Indonesia: Java tsunami - too scared to go home
Many admit they did not see it coming but almost everyone vows they heard it.
"It roared, like a jet plane taking off," said Gandi, describing the ominous rumbling sound that interrupted an afternoon coffee break in a beachside café in this pretty little resort town on the southern coast of western Java.
Wall of black water
"I glanced out to sea in the direction of the noise and my heart stopped," recalled the 30-year-old repairman. "There was a huge wall of black water rushing right at me."
Gandi jumped instantly to his feet and, like everyone around him, began to run. "We all knew what it was," he said. "Everyone was screaming 'tsunami!'. There was a lot of panic, with people falling down and stumbling over each other."
As the massive wave, around five metres high, barreled toward Pangandaran's palm-fringed strip of golden beach, Gandi ran to his home, 300 metres from the seashore. He quickly gathered up his wife and two young sons and continued to run, heading inland for higher ground.
Beating the odds
"The water was right behind us," said Gandi's wife, Sri, 29. "I had my older boy, Ifan, (aged eight) by the hand. Gandi had Arga, who's only three, in his arms. Both the children were crying. The water started to lap around our legs. I don't know how we got away."
But Gandi and his family did manage to escape, beating the odds by outrunning the tsunami. They ran right through Pangandaran, crossed a belt of rice paddies behind the town and did not stop until they reached the hillside hamlet of Sukahurip, two kilometres from the sea and 400 metres above it.
A week after the tsunami struck western Java's coast on 17 July, Gandi and his wife and children were still in Sukahurip. "We're too scared to go home yet," he confessed.
For the time being, they are camped in Sukahurip's primary school, along with scores of others in a similar plight. All are existing on daily food rations distributed by the Indonesian Red Cross and supplied, in part, by WFP.
WFP was quick to respond to Indonesia's latest tsunami, dispatching two truckloads of micronutrient-enriched biscuits and noodles to the region the day after the giant waves struck a 180 kilometre stretch of Java's southern coastline.
The same day, 6.5 tons of biscuits and 2.3 tons of noodles were distributed to 23,000 tsunami victims.
Over the longer term, WFP is planning a one-month distribution of supplementary food aid to some 25,000 people in the six hardest-hit areas in and around Pangandaran. More than 20 of the 68 tons of food that will be required for the whole operation has already been pre-positioned in temporary warehouses in the town.
WFP's partners in the endeavour are the local Red Cross, the Palang Merah Indonesia (PMI), who are supplying local transport and distribution of WFP emergency rations.
WFP's aid is intended to complement ongoing government and PMI distributions of rice, noodles, cooked vegetables and other commodities, most of which are being provided in the form of hot meals by PMI field kitchens.
But the kitchens will soon close. "We'll keep them going for two or three weeks, then reassess" said PMI Chairman Mar'ie Muhammed.
"After the kitchens close, we'll likely provide supplementary rations for a month or so, mostly rice and noodles, maybe a little sugar and vegetable oil."
Like PMI, WFP does not anticipate a long-term presence in the area. While the death toll has approached nearly 700, estimates of the number of people whose homes have been destroyed ranges from 10,000 to 15,000.
Another 10,000 are people like Gandi and his family, whose home is intact but who are simply afraid to return for fear of another tsunami.
Sumarni, 33, falls into the same category. "It's really frightening," she said as she sat at Sukahurip school with her three-year-old son, Akmal, both munching WFP-supplied high-energy biscuits. "So many disasters; tsunamis, earthquakes, volcanoes; one after another. What's next?"
Even if her home was not damaged, Sumarna had not yet recovered from the trauma of her narrow escape. She managed to flee the tsunami onboard a becak, a tricycle rickshaw, along with her husband, her toddler son and two other children, both teenagers.
"My husband earns his living driving a becak," said Sumarni, "but I've never seen him pedal so hard before."
Toll on livelihoods
If the toll on homes and lives has been severe, it pales in comparison with wreckage inflicted on the region's livelihoods. Tourism and fishing are the area's prime sources of income and employment and both sectors suffered grievous losses.
The tsunami destroyed 63 hotels, 163 stores, 162 restaurants and 600 street kiosks as well as 21 fish markets and close to 2,000 fishing boats.
"It took almost everything," complained Murtinah, 50, as she emerged from PMI-run food distribution centre in the hilltop village of Purbahayu, clutching a bag full of WFP biscuits and noodles.
Murtinah's house in the Fishermen's Village just east of Pangandaran was swept away by waves, leaving homeless not only herself and her husband, Bagio, 55, but also her seven children and five grandchildren.
Even worse, it also destroyed Bagio's fishing boat, the family's only source of income. "Now we have no home and no way to earn enough to even feed ourselves," said Murtinah. "I don't know what we are going to do."
Java earthquake/tsunami: two weeks later
Almost 700 people died when an undersea earthquake sent a six-metre high tsunami crashing into a 200 kilometre-long stretch of Java's southern coast on July 17.
The worst-hit areas included Tasikmalaya, Ciamis, Sukabumi and Garut districts (West Java); Cilacap, Kebumen and Banyumas (Central Java); and Gunung Kidul and Bantul (Yogyakarta). The seashores of Ciamis and to a lesser extent Tasikmalaya were particularly affected with damage reported up to 400 metres inland.
The tourist resort of Pangandara, 450 kilometres south of Jakarta, was hardest hit and its economy left in ruins.
Over two weeks later, some 10,000-15,000 people are still homeless. A further 10,000 are simply staying in IDP camps out of fear of another natural disaster: most recently, an earthquake shook the coast of Sulawesi on July 23.
After the immediate distribution of noodles and biscuits on July 18, WFP has pre-positioned 20 metric tons of fortified biscuits in temporary warehouses in Pangandaran in Ciamis district.
The agency plans a one-time distribution of fortified biscuits to IDPs and households that have lost their livelihoods.
In total, WFP will distribute 68 tons of food as one-month rations to approximately 25,000 tsunami victims.
Distributions will cover six sub-districts of Ciamis that lay on the frontline of the tsunami waves: Cimerak, Cijulang, Parigi, Sidamulih, Kalipucang and Pangandaran.
Paul Risley, Regional spokesperson, WFP
Thailand, Tel: +66 1 701 9208, firstname.lastname@example.org
Barry Came, Spokesperson, WFP Indonesia, Tel: +62 21 570 9004, ext. 2105, Mobile: +62 811 987 416 / VSAT: 1387-2105 email@example.com