Indonesia + 1 more

Indonesia - OCHA Consolidated Situation Report No. 101

Situation Report
Originally published
2 November - 8 November 2002

Aceh Earthquake

The Meteorology and Geophysics Agency (BMG) reported an earthquake on Saturday (2 Nov.). The epicentre was approximately 120km southwest of Tapaktuan in the province of Aceh (with a magnitude of 5.5 on the Richter Scale). The epicentre was at 2.98 North and 96.01 East, with a depth of 43km. The earthquake was felt in Tapaktuan, Meunaboh, Singkil, Banda Aceh and Lhokseumawe in Aceh, as well as Medan and Belawan in North Sumatra. The worst affected area is the District of Simuelue island, Aceh.

The Government report dated Sunday (3 Nov.) stated 2 people killed, 11 severe injuries, and 43 mild injuries. It was reported 6,804 people were displaced temporarily, however approximately 92% of them have returned to their homes although remaining outside of their homes in case of aftershocks, as reported on Thursday (7 Nov.) by ICRC.

ICRC Banda Aceh with PMI Aceh has conducted an initial assessment and has been providing relief assistance on site since Saturday (2 Nov.).

On Thursday (7 Nov.), the Vice-Governor stated that urgent needs for the affected people are shelter material, blankets, sleeping mats, sleeping bags, family tents, food for children and oxygen cylinders for medical use.

The District Government of Simeulue Government of Indonesia has provided the following assistance: 6,000kg of rice, 420 boxes of Instant Noodles, 300 eggs, 600kg of sugar, 850 packets of coffee. The Provincial Government of Aceh provided the following assistance: 2,000kg of rice, 2 bags of medicine, 1 Oxygen concentrator, 1,000 boxes of instant noodles, 9,900 eggs, 400kg of cooking oil. And TNI Commander for Aceh contributed the following assistance: 2,000kg of rice, 500 boxes of instant noodles.

The Vice Governor informed that a boat from the Provincial Government would be sent on Friday (8 Nov.) to the District Island of Simeulue to deliver relief items.

Papua Earthquake

Based on consultation with the Health Depot (Dinas Kesehatan) District/Province, UNICEF Papua has distributed 42 medical kits containing basic drugs and equipment for treatment of common child/maternal illness, including malaria, diarrhea diseases, and acute respiratory infection (ARI) to the earthquake victims targeted for Ransiki, Prafi, Warmare, and Mani sub-districts. Also, 500 sachets of ORS will be provided together with the kits. The distribution was conducted under the coordination between UNICEF Manokwari and Dinas Kesehatan District/Province.

Freeport Indonesia provided emergency assistance on Tuesday (5 Nov.) consisting of 10MT rice, and 200 boxes of instant noodles to the people affected by the earthquake. The assistance was passed on to the Satlak Coordinator of Manokwari.

El Nino

In Papua, as reported by WFP through their El Nino Bulletin of Thursday (7 Nov.), the impact of El Nino is particularly marked in the highlands where villages food security relies on one single crop, which is sweet potato. El Nino is inducing increased frost incidence over highland regions, which can endanger production.

2. ACEH (Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam)

General Situation

According to local media, at least 6 civilians were killed in the province during the week.

An earthquake measuring 5.5 on the Richter Scale struck Simeulue Island, Aceh on Saturday (2 Nov.) at 08.25 hours, causing two people killed, 11 severely wounded and 43 others mild injured. The quake also destroyed some 400 homes and resulted in a displacement of 7,000 settlers located in Sinabang Capital city. The government estimated damages amounting to Rp. 54 billion. (see also NATURAL DISASTER section)

The signing of a peace agreement between GAM and GoRI has been postponed until after Eid-el- Fitri. GAM requested more time to review the proposed draft document relating to normal police function and procedures for disarming of GAM weapons.

Population Movement

JRS Aceh travelled to Gampong Gajah village, Mutiara sub-district, Pidie, to view the situation of the IDPs from Central Aceh, to distribute agriculture supplies and to provide capital support for income generating activities for the IDPs.


OCHA and UNICEF conducted a joint mission from 2 to 5 November, to view the situation of IDPs and to visit a number of schools in North Sumatra and East Aceh. The mission conducted several meetings with the Vice Governor of North Sumatra, Officials of the North Sumatra Education Department, Bupati of East Aceh and the Head of Education Department for East and North Aceh.


WHO has opened an office in Aceh. It will initially focus on developing projects in Community Based Mental Health Services by carrying out a survey on mental health in Aceh. The data resulted from the survey will be used to develop project plan. In addition, WHO will be commencing several projects to support Reproductive Health Services, Outbreak Surveillance and Response.

WHO is conducting a training on "Health Workers and Conflict" from 8 to 13 November, for 30 nurses and midwives in Banda Aceh, who represent various districts. The training is aimed at providing a forum for health workers to discuss issues affecting delivery of health services, as well as support for health workers. The training is part of its "Health as a Bridge for Peace" program.

SC US conducted a Basic Posyandu Training for Trainers (TOT) for selected 20 health volunteers from Tangse, Lamteuba & Lampanah sub-districts from 21 to 23 October, to improve participant's teaching skills and knowledge on immunization, nutrition, breast feeding, growth monitoring, health education and sanitation.

SC US organized a Health Intervention Planning Workshop in Banda Aceh from 24 to 26 October, to develop a local Community Health Board model for some 47 participants representing Tangse community and sub-district authorities.

SC US this week is continuing an on-going Community Volunteer training prepared for 210 participants to run psychosocial activities for children and youth in their villages. Activities for children have been implemented in 61 villages. Another two groups, estimated to some 60 participants, would also be trained within the next two weeks.


UNICEF distributed 10 emergency school tents on Thursday (7 Nov.), in order to provide assistance to schools damaged caused by earthquakes that struck Simeulue Island on Saturday (2 Nov.).

During a mission to North Aceh District, OCHA/UNICEF distributed some stationary to students in Lhoknibong sub-district, East Aceh district. The stationary was a donation from students of Mossgiel Park Primary School, Melbourne.

Economic Recovery and Infrastructure

ICMC reported that its vocational training and economic inputs programme for female-headed households (FHH) ended as of 31 October. For the past two months, ICMC has provided vocational trainings to 300 FHH and income generating items to 200 FHH. They have received funding to continue the programme for another five months.


CARDI and Local Partners travelled to Samalanga sub-district, Bireuen, from 4 to 6 November, to monitor its project sites.


CARDI Resettlement Programme ended on 31 October, in which a total of 1,122 beneficiaries received income generating support in the form of farming, agriculture and home industries supplies and materials for 12 communities throughout Pidie, Bireuen and Aceh Utara Districts.

Women and Youth empowerment

In this week, SC US conducted a Community Mobilization TOT (Training of Trainers) in Tangse, Lamteuba and Lampanah sub-district, Pidie and Great Aceh. Twenty selected community volunteers learned participatory methodology used in community mobilization.

SC US implemented the second phase of skills training, rattan processing and furniture making, for women and youth in Pulo Aceh sub-district, Great Aceh.


General Situation

The Central Sulawesi Police Chief, Brig. Gen. Ridha Saleh, requested political support from the Central Sulawesi parliament members to extend the security recovery operation in Poso district in a hearing with the parliament on Thursday (7 Nov.). As quoted in local newspaper, Nuansa Pos, the police chief said that even if the Poso condition is conducive, the recovery operation is still required for the next two years.

The Head of Poso District inaugurated the Community Awareness Forum (FKM) at Podi village, Tojo sub-district this week. The forum's steering committee reached an 8 points of agreement on return, Government assistance and respect for religious rituals. As quoted in local newspaper, Radar Sulteng, the Head of District said that he was disappointed by the fact that only two Christians attended the meeting.


A Mercy Corps team has just finished a pre-monitoring of Water Sanitation proposals, which were received from local NGOs in Sepe, Silanca, Petridongi, Tankura, and Kalora. Proposals covering Seeds and tools, Non-food items and economic empowerment were examined in Kamba, Matako, Poso Kota, Tegalrejo and Kauwa. These proposals will be considered for funding before reaching the end of Nov.

Food Security and Agriculture

As quoted by local newspapers this week, Kimpraswil (Department of Regional Infrastucture and Settlement) said that at least 5,000 ha of rice fields in Central Sulawesi are in danger of harvest fail following the long dry season. Most of these fields depend on river irrigation. The paper also said that Kimpraswil has prepared adequate stock for 2.3 million people in Central Sulawesi for the next eight months period.

This week, a Mercy Corps team visited Napu Valley for two days to monitor Seeds & Tools projects that are operated by its three local partners. As the result of the monitoring, the team received a proposal from the partners to expand their coverage area to 14 villages. The partners have coordinated their responsibilities in the geographical coverage, as well as coordinated types of assistance required from community and government.

Between 29 - 31 October, CWS distributed 223 MT of rice, 35 MT of red beans, and 12,305 litres of vegetables oil in Poso Pesisir, Poso Kota, Lage and North Pamona.


IMC started up a new Poso team on Monday (4 Nov.). The team will re-establish contacts with authorities and communities, distribute surveys and run mobile clinics.

Four IMC mobile clinics in Poso Kota and North Pamona have treated a total of 612 patients comprising of 260 women under 15 years old (15 pregnant) and 152 children under 5 years old. In addition, 147 children under 6 years have received anti-worm tablets. 11 government health staffs have assisted in the clinic. IMC also conducted four IEC (Intensive Educational Campaign) sessions on antenatal care, diarrhoea and immunization, which were attended by 522 participants. IMC has also given a three hours information session on reproductive health issues to 340 students (14 to 18 years old) and 12 teachers in Tentena.

Water and Sanitation

Between 28 October - 2 November, CWS distributed materials for water supply and sanitation facilities such as MCKs to 10 villages in Poso Pesisir, North Pamona and Mori Atas.


General Situation

On Saturday (2 Nov.), at about 9 pm local time, an unidentified sniper shot and killed one person and wounded two (one has died of injuries sustained) on Sudirman road, Galunggung, a suburb of Ambon City. Police investigations are in progress and no motive for the violence has been established nor has any arrest so far been made.

According to local press, Ambon Ekspres, during 4 to 6 November, a passenger boat "KM Masohi Star" suspected to have over 200 passengers on board, destined for Masohi port on Seram Island, sank off Ambon City port of Slamet Riyadi on Sunday evening (3 Nov.). Over 63 people are known to have died and 123 survivors received medical attention in the City's hospitals during the week.


A Mercy Corps team is monitoring on-going fisheries and water and sanitation projects on Haruku, as well as water and sanitation projects on Saparua Islands, in Maluku Province from 6 - 8 November.

Early in the week MSF-B conducted health assessments in Wainuru Ujung Batu, Puskesmas Tulehu and Tulehu hospital and in IDP camps at Gudang cement Tengah-Tengah and Pasir Panjang, all on Ambon Island. Medical consultations were also provided. No extraordinary health situation was noticed.


MSF B conducted 499 consultations through its mobile clinic programme (four clinics covered Mountain, Paso, Salahutu and Sea camps) for IDPs in Ambon Island throughout the week. The organisation also donated (unspecified quantity) drugs and material to Puskesmas Negeri Lima, Telehu, Ampera hospital.

IMC doctors conducted 120 consultations in three villages in Waemulang on Buru Island. In Seram Island, IMC doctors conducted 63 consultations in Taniwel Village, 255 consultations in Tehoru Village, 38 consultations in Wahai Village, 115 consultations, and 226 consultations in Masohi hospital through mobile clinic in the Town. On Saturday (2 Nov) 2002, IMC doctor worked together with six doctors from Ambon to provide free medication to patients in Mashi on the occasion of Masohi Anniversary.

IMC medical boat (The Srikandi) staff provided medical services and health assessment on Kelang Island of west Seram from 31 October to 4 November 2002. In Tunujaya village the team was informed by the village head that out of 169 patients 117 had malaria and during August to October and that there were 14 related fatalities.


CARDI have identified six sites (Pohon manga, Wayame, Halong, Paso, Hila and Tulehu) on Ambon Island for vocational training of children and youths. Total expected beneficiary is expected to be about 4,000 people from the community.

Economic Recovery and Infrastructure

Mercy Corps is funding a local partner to distribute seeds and tools to 60 returnee families in KM 12 (local name of a location) in Amahai sub-district on Seram Island.


UNDP Maluku Recovery Program has established a temporary office on Friday (1 Nov) in Ambon City and recruitment for program and administrative staff is proceeding. Telephone contact for the office are +62 911 344272 and +62 911 344273.

Mercy Corps is funding a consortium of local Muslim and Christian NGOs to organise and host Buka Puasa (breaking of the fast) during the month of Ramadan at the NGO Community Centre in Ambon City. The function will be held every Tuesday and significant local figures, such as the Mayor, the military and Police division commander and over 100 local NGO representatives will participate.

UNICEF is establishing a liaison unit in Buru and Saumlaki Islands of Maluku province to improve quality of UNICEF activities in the districts. These units will be headed by national UNICEF staff members.


General Situation

The Provincial DPRD has reported the results of the recent gubernatorial elections to the Central Government and are now waiting for the Government's approval of Thaib Armayn as the Governor and Madjid Abdullah as the Vice Governor.

Population Movements

On Monday (4 Nov.), the Ternate City Kesbanglinmas Office returned 473 people of 100 IDP families to Sukamaju village and 114 people of 25 families to Gorua village, both in Tobelo sub-district. The IDPs were from Ternate City.

Food Security and Agriculture

AcF continued monitoring the distribution of its FAO funded seeds and tools and income generating programmes in Loloda sub-district. In addition, it also continued their mapping activities.


An AcF team is leaving for Loloda sub-district this week to conduct health education sessions in various villages, which includes workshops and distribution of hygiene kits.

Shelter and Non- Food Items

WVI distributed roofing kits to 968 families in Jailolo and made preparations for further distribution to Gorago, Lusuo, Tawakili, Yao and Bido in North Morotai sub-district.

CORDAID reported that 310 sacks of cement and carpenter kits have been shipped to Talaga village Ibu sub-district for its housing project to be implemented by their local NGP partner, YBMS.


WVI monitored the construction of their ' Happy House' projects in 2 elementary schools in Malifut sub-district and held a coordination meeting for the preparation of a similar project in Galela sub-district.

Economic Recovery and Infrastructure

WVI monitored their Community Rehabilitation Project (CRP) II in Tobelo and Galela sub-districts.

UNDP has approved a total budget of Rp 4,150,000,000 (approximately USD 471,591) for the reconstruction of 520 houses in nine sub-districts in Jailolo, South Jailolo, Sahu, South Morotai, North Morotai, East Bacan, North Loloda, Loloda and West Gane sub-districts. The houses will be built by the Provincial Government. UNDP has also approved a total budget of USD 50,000 for the construction of a community market in Kupa-Kupa village, South Tobelo sub-district and rehabilitation of a bridge and a bus terminal in Tobelo sub-district.


In co-operation with Khairun University in Ternate, OCHA is going to conduct a workshop for 25 local Christian and Muslim journalists from 13 to 14 November, The workshop will also be attended by Government, military and community leaders. It will be funded by USAID-OCP in order to raise awareness and increase the commitment of the media in the reconciliation and peace process, as well as encourage greater media focus on humanitarian issues facing IDPs and returnees in the province.


General Situation

The Jakarta Post on Saturday (2 Nov.) reported that the appointment of the new Papua Police chief has met with opposition from Governor Jaap Salosa and local lawmakers, who say the selection process violated the special autonomy law that applies to the province. It is said that the appointment of Insp. Gen. Budi Utomow as the provincial police chief by National Police chief Ge. Da'i Bachtiar was not legitimate as it was not done in consultation with the Papua governor.

The Cendrawasih Pos on Monday (Nov 4.) reported that IDPs in Biak should be registered as refugees from North Maluku. Vice Chairman of District Parliament, stated that relevant government institutions should take necessary steps to register IDPs as permanent residents. For those who want to return to North Maluku it is reported to be the responsibility of the provincial government to take necessary steps.

A local newspaper, Cendrawasih Pos, reported that in the last three months 358 person have died of diseases: disentri amoeba, pneumonia and diarrhoea. Sub district head, Delius Wenda, reported via SSB radio that some villages are now in a worst condition and mortality rate increases, eg.: Sabin = 15, Irinding = 15, Okbivisil = 32 (of 50 sick), Tupolon = 18 (of 80 sick), Maksum = 17 (of 60 sick), and Ambisibil = 15 (of 30 sick).


General Situation

President of Timor Lorosae, Mr. Xanana Gusmao visited West Timor from 1 to 4 November. Accompanied by the Speaker of Timor Lorosae Parliament, the President met the Representatives of National Government, Provincial Government, Parliament members, and Military/Police Chiefs. Mr. Gusmao also held dialogue with thousands of refugees in Kupang, Kefa and Atambua, to encourage the refugees to return home.

Refugees from Kupang camps visited Provincial Parliament on Monday (4 Nov.), to ask for clarification on the fund from the Japanese government. They also visited office of District Head of Kupang on Wednesday (6 Nov.), to inquire the empowerment fund. In response, the District Head of Kupang, Ibrahim Medah, explained to them that the empowerment fund can only be made operational after the cessation clause is declared at the end of the year, when they will loose their status as refugees.

Population Movement

UNHCR Dili reported that 10 persons repatriated to East Timor from 1 to 7 November.

Food Security and Agriculture

Head of Animal Husbandry Office of East Sumba, Sili Wolu reported that many villagers' cattle died in the district following the long drought. This number is predicted to increase in the upcoming weeks. The office is actively persuading the villagers to improve the mechanism in facing the drought.

Deputy District Head of East Sumba, Ir. Emanuel Babu Eha, informed on Saturday (2 Nov.) that District Government is now mapping the areas that are facing food problems. This is an update of last year's exercise.

Recently, CWS and its implementing partner, Pancaran Kasih Foundation, distributed seeds to the villagers in West Amanuban sub-district in South Central Timor.

A team consisting of relevant Government departments is visiting some 215 villages in South Central Timor to asses the impact of the drought and to motivate the villagers to start preparing the land for the next planting season.

A local NGO, 'Independent Forum Conveying Community's Aspiration', reported that two villages (Mauloo and Lendareta) in Sikka, Flores, are facing food problem. The villagers are relying on the subsidized rice (RASKIN), which is not thoroughly distributed by the Government.

The Provincial Government of NTT through Social Department delivered livelihood package to about 92 households - twenty of them are locals - in Boneana resettlement site, Kupang, on Saturday (2 Nov.).

Selected Abbreviations Key

ACF Action Contre la Faim
Bakornas PBP National Coordinating Board for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees
Brimob Police Mobile Brigade
Bulog National Logistics Agency
CWS Church World Service
GAM Free Aceh Movement
CARDI Consortium for Assistance to Refugees and the Displaced in Indonesia
CORDAID Catholic Organisation for Relief and Development
ICMC International Catholic Migration Commission
IMC International Medical Corps
IDP Internally displaced person
IRD International Relief and Development
JRS Jesuit Refugee Service
Komnas HAM National Commission on Human Rights
Kopassus Army's Special Force
Kostrad Army's Strategic Reserve Command
MSF-B Medecins sans Frontieres Belgium
MCK Combined Bathing, Washing and Latrine Facility
OPM Free Papua Organisation
PMI Indonesian Red Cross
Polindes Field Health Post
Posyandu Integrated health service
Puskesmas Primary health centre
Pustu Primary health unit
Satkorlak PBP Provincial Coordinating Unit for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees
Satlak PBP District Executing Unit for the Management of Disaster and IDPs/Refugees
SC US Save the Children US
TNI Indonesian Armed Forces
WVI World Vision International

This report and previous ones can be found at

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