Indonesia

Indonesia - OCHA Consolidated Situation Report No. 116

Source
Posted
Originally published


15 February - 21 February 2003
1. NATURAL DISASTERS

Jakarta Floods

The Jakarta Post reported on Monday (17 Feb.) that Jakarta could face serious food and fuel shortages, due to possible widespread flooding if the City Administrators fail to be prepared for possible heavy floods over the forthcoming weekend. Almost all the warehouses, including the rice warehouses of the City Logistics Agency (Dolog) in Kelapa Gading, North Jakarta, are located in flood prone areas. The fuel storage center of Pertamina, a state-owned oil and gas company, in Prumpung, North Jakarta, which supplies gasoline and kerosene to the city, is also located in a flood-prone area.

The Flood Control Crisis Center (FCCC) of the Provincial Government of Greater Jakarta (Pusdalsis) has organised large trucks to transport supplies if conditions worsen. The FCCC located on the second floor of City Hall has been operational since the floods began early in the month. Representatives from city offices and agencies, as well as police and military officers, have been assigned to the center.

The latest report (dated 17 Feb.) from the FCCC (part of the Satkorlak of Greater Jakarta) on the latest situation of Jakarta’s five municipalities is as follows:

Area
Number of persons temporarily displaced
Number of Evacuation Posts
Number of Public Kitchens
Number of Medical Posts
West Jakarta
232
4
7
4
Central Jakarta
-
-
-
-
South Jakarta
-
-
-
-
East Jakarta
-
-
-
-
North Jakarta
-
-
-
-
Total
232
4
7
4

The Meteorology and Geophysics Agency (BMG) earlier predicted that floods might occur around Thursday (20 Feb.) due to heavy rain and a high tide.

The Jakarta Post reported on Monday (17 Feb.) that according to the FCCC, the recent flooding had damaged 34 elementary schools, 10 junior high schools and 34 senior high schools in Jakarta as of 14 February. In total, some 14,000 students have had their lessons disrupted. The Governor of Jakarta has announced that repairs to all the affected schools will be conducted through the city contingency fund. Currently, the contingency fund stands at some IDR 700 billion.

The Jakarta Post also reported on Tuesday (18 Feb.) in Bandung, West Java, that over 4,000 people fled their homes on Monday (17 Feb.) and took shelter in mosques, schools and other buildings in safer areas. This was caused by floods in some parts of Bandung regency following three days of heavy rain that made Citarum river burst its banks. The flooding from the Citarum, one of the biggest in West Java, sends a warning of further possible flooding in Jakarta as the river is connected to the main rivers in the capital, including the Cisadane and Ciliwung. 2,647 houses in several parts of the city's downtown were inundated. No casualties were reported.

Kompas reported on Friday (21 Feb.) that the Royal Netherlands Government (RNG) has contributed a grant amounting to IDR 3 billion for the management of floods in Jakarta as part of an integrated programme. The first phase of the programme will focus on the area of Bidara Cina in East Jakarta. The RNG has signed an MoU between the Dutch Ministry of Transportation, Public Works and Water Works, the Indonesian Ministry of Settlement and Regional Infrastructure, and the Ministry of Environment in 2002 on water management, settlement infrastructure, and city plan focusing on the Ciliwung river. The programme will run for two years, as stated by the representative of the Dutch Government for the Ministry on Wednesday (19 Feb.) in a dialogue with the Bidara Cina community.

Bogor Landslides

Kompas reported on Friday (21 Feb.) that a landslide in Sukawangi, Jonggol district, Bogor, West Java, occurred on Thursday (20 Feb.) damaging 122 homes. Some 461 people were evacuated to safer areas. Mud and debris are still covering the rivers nearing the area. The victims have received assistance of rice, instant noodles and cooking oil, but it is far from sufficient.

Papua Floods

Cenderawasih Pos reported on Wednesday (19 Feb.) that due to the three-day heavy rainfall, a flood of 40 cm height occurred in Hidup Baru village, Tanah Miring area of Merauke district. No death was reported but people evacuated to safer areas.

Rainfalls followed by floods and landslides are reported to continue in Tiom, Okbibab and Kurulu sub-districts in Jayawijaya district.

Aceh Floods

A local newspaper, Waspada reported on Monday (17 Feb.) that heavy rains since Saturday (15 Feb.) and high-rise of tide have caused flooding in Makmur and Gandapura sub-districts, Bireuen district. The flood has reportedly reached 0.5 meter affecting 7 villages in both sub-districts. No human casualty was reported.

Serambi reported on Friday (21 Feb.) that heavy rains on 11 February, resulted in overflowing of a local river and inundation of 11 houses and 25 hectares of farmland in Geumpang dub-district of Pidie district. Twenty livestock (buffalo) were washed away and killed. The Local Government has visited the site on Wednesday (19 Feb.) to provide one MT of rice and IDR 4.5million as emergency assistance.

2. ACEH (Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam)

General Situation

One civilian and one TNI soldier were killed during the week according to local media reports.

The JSC in a press release Saturday (15 Feb.) sanctioned both GAM and GoRI for four cases of serious violations of the Cessation of Hostilities Agreement (CoHA). According to news media, National Military Commander, Endriatono Sutarto, expressed his disappointment on Monday (17 Feb.) that two of the three sanctions put upon the GoRI by JSC during the weekend should have been categorised as an act of crime not as violation of the CoHA.

HDC reported at a press conference on Thursday (20 Feb.) that there was no incident reported in Indrapuri since it was established as a Peace Zone on January 25. The six new Peace Zones recently announced will be officially established by the end of February. The JSC will be establishing offices and a permanent monitor presence in each of the Peace Zones. The international community remains eager to provide economic aid to Peace Zones.

Population Movements

JSC escorted 200 IDPs on Thursday (20 Feb.) from Bireuen district to their homes in Takengon, Central Aceh district. Some 500 more IDPs are planned to be escorted later this week. This was the second time since the signing of the agreement that JSC escorted IDPs and guaranteed their safety upon return. JSC is also working with CARDI on the planned return of IDPs on 4 March to Indramakmur and Pante Bidari, East Aceh district.

Assessments

A joint mission of the World Bank, the Asian Development Bank, and UNDP travelled to Banda Aceh on 17 to 22 February to start a review on public expenditure regarding the special autonomy, financial management, human developments, infrastructure, justice and security, and business environment. This programme is to continue for the next two months until a final report is issued in early May to determine future programmes and interest of international donors for assistance to the province.

Health

WHO Senior Emergency Officer Jose Echevarria, visited Banda Aceh from 18 to 20 February to follow up on WHO’s scabies intervention being implemented with the Provincial Health Department. WHO also looked into future programmes with the Health Department to be focused on in surveillance/data collection of communicable diseases, eradication of polio, immunization, drugs supply, malaria study, and strengthening of a coordination mechanism among health related institutions.

WHO and the Provincial Health Department conducted a coordination meeting on scabies treatment on Friday (21 Feb.) attended by UNICEF, OCHA, CARDI, SC US, ICMC, PMI and Bappeda.

SC US conducted Posyandu Cadres training in Lamteuba and Lampanah sub-districts, Great Aceh district for some 130 cadres from 20 February to 1 March.

Water and Sanitation

CARDI went to Pidie district from 19 to 21 February to assess possible resettlement sites for returnees, for a possible intervention to rehabilitate water sanitation facilities.

Economic Recovery and Infrastructure

CARDI from 17 to 20 February conducted a final evaluation of the income-generation project in Central Aceh and Bireuen districts for 752 households (3,300 beneficiaries) within its livelihood programme.

ICMC visited Pidie district from 19 to 21 February to meet with local partners and beneficiaries to monitor its Female Headed-Households Programme.

SC US distributed 400 ducks on Wednesday (19 Feb.) to 16 youth members in Pulo Aceh sub-district of Great Aceh district to be used for income generation activities.

Others

SC US is conducting motorcycle service/repair training for 16 youth members in Tangse sub-district of Pidie district from 19 February to 10 March implemented through BKPSM.

SC US from 19 to 20 February conducted chilli planting training for 50 women in Tangse sub-district through local partner BKPSM.

SC US conducted a meeting with youth organisations in Pulo Aceh sub-district, Great Aceh district to assess their future programmes, which would be supported by SC US as a follow up of the leadership training completed last week.

3. CENTRAL SULAWESI

Food Security and Agriculture

CWS Tentena distributed vegetable oil and red beans in four villages of Lage sub-district and red beans in four villages of East Pamona sub-district from 13 to 14 February. Total beneficiaries from both places were 283 families for vegetable oil and 1,793 peoples for red beans.

Health

IMC held an Intensive Education Campaign (IEC) focusing on mother and children’s health from 18 to 20 February at posyandu in Kulinti, Tonusu, Salopu villages of North Pamona sub-district. Some 198 people attended the event.

IMC conducted a mobile clinic programme on Tuesday and Thursday (18 and 20 Feb.) in Saatu village of Poso Pesisir sub-district. The mobile clinic treated some 67 patients.

Shelter and Sanitation

CARE conducted a three-day training on latrine construction from 19 to 21 February in Poso Kota sub-district. Some 17 participants from local community and CARE attended the training. The latrines are planned to be constructed in Poso Pesisir, Lage and South Pamona sub-distrcits.

Shelter and Non-food Items

CWS distributed shelter materials (wood) for 35 families from 13 to 14 February in Bategencu village of Lage sub-district.

4. MALUKU

General Situation

A local newspaper, Ambon Ekspress, on Monday (17 Feb.) reported that a UNICEF team, established to study a waste disposal problem in Ambon City, found some residential areas that face problems as a result of improper waste management of hospitals. During a meeting with the City Government, the team leader indicated some hospitals were disposing wastes (including liquid waste) improperly through gutters passing through settlements. The team leader stated that these wastes were affecting health of the residents in communities, as some of them contained poisonous compounds. As a response, the City Government promised to take an appropriate action.

According to Ambon Ekspress on Tuesday (18 Feb.), a violent demonstration occurred in the capital of West Southeast Maluku district, Saumlaki, on Saturday (15 Feb.). It was reported that two people were wounded by shots, while four cars and three government buildings were destroyed. The triggering factor was people’s dissatisfaction with the mechanism of Civil Servants Selection of Candidates for the District Government conducted by the Local Government. The police deployed one platoon for a joint operation with the military in order to help controlling the security situation. Four people suspected as riot masterminds were in custody and under police investigation. Rana Swadayana, the Head of the District Police, said that the situation has been stabilised.

Assessment

A team of Mercy Corps went to Tihinitu sub-village on Haruku island from 12 to 16 February to monitor its water project. The team also performed assessment on Haruku, Saparua, and Nusa Laut islands.

Mercy Corps and an LNGO went to West Seram island from 18 to 20 February to monitor and asses the needs of the community to determine possible assistance from Mercy Corps at village and sub-village level.

Food Security and Agriculture

AcF started registration of population in approximately 50 villages in West North Buru, East North Buru and South North Buru sub-districts of Buru island, to provide reliable data for food security and other relevant humanitarian actions. Meanwhile, its Food Security Unit has completed a Post Distribution Monitoring (PDM) and Income Generation Programme (IGP) for accessible communities in the district and is now preparing an analysis and a report.

Health.

IMC this week conducted a total of 1,055 medical consultations at its health stations in Buru and Seram islands.

IMC continues rehabilitation of health facilities on Seram and Buru islands (covering Masohi, Usliapan, and Iha villages).

A medical team of MSF-B this week conducted a total of 311 health consultations at centres in Paso and other locations on Ambon island. MSF-B also donated medical equipment and drugs to Halong Navy hospital, which also provides service for an IDP camp.

Water and Sanitation

AcF started rehabilitation of one well and construction of one new well in Waeselang village on Seram island on Thursday (13 Feb.) AcF also continues rehabilitation of two wells, construction of one new well and two rain catchments in Loun village on Seram island. On Buru island, its Water and Sanitation Team continues the well cleaning programme, while particularly in Tawiri village, they continue working on connecting pipe line and tap stand.

Mercy Corps funded an LNGO, Angkatan Muda Gereja Protestant Maluku (AMGPM) of Zeboath (Masohi sub-district of Seram island) branch, to build one unit of MCK consisting of three latrines, two water storage basins, and one drilled well for displaced families in "Kodim 1502" dormitory (a military base).

Mercy Corps funded an LNGO, Yayasan Siran Loor, to construct 12 units of latrines in Somlain village on Kei Kecil island, South East Maluku.

Mercy Corps funded LNGO, Yayasan Sauwa Sejahtera, to implement a water project in Sekolah Pembangunan Pertanian (a high school specialized in Agriculture Development) in Lateri, Ambon Island.

Education

CARDI distributed equipment for a vocational training course, as well as sport and recreational materials on Ambon island in Wayame village on 30 January and Thursday (20 Feb.), Tulehu village on Tuesday (18 Feb.) and Paso on Wednesday (19 Feb.). CARDI also conducted the second session of "Facilitation Skills Training" that involved 13 trainees from these communities from 19 to 20 February (also see Sitrep No. 111 for the period of 10-17 Jan.).

Starting this week, a youth team from communities on Ambon island where CARDI operates, has been involved in gathering basic data i.e. availability of facilities and services, accessibility, etc. from adolescents and adults.

Mercy Corps funded an LNGO, Yayasan Bara Sehe, to distribute school items (i.e. uniforms, books, teaching media and plywood) for 211 displaced children in South Buru sub-district.

Economic Recovery and Infrastructure

CARDI signed eleven contracts with local partners (LNGO and Community Committee) for implementing various services (i.e. Water and Sanitation, Economic Empowerment and Education) on Ambon island (covering Karang Panjang and Tawiri suburbs), West Seram district (covering Ahiolo and Waimital sub-district), Manipa islands and Kelang islands.

Mercy Corps funded an LNGO, Yayasan Pisgas Indostar, to rehabilitate IDPs shelters in Sahulau and Rumahlait villages in Masohi sub-district on Seram island.

Mercy Corps funded an LNGO, Yayasan Sejahtera Maluku, to distribute seeds and tools for IDPs in Wailiha sub village on Ambon island.

Mercy Corps funded an LNGO, Yayasan Hasan Soleman, to rehabilitate IDPs’ shelters in Waimolong sub-village, Waisane sub-village and Hitu Messing village on Ambon island.

Mercy Corps funded an LNGO, Koperasi Serba Usaha Bina Usaha Kecil, to build shelter for returnees in Batu Merah Amantelu suburb in Ambon City.

Mercy Corps funded a LNGO, Yayasan Learisa Kayeli, to build a giob (traditional fishing boat) equipped with a motor engine and nets to support communities in Haruku and Sameth villages on Haruku island.

5.NORTH MALUKU

General Situations

The Head of the Provincial Kesbanglinmas (Kesatuan Pengembangan Perlindungan Masyarakat) office informed that the President has approved the bill of the division of new districts in North Maluku province and has issued a Government Regulation. All new districts are now preparing the inauguration of their respective area. Meanwhile, the Governor of North Maluku has received several names as caretaker for the new districts proposed by the Host Districts (North Maluku district, Central Halmahera district, and Ternate municipality). These names will be communicated later to the Minister of Internal Affairs. The duty of the caretaker will be setting up the administration of the respective district, as well as to monitor and assist the election of definitive Bupati.

Food Security and Agriculture

FAO completed identification of the beneficiaries of its fishing equipment assistance. There will be some 208 beneficiaries in Pune and Mamuya villages of Galela sub-district, Luari village in Tobelo sub-district, Sosol and Tomabaru villages of Kao sub-district and Dufa-dufa village of Ternate City. FAO also identified materials that can be purchased locally and local carpenters to make boats. The construction of the boats will start soonest by mid March 2003.

Health

IMC continued its health service and mobile clinics in Kao-Malifut, Tobelo, Galela, Bere-Bere, Daruba, and Rao Island sub-districts and treated 456 patients.

IMC continued rehabilitation of seven polindes and three pustu in Tobelo and Galela sub-districts.

Water and Sanitation

CARDI conducted two-day water and sanitation training for Community Based Organisations (CBOs) in Bacan sub-districts.

Shelter and Non- Food Items

WVI monitored its Roofing Kit project in South Jailolo sub-district on 13 February 2003.

WVI socialized its Housing Kit programme in Ori Bale, Soatabaru, Roko, Limau, Lalonga, and Bobisingo villages of Galela sub-district on 13 February 2003 and identified beneficiaries in Wayabula, Tiley Raja, Tiley Pantai, Aru Irian and Pilowo villages of South Morotai and Western South Morotai sub-districts on 13 February 2003.

Education

WVI distributed "Harmonis" magazine developed through its Magazine Production programme to Galela sub-district on 13 February (covering SD Inpres Ori Bale), Kao sub-district from 14 to 15 February (covering SD Inpres Kusu, SD Negeri Kao and SDM Inpres Kao), and Tobelo sub-district on 17 February (covering SD Inpres, SD GMIH Gamhoku, SD Inpres Popilo and SD Inpres Mede)

SC UK completed a "Teacher Training Workshop" in Tobelo and Galela sub-districts from 3 to 11 February. A total of 27 teachers from ten schools from both sub-district participated in the training. During the training, SC UK distributed 27 activity boxes and 40 teaching and learning material kits. SC UK staff also visited all teachers involved in the training to support them in giving the lessons.

CARDI conducted "Peer Educator Training" that was part of its Youth Programme from 17 to 22 February. Some 60 peer-educators from Jailolo, Sahu, and Ibu sub-districts participated in the training that covers the following topics: child and youth development; ethics, behaviour, and attitudes; convention of the child rights; conflict management; peace education; the role of the peace educator in the youth programme and her/his responsibilities; leadership skills; life skills that includes listening, communication, perception and empathy; concept of do no harm; tolerance in term of ethnic, religion, and gender.

Economic Recovery and Infrastructure

WVI distributed building materials for implementation of its infrastructure project in Galela sub-district on 14 February (covering Ori Bale and Igobula villages) and South Jailolo sub-district on 13 to 14 February (covering Akesahu, Rioribati, and Dormato villages). WVI also monitored the same project in Soatabaru, Samuda, Roko, Limau, Lalonga, and Bobisingo villages of Galela sub-district from 13 to 14 February.

UNDP monitored construction of 160 houses in South Jailolo sub-district (covering Tataleka, Domate and Gamlenge villages) and Jailolo sub-district (covering Todowongi, Bukumatiti, Soakonora/Jati, Mutui/Guaria and Hokuhokukie villages). This programme is a complement to the government’s housing assistance for returnees and it is planned to build a total of 520 houses.

6. PAPUA

Population Movement

A local newspaper, Cenderawasih Pos, reported on Wednesday (19 Feb.) that the remaining 1,000 IDPs from Maluku and North Maluku in Biak came to the district parliament office in order to acquire information on the latest arrangements for them to return to Maluku. The IDPs also complained about the poor management of distribution of assistance done by relevant authorities.

Assessment

UNICEF staff from Papua and Jakarta conducted a visit to Wamena from 11 to 14 February for an assessment and a workshop on peace-building which involved various local groups from the government authorities, religion groups, and NGOs in Wamena, Jayawijaya district.

Food Security and Agriculture

Distribution of food supply to disaster areas in Jayawijaya district still poses a logistic challenge to local authorities in Wamena as the only way to transport food to the affected areas is by air. Head of District Social Welfare Office in Wamena stated to the press on Tuesday (18 Feb.) that his office was trying another way by offering money to the people so that the affected people could buy food from their neighbouring villages. This idea, as reported by Cenderwasih Pos on Thursday (20 Feb.), caused strong protests from Letinus Yikwa (Gab.), Piet Daisu (PDKB), and Yulianus Woisimon (PDIP), MPs of the district parliament in Wamena.

Cenderawasih Pos reported on Wednesday (19 Feb.) that the flood in Hidup Baru village, SP 7, Tanah Miring, Merauke district had destroyed 100 hectares of rice fields. Local media also reported from Wamena that crops and plantations in some sub-districts in Jayawijaya district have been destroyed due to heavy rain falls, floods, and landslides.

Education

Provincial Office of Education and Teaching is recruiting teachers for kindergartens to senior high schools on a 3 to 5 year term contract. Cenderawasih Pos reported on Wednesday (19 Feb.) that office of Education and Teaching in Timika is recruiting candidates in order to get 174 teachers to be placed in schools in remote sub-districts.

Due to the floods, the school in Tanah Miring, Merauke District halts all education activities for a week now (20 Feb.).

Economy Recovery And Infrastructure

The Cenderawasih Pos reported on Saturday (15 Feb.) that a team of Netherlands Management Cooperation Program (NMCP) from the Netherlands, headed by E.J. Goldschmidt, would be in Merauke for a three-month survey on agriculture (rice field) irrigation, covering 300-400 hectares of rice plantation. This Dutch government funded programme aims at repairing installations previously set up there when Papua was under Dutch administration.

A team from USAID had an official visit to District Government in FakFak and extended discussion with local authorities on developing community empowerment programmes. This is an implementation of MoU formerly signed by USAID and the district of FakFak, Sorong, and Manokwari. Cenderawasih Pos reported that this programme would also be supported by BP (British/Beyond Petroleum), the liquid natural gas company, operating in the area.

Others

Head of Office of UNICEF Papua, Kiyoshi Nakamitsu, signed a cooperation agreement with Provincial Government of Papua (represented by Mr Howay Head of BP3D) on launching the District Plan 2003 as a cooperation programme of the two institutions, covering issues related to mother, children, health, and education to be implemented in five districts: Jayawijaya, Sorong, Manokwari, Biak Numfor, and Jayapura.

ACF Action Contre la Faim
Bakornas PBP National Coordinating Board for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees
Brimob Police Mobile Brigade
Bulog National Logistics Agency
CWS Church World Service
GAM Free Aceh Movement
GoRI Government of Indonesia
CARDI Consortium for Assistance to Refugees and the Displaced in Indonesia
CORDAID Catholic Organisation for Relief and Development
HDC Henry Dunant Center
ICMC International Catholic Migration Commission
IMC International Medical Corps
IDP Internally displaced person
IRD International Relief and Development
JRS Jesuit Refugee Service
JSC Joint Security Committee
Komnas HAM National Commission on Human Rights
Kopassus Army's Special Force
Kostrad Army's Strategic Reserve Command
MSF-B Medecins sans Frontieres Belgium
MCK Combined Bathing, Washing and Latrine Facility
OPM Free Papua Organisation
PMI Indonesian Red Cross
Poliandes Field Health Post
Posyandu Integrated health service
Puskesmas Primary health centre
Pustu Primary health unit
Satkorlak PBP Provincial Coordinating Unit for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees
Satlak PBP District Executing Unit for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees
SC US Save the Children US
TNI Indonesian Armed Forces
WVI World Vision International

This report and previous ones can be found at www.reliefweb.int

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