolres) of Ambon and Lease Islands, AKBP Drs Noviantoro, a team has been sent to investigate the incident.

The police removed two home-made bombs that were discovered by workers on the roof of Alfatah mosque in Ambon city on Thursday (13 Mar.). So far, there is no information on suspects or motives for the incident.

A local newspaper, Siwalima, reported on Friday (14 Mar) that another home-made bomb was discovered on Thursday (13 Mar.) in a local market in a suburb of Ambon City, Batu Mera. The bomb was also safely taken care of by the security forces.

Population Movement

Ambon Ekspress reported on Thursday (13 Mar.) that some thirty displaced families (127 people) from Panjang Island, Fak Fak district of Papua province, asked for a return to their places of origin in Haris sub village, Ohinang village, Kei Besar sub-district of Southeast Maluku district. The district authorities in both locations received the request.


A team from ICMC left for Kairatu village on Saturday (8 Mar.) to supervise an assessment of the number of IDPs and the condition of infrastructure in the village. ICMC has also signed a memorandum of understanding with an LNGO, Lelemuku, to implement further assessment activities.

Food Security and Agriculture

AcF is continuing registration of beneficiaries for its seed, tools and fishing equipment distribution programme in South Buru sub-district.


IMC this week conducted a total of 1,116 medical consultations at its health stations in Buru and Seram Islands. A medical doctor from IMC travelled to Mangeswaen village of North Buru sub-district in response to news of a malaria outbreak that caused the death of nine people a week ago. An initial report indicates 70% of 112 patients examined were suffering from malaria, but the situation is now under control.

IMC's health facility rehabilitation programme on Seram and Buru Islands is in progress, while its work on polindes in Iha village of Seram Island is completed. In Pustu Tanjung and Pustu Waraka on Seram Island, the work has just started.

Water and Sanitation

CARDI has finalized a budget for a "School Support Programme". Under this programme, CARDI will provide water sanitation facilities and school building rehabilitation for 29 schools on Ambon Island.

Mercy Corps facilitated a "Water and Sanitation Coordination Meeting" that was held on 6 March at the NGO Center in Ambon city. Ten LNGOs attended the meeting.

AcF is preparing a water and sanitation assessment activity in Southeast Seram.


Pattimura University, the Department of English is holding a "Teaching Aids and Tools for Primary Education Exhibition" at the NGO Center in Ambon from 12 to 14 March. The NGO centre is supported by Mercy Corps.

CARDI is preparing a vocational training budget for courses in Suli, Rimba Raya, Hative, Mamala and Liang villages on Ambon Island. Meanwhile, vocational training sessions are ongoing in Wayame, Pohon Manga, Passo and Tulehu villages on Ambon Island.

An Education Programme Section from CARDI is preparing training on Human Rights, Health Education and Living Value Education Programme (LVEP) that will be conducted in selected communities on Ambon Island.

CARDI has defined a budget for provision of materials for teachers, classes, students and libraries that will be made available at selected community centres on Ambon Island. Procurement is expected to follow in the coming week.

CARDI and the Department of National Education (DIKNAS) are preparing "School Standardisation" documents that are expected to be used in schools in the province.

Economic Recovery and Infrastructure

CARDI attended a meeting to discuss the standardisation/coordination of income generation activities supported by CARDI in the province. Executives from the Regional Development Inspection (BAPPEDA), the Social Department (DEPSOS), Mercy Corps, UNDP, LNGOs and Bank Republic Indonesia (BRI) also attended the meeting.

Aipukamma, an association that consists of LNGOs working for Micro Credit programmes supported by Mercy Corps, met at the NGO Center in Ambon city on 7 March to discuss strategic planning for their activities.

CARDI completed a baseline data collection from its partners (LNGOs and communities) in its coverage area in the province. The baseline data is based on questionnaires distributed by CARDI to help determine suitable activities in a particular area. Information gathered from the baseline data can be used for project evaluation.

Mercy Corps is providing funds and technical assistance to 96 LNGO partners to implement 127 various projects, ranging from simple income generation, community development, water and sanitation installations, community reconciliation projects. Some 78,600 people are benefiting from the projects.

ICMC signed a memorandum of understanding with several LNGOs on 7 March to facilitate community meetings that aimed at encouraging reconciliation, return and rehabilitation. ICMC has conducted joint missions with several LNGOs with details as follow: on 10 March to Teon Nila Serua (TNS)/Amahai of Southeast Maluku sub-district with Yayasan Dakonia; on 11 March to Werinama of Seram Island with Yayasan Kebangkitan Bahari; on 11 March to Tehoru, sub-district of Seram island with Lakpesdam 1; and on 10 March to Taniwel sub-district of Seram Island with Tiara Pusaka.

Amendments from Situation Report No. 118:

The AcF's Income Generation Programmes in Ambon and North Buru have not been implemented yet as AcF is waiting for funding.


General Situation

A local newspaper, Mimbar Kieraha, reported on Monday (10 Mar.) that after ten days of discussion, finally the Regional People's Representative Council (DPRD) approved the North Maluku Area Income and Expenditure Estimate (APBD) for the year 2003 on Saturday (8 Mar.). In the budget, the Local Government expects to achieve this year's income of IDR 258,60 billion that is 1,94% higher than last year's of IDR 253,67 billion.

Population Movement

The Provincial Social Welfare Office of North Maluku assisted the return of 384 displaced families (1,863 people) from Ternate to Dusun 9, Gamsungi village of Tobelo sub- district on Thursday (13 Mar.).

The Central Halmahera District Satlak PBP 2 office reported that until 3 February 2003, 3,672 displaced families (15,320 people) have returned to Central Halmahera district at their own initiative and 405 displaced families (1,584 people) have returned from North Sulawesi province.

Water and Sanitation

A team from CARDI visited several villages in Sahu, Ibu and Jailolo sub-districts to discuss revisions of project proposal with targeted communities and inform communities where the projects in their areas were rejected.

Food Security and Agriculture

FAO carried out a survey in Jailolo, Sahu and Ibu sub-districts for its fishing canoes and gears assistance. FAO has identified its target areas that include Susupu village of Sahu sub-district, Tuada village of Jailolo sub-district, and Tongute Ternate, Gamkonora, Talaga and Gamsungi villages of Ibu sub-district. The programme is targeted on a total of 423 beneficiaries for the fishing gear packages and 412 for the fishing canoes.

International and national fishery experts from FAO went to Ternate to finalize the arrangement for the building of fishing canoe and distribution plan for fishing gears under funding support from the Netherlands. Local boat-builders and carpenters have been identified to build some 300 - 350 canoes. The contracts with the local suppliers of planks and building materials are being established. Consultations with beneficiaries have been held, with a view to establishing a broad agreement among them to build planked canoes rather than dugout canoes, so as minimize the incidents of cutting matured big logs and avoid the damage to local forest resources.

FAO fielded a national consultant for a 40-day mission to Ternate for the verification of the distribution of agricultural inputs, which was completed with the assistance of AcF and WVI under the FAO-funded project TCP/INS/0167, and for the assessment of the impact of the project.

Shelter and Non- Food Items

WVI is continuing distribution of materials for its Housing Kit programme in Soatobaru and Samuda villages of Galela sub-district from 10 to 12 March.

UNDP held a meeting with the North Maluku District Public Work Office to discuss construction of 800 houses and latrines/toilet that is funded by UNOPS.

UNDP also reviewed financial documents submitted by nine local contractors for the final payment for the construction of 520 houses under UNDP's Supporting Government Housing Programme that is managed by Satkorlak office.


WVI held coordination meetings with the school committee to discuss the building of Happy House and the schedule for delivery of local materials for the Happy House in Wari village of Tobelo sub-district from 10 to 12 March. WVI also delivered building materials for Happy House in Togawa and Soakonora villages of Galela sub-district on 7 March.

WVI distributed textbooks to SD Inpres Mamuya in Mamuya village and SD Inpres Seki in Seki village of Galela sub-district.

CARDI conducted a two and a half days training on its Youth Programme for six Community Committees from several villages in Jailolo, Sahu and Ibu sub-district. 69 persons attended the training.

SC UK hosted an Education Coordination Meeting at SC UK Tobelo office on Friday (14 Mar.). The meeting was initiated by UNICEF and was attended by International Relief Development (IRD), WVI, CARDI, UNICEF and North Maluku Education Department office.

Economic Recovery and Infrastructure

WVI distributed building materials for its infrastructure project CRP II in Sabatai Baru, Sambiki, Momojiu and Juanga villages of Morotai Island from 6 to 8 March. WVI also monitored its CRP project in Wewemo and Sabatai Baru villages of Morotai Island on 7 March and all the villages of WVI coverage area in Galela sub-district.


General Situation

A local newspaper, Cendrawasih Pos, quoted the Head of District Police, AKBP Drs. Faisal AN on Monday (10 Mar.), saying that the investigation on the finding of 12 high explosive home-made bombs in Sorong town is ongoing. The three suspects are now under intensive interrogation by the police.

Various local media reported debates and demonstrations on the establishment of new provinces in Papua. The United Papua Forum (Forum Papua Bersatu or FPB) advised the President to review the policy as a new province should be established under the Special Autonomy Bill and it should be proposed by the relevant local community. Meanwhile, the Central Highland Community Forum or FPRPT is going to hold a demonstration at the Provincial Parliament Office in Jayapura, and the Indonesian Youth National Committee (Komite Nasional Pemuda Indonesia or KNPI) conducted a dialogue on the government-owned radio station, RRI.


A joint team from OCHA and WFP from Jakarta went on mission to Papua for assessment of disaster preparedness from 2 to 8 March. The team met the Local Government officials and staff member of LNGO and INGO at the provincial and the district levels in Manokwari, Biak, Numfor, Jayapura, and Jayawijaya. The team also visited natural disaster-affected areas in Ransiki and Oransbari sub-districts of Manokwari district and Kurima sub-district of Jayawijaya district.

Food Security and Agriculture

Various local media reported on Thursday (10 Mar.) that 56 hectares of garden, crops, farm, and agriculture in Kiminuk, Selegeme, Kasi, Kopol, Nolopol and Mugi villages, Kembu sub-district of Wamena (Jayawijaya) have been destroyed by landslides and floods.


Cendrawasih Pos reported on Wednesday (12 Mar.) that dengue and diarrhoea outbreaks occurred in Merauke town. The Head of District Public Hospital (RSUD), Dr. Petrus, said that some 300 people have suffered from the diseases and one died. The outbreaks were started in January 2003.


Cendrawasih Pos reported on Tuesday (11 Mar.) that UNICEF and UNESCO conducted a joint nine-day training of School Based Management (MBS) that was started on Monday (10 Mar.) in Wamena, Jayawijaya district. The training is aimed at improving the quality of teachers in knowledge, skills, and attitude or personality aspects. Schools teachers, headmasters and tribal leaders are attending the training.

Economy Recovery and Infrastructure

Cendrawasih Pos reported on Tuesday (11 Mar.) that a sand trap irrigation project that was constructed in 1999/2000 in a transmigration resettlement camp, SP I, in Tuari-Manimeri, Bintuni sub-district of Manokwari district, has been damaged due to heavy rainfalls and floods of Muturi river in last February. The sand trap was supposed to irrigate 1,500 hectares of rice fields in the area. The Project Chief, Henky Isir, said that the project would be reconstructed under this year's budget.

Selected Abbreviations Key

ACF Action Contre la Faim
Bakornas PBP National Coordinating Board for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees
Brimob Police Mobile Brigade
Bulog National Logistics Agency
CWS Church World Service
GAM Free Aceh Movement
GoRI Government of Indonesia
CARDI Consortium for Assistance to Refugees and the Displaced in Indonesia
CORDAID Catholic Organisation for Relief and Development
HDC Henry Dunant Center
ICMC International Catholic Migration Commission
IMC International Medical Corps
IDP Internally displaced person
IRD International Relief and Development
JRS Jesuit Refugee Service
JSC Joint Security Committee
Komnas HAM National Commission on Human Rights
Kopassus Army's Special Force
Kostrad Army's Strategic Reserve Command
MSF-B Medecins sans Frontieres Belgium
MCK Combined Bathing, Washing and Latrine Facility
OPM Free Papua Organisation
PMI Indonesian Red Cross
Poliandes Field Health Post
Posyandu Integrated health service
Puskesmas Primary health centre
Pustu Primary health unit
Satkorlak PBP Provincial Coordinating Unit for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees
Satlak PBP District Executing Unit for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees
SC US Save the Children US
TNI Indonesian Armed Forces
WVI World Vision International

This report and previous ones can be found at

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