Indonesia - OCHA Consolidated Situation Report No. 102

Situation Report
Originally published
9 November - 15 November 2002

The Jakarta Post reported on Thursday (14 Nov.) that with the wet season approaching, officials at the city administration have repeatedly said that they are not able to overcome a risk of flooding. In the next wet season that will reach its peak in January and February 2003, the officials can only focus on how to minimise the economic losses and provide food and medicine for the potential flood victims. The City Public Work Agency has spent approximately IDR 224 billion this year in flood prevention measures, such as improving street drainage, yet the agency could only improve conditions in five of the 78 areas that are prone to flooding.

Mt. Papandayan in the sub-district of Cisurupan in West Java erupted on Tuesday (12 Nov.) at noon forcing 2,184 people to be evacuated to safer areas. Lava threatened five sub-districts of Pangumbuhan, Pakuwon, Sirnajaya, Cipaganti and Sirnagalih at the foot of Mt. Papandayan on Monday (11 Nov.). Families began fleeing to mosques, high schools, sports halls, and other public facilities. Food was provided by local authorities and assistance has been brought in from the Provincial Government in Bandung. The Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) Garut Chapter is on the ground, and the Provincial Government of West Java in Bandung will bring in a medical team if necessary. Communication is kept through the Community Radio Frequency (Orari).

2. ACEH (Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam)

General Situation

No human casualties were reported during the week.

The local media reported that the Coordinating Minister for Political and Security Affairs travelled to East Aceh and South Aceh from 12 to 13 November to conduct an open discussion and socialisation of the government's peace efforts with local parliament members, community leaders, religious scholars, student groups and NGOs.

A local newspaper, Serambi, reported that two detained foreigners, who were in police custody, were surrendered to the Provincial District attorney on Friday (8 Nov.) for further proceedings.

The local media reported Indonesian Military would continue to siege GAM headquarters in areas of Nisam sub-district, North Aceh, until a peace agreement is reached by the deadline given. If the agreement could not be reached in time, an immediate military strike would be conducted against GAM. Meanwhile, Indonesian Commander, Endriartono Sutarto, stated that the military has agreed to accept international security monitors to assist the peace process in Aceh. It was specified that the international monitors do not represent the United Nations or its respective nations.

HDC spokesperson, William Dowell in a press conference in Banda Aceh confirmed that some international monitors have arrived in Banda Aceh. He stated that the monitoring team would be active in the field after the singing of the peace agreement.

Population Movement

JRS Aceh travelled to Lhok Nibong sub-district, North Aceh, from 8 to 11 November, to view the IDPs situation and provide food supplies to IDPs in the area. JRS reported that the IDPs had been requested to return to their villages but due to lack of funds and insecure livelihood, they were reluctant to go back.

A total of 183 families or 831 persons from Meunasah Krueng village (62 families/332 persons) and Blang Treuek village (121 families/498 persons) were reported to have been displaced to Keutapang village. These villages are located in Nisam Sub-district of North Aceh, where a number of GAM members and commanders have been surrounded by the TNI for the past few weeks. The local Camat (sub-district Administrator) distributed food to the displaced. Extra food and shelter materials are needed.

It is reported that there has been an increase in displacements in Aceh within the past week due to extensive military operations to siege GAM headquarters in North Aceh.


WHO is continuing its training on "Health Workers and Conflict" for 21 doctors in Banda Aceh from 14 to 17 November.

From 13 to 15 November, WHO conducted training for health workers to conduct quantitative survey of mental health. This data would be used to design projects on community based mental health.

SC US is in the process of setting up a Community Health Board in Tangse sub-district, an organised community based function for the improvement of public health services in the area.


UNICEF provided 10 "School in the Box" to assist damaged and destroyed schools after the earthquake in Simeulue Island.

UNICEF textbooks arrived in Banda Aceh on Wednesday (13 Nov.) and they will be distributed to some 79 rebuilt elementary schools throughout the province through the Provincial Education Department.


CARDI is currently revising proposals of its partners for the livelihood project. CARDI travelled to Bireuen from 6 to 8 November and to Central Aceh from 10 to 13 November to meet partners and view selected sites targeted for the livelihood programme.


OCHA supported a workshop carried out by the Provincial Government on "Disaster Management" to establish "Standard Operational Procedure (SOP) on Emergency Preparedness for Natural Disasters" (fire, earthquake, floods, and IDPs). The Vice-Governor of NAD opened the workshop. Some 60 participants from Bakornas (National Coordination Board), Satkorlak (Provincial Coordination Board), Satlak (District Coordination Board), heads of provincial departments, the UN and international agencies took part in the workshop.

PBI this week is travelling to North Aceh to search for suitable premises to open an office in Lhok Seumawe.


General Situation

The police confirmed this week that a public servant was shot dead in Poso on Thursday (7 Nov.). There are no reports on increased tension in the area by this incident.

The provincial government confirmed this week that its programmes to support IDPs return, resettlement or local empowerment will be extended to July 2003. Although more than 11,000 households (about 50,000 persons) have received assistances, there are 17,000 more still waiting similar support.

Local newspapers reported that there is an ongoing fire in the Lore Lindu National Park, which reportedly has damaged thousands of hectares of the forest.


A joint ECHO/CARE mission visited Central Sulawesi from 13 to 15 November. The mission held a meeting with Provincial and District Authorities, as well as OCHA. It also visited IDP-camps and IDPs return areas, where ECHO/CARE's funded projects will be implemented.

Food security

Mercy Corps has approved two project proposals (from Yayasan Pekurehua and Yayasan Tadulako) for the distribution of seeds and tools in Poso District. The organisations will distribute seeds and tools to the conflict affected communities in the villages of Watumaeta, Maholo, Tamadue,Wanga and Watutau in Lore Utara sub-district; Betue and Talabosa, in North Lore sub-district; and Rompo and Torire in Central Lore sub-district. Target groups include vulnerable families from IDPs or local host community. The project is expected to reach about 477 households. Items to be distributed include hoes, sickles and rubber boots.


IMC operated a mobile clinic in Kalora, Poso Pesisir, on Thursday (14 Nov.). From a total of 111 patients being treated, 44 were children under 5, and 38 were women over 15 years (three of them were pregnant). The team also held an IEC (Intensive Educational Campaign) for 67 participants at the same place focusing on diarrhoea and antenatal care.

Water and Sanitation

Mercy Corps has approved three water/sanitation projects in Poso and Morowali Districts. The projects will be implemented by Yayasan Panorama Alam Lestari (YPAL), Yayasan Pembangunan Masyarakat (YPM) and Yayasan Dian Wacana. It will provide water intakes in Sepe, Silanca (Poso) and Peleru (Morowali). More than 1,200 households are expected to benefit from a total of 39 water distribution points in the three villages.

Shelter and non-food items

Mercy Corps approved a project proposal from Yayasan Tanah Poso, which will include non-food items (pans, cups and spoons) to 41 households whose houses were burned in Matako village (Tojo sub district). In addition, it will distribute 60 litre water containers and agriculture tools such as hoes and sickles to 557 households, as well as 26 hand sprayers to farmer groups in Matako.


General Situation

A source from Maluku Governor's office stated on Monday (11 Nov.) that the Home Ministry decided to extend the service of Mr. Saleh Latuconsina as Governor of the Province for one more month. The source also said that an extension of another one-month would be considered after the expiration.

According to a local newspaper, Siwalima, on Wednesday (13 Nov.), Maluku's Chief of Police, Brigadier General (Police) Bambang Sutrisno hosted 802 members of Mobile Police Patrol (BRIMOB), who just arrived in Maluku from Jakarta, Bali, East Nusa Tenggara, Manado and Kendari. The new troops will replace the current force that is expected to leave the province by 13 November.

Population movement

According to local newspaper, Siwalima, on Wednesday (13 Nov.), the Indonesian Navy Commander, Letkol Buyung Lalana, who is in charge of the Navy Complex at Halong (Ambon Island), confirmed that there are currently 6,124 IDPs in Halong camp and further arrivals would be expected. He also said that the return process of the IDPs have to be based on the government policy and should maintain regular coordination with the government.


A MSF-B medical team is conducting consultation, treatment and health assessment in South Buru. While in Ambon, it is conducting mental health and skin disease assessment during this week. Following last week's earthquake, a team from Maluku has also been sent to Manokwari (Papua) to give medical assistance. According to its preliminary report, more than 13,000 people are affected by the disaster and urgent assistance, such as clean water and shelter, is required.

A Mercy Corps' team has left Ambon for South Buru from 14 to 20 November, to monitor and assess water and sanitation projects in several villages, as well as to conduct a preliminary monitoring of a school rehabilitation project in Wamkana in the same area.


From 14 to 16 November, IMC in cooperation with the Provincial Health Department is conducting a workshop on "Standardization of Training Materials for Midwives, Community Health Workers (CHWs) and Traditional Birth Attendants (TBAs)". The workshop is attended by 35 participants from four districts (Central Maluku, South East Maluku, NTB and Buru), as well as representatives from local NGOs and International organisations.

Health consultation and treatment conducted by IMC medical staff in a medical boat called "The Srikandi" have just completed. Large numbers of patients in Buru district (192) and Seram Island (918) were examined.

In cooperation with BKKBN (Family Planning Department), UNFPA conducted a two-day orientation workshop (from 13 to 14 November) for BKKBN's local and provincial staff, as well as district level health staff.

Mercy Corps funded "The Indonesian Mid-wives Association" to hold public health training for 40 midwives in Kairatu and Piru sub-districts of Seram Island.

According to a local newpaper, Ambon Ekspres, on Monday (4 Nov.), Maluku Government is planning to execute a programme named "Healthy Maluku by 2010" supported by WHO. The Maluku Government is going to conduct several health seminars, in which all health representatives from sub-district to Provincial level will participate.


Mercy Corps funded a local NGO, Yayasan Semarak, to distribute stationary to 300 returnees' students in 3 villages in Seram Island.

Economic Recovery and Infrastructure

In cooperation with the local Government and a local NGO, Yayasan Lelemuku, WFP conducted a "Food for Work" programme by building a shelter for IDPs from Buru Island who are residing in Halong camp in Ambon Island. The IDPs are living in a shelter that is still under construction. The programme is expected to benefit about 300 families.

Mercy Corps and a local NGO funded a one-day workshop on "The Development of Potential Resources Under the Era of Decentralisation". The workshop was organised by the Maluku Consortium Development Fund (a group of 10 local NGOs) on Saturday (9 Nov.) and was attended by representatives from Government departments, NGOs and private sector. The workshop produced a twelve-point recommendations to support peace and development in Maluku.

Mercy Corps conducted training for 35 Southeast Maluku's local NGOs on "Internal Financial and Administrative Controls" from 14 to 15 November.


On Thursday (14 Nov.), WFP opened a temporary field sub-office in Ambon with a local staff in charge. WFP's main activity will be supporting the distribution of the Government's food aid for returning IDPs and vulnerable in the community.


General Situation

The acting Governor, S.H. Sarundajang, announced on Wednesday (13 Nov.) that the Minister of Home Affairs would make an official announcement soon on the appointment of the next Governor. He confirmed that he would relinquish his position in a few weeks after successfully completing his mandate to improve the provincial administration, which include the establishment of the new districts and sub-districts in the province, as well as to oversee the gubernatorial elections. A local newspaper, Nimbar Kieraha, reported on Friday (15 Nov.) that Thaib Armaiyan and Drs Majid Abdullah would be installed as the new Governor and Vice Governor respectively on Friday (22 Nov.).

The acting Governor, S. H. Sarundajang on Friday (15 Nov.) appointed Drs. Nur Djauhari as the acting Bupati of Central Halmahera District replacing Drs. Musa Bardun, the Bupati who has also been the acting Provincial Secretary since February 2002.

Population Movements

The Governor announced on Wednesday (13 Nov.) that he has requested for additional funds from the Central Government to return another 3,000 families from North Sulawesi to North Maluku before the end of December 2002.

Reports have been received that about 300 Christian families have returned to Ternate over the last few weeks. OCHA has interviewed some of the returnees who appear to be mostly businessmen who claim that they returned from Manado on their own but have received financial support of Rp. 250,000 each from the Government. All are staying with relatives and friends in Ternate.

OCHA Ternate will accompany a Government delegation to Manado and Bitung from 19 to 20 November to meet and discuss IDP's concerns for returning to Ternate.

Food Security and Agriculture

WVI conducted socialization activities for the fishery assistance programme in Sambiki Village, South Morotai sub-district.


The Provincial Health Department with funding from WHO/EHA (Emergency and Humanitarian Action) conducted a malaria and sanitation training course for puskesmas health staff in North Maluku from 28 October to 2 November.

IMC continued their health services and mobile clinics in Kao, Tobelo, Galela, and Daruba, and treated over 449 patients.

Central Halmahera District held a ceremony on Tuesday (12 Nov.) to welcome back 16 Christian health workers from Manado to their previous posts. The workers also received a medical kit and Rp. 3,000,000 livelihood incentive from WHO and UNDP.

Water and Sanitation

AcF continued to monitor their water and sanitation projects in 13 villages and conducted health sessions on water and sanitation in 5 villages in East Gane sub-district.

Shelter and Non- Food Items

WVI distributed roofing kit assistance to Pangeo, Loleo, and Leata and Tenga villages in North Morotai.

CORDAID this week signed MOUs with two local NGOs, IKATAMA and LPMP for the construction of 15 houses each in Sosol, Malifut and Peot Villages in Sahu.


UNICEF monitored its 'School in a Box' project in selected schools in Tobelo, Malifut and Kao. It also attended part of a booster workshop in Tobelo on peace education programme for youths and teachers conducted by its implementing partner ARTI from 13 to 14 November. UNICEF also finalised the proposal from the Department of Education for teacher training and procurement of teaching tools programme.


The first part of a media workshop for local journalists was completed in Ternate from 13 to 14 November. The workshop was organised by OCHA and the Kharirun University, Ternate, and funded by USAID - Office of Conflict and Prevention. It is aimed at raising awareness and increasing the commitment of the media in the reconciliation and peace process in North Maluku, to improve the relations between the media, Government and security apparatus, as well as to encourage journalists to focus more on IDPs and humanitarian issues. The acting Governor, S. H. Sarundajang officiated at the opening and participated in the first session of the workshop.


General Situation

The House of Representatives (DPR) on Monday (11 Nov.) endorsed a bill on the formation of 14 new regencies in Papua as part of a plan to divide the province into three provincial administrations. The 14 new regencies are Karmi, Kerom, South Sorong, Raja Ampat, Pegunungan Bintang, Yahokimo, Tolikara, Waropen, Kaimana, Boven Digul, Mappi, Asmat, Teluk Bintuni, and Teluk Mondama.

The Jakarta Post reported on Thursday (Nov 14.), that an Indonesian Military (TNI) investigation team has arrived in Papua to probe the deaths of two Americans and an Indonesian near Freeport mine last August.

Selected Abbreviations Key

ACF Action Contre la Faim
Bakornas PBP National Coordinating Board for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees
Brimob Police Mobile Brigade
Bulog National Logistics Agency
CWS Church World Service
GAM Free Aceh Movement
CARDI Consortium for Assistance to Refugees and the Displaced in Indonesia
CORDAID Catholic Organisation for Relief and Development
ICMC International Catholic Migration Commission
IMC International Medical Corps
IDP Internally displaced person
IRD International Relief and Development
JRS Jesuit Refugee Service
Komnas HAM National Commission on Human Rights
Kopassus Army's Special Force
Kostrad Army's Strategic Reserve Command
MSF-B Medecins sans Frontieres Belgium
MCK Combined Bathing, Washing and Latrine Facility
OPM Free Papua Organisation
PMI Indonesian Red Cross
Polindes Field Health Post
Posyandu Integrated health service
Puskesmas Primary health centre
Pustu Primary health unit
Satkorlak PBP Provincial Coordinating Unit for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees
Satlak PBP District Executing Unit for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees
SC US Save the Children US
TNI Indonesian Armed Forces
WVI World Vision International

This report and previous ones can be found at

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