Indonesia: Humanitarian and recovery update - Aceh & Nias 16 Dec 2005 - 15 Jan 2006

Situation Report
Originally published


- On the first year commemoration day, 26 December 2005, a series of activities were organized throughout the day, starting with a ceremony in Ulee Lheue, Banda Aceh. The ceremony was attended by the President, scores of dignitaries as well as survivors of the tsunami. The President also visited Nias Island on 25 December to celebrate Christmas and to attend a commemoration ceremony in Gunung Sitoli.

- On 19 December, the fourth and last weapons decommissioning phase took place. Given that the Peace Agreement/MOU was only signed on 15 August 2005 this represented a remarkable achievement. A ceremony was held in Blang Padang Sportsfield in Banda Aceh to mark the successful completion of the decommissioning as stipulated in the Helsinki Memorandum of Understanding (Mou). Blang Padang Sportsfield was the site where the first weapon collection took place on 15 September. With the hand over of a total of 840 weapons to Aceh Monitoring Mission (AMM), GAM fully compiled with the decommissioning obligation in the MoU. On 20 December, the GAM leadership confirmed in writing the non-existence of weapons under its command in Aceh. GAM officially disbanded its military wing (TNA) on 27 December.

- The final departure ceremony was held at the Lhokseumawe port on 29 December. By relocating the remaining 3,300 non-organic troop by the end 2005, TNI was in full compliance with the redeployment obligation under the MoU.

- On 31 December, a final ceremony marking the end of police relocation from Aceh was held at the Lhokseumawe port. With the departure of the 2,150 police personnel in the fourth and final phase on 5 January 2006, the decommissioning and relocation process was fully completed. In accordance with the MoU, the number of military forces remaining in Aceh is not to exceed 14,700 and the number of police forces 9,100.



Second Nias Islands Stakeholder Meeting (NISM 2)

Following up on the first Nias Islands Stakeholder Meeting (NISM) held on 6 December in Jakarta, BRR is organizing NISM2 in Nias for 17-18 January. NISM this time aims to bring together stakeholders to report on progress and commitments made since NIAM1; identification of gaps and needs of communities; and formulation of action plans by themes (humanitarian and rehabilitation, housing and logistics, good governance, economic future for Nias, and reconstruction management). The UNORC Office in Nias has been supporting the meeting and will chair a number of working groups while UNHAS has agreed to put on a number of extra flights to ensure the safe arrival and departure of some 80-100 outside participants.

RAN (Recovery Aceh Nias) Database

BRR Operations Centre produced district and sector reports for December. Partners are encouraged to use these reports to validate and confirm their data. A donor report has also been created to for each donor to enable them to review and ensure their representation in the RAN. A summary report from the RAN is also available as an example of the kind of analysis that can be performed using the database. These are available on the e-aceh-nias web site <>.


Multi Donor Trust Fund for Aceh and Nias (MDTFANS)

The 7th Steering Committee (SC) Meeting took place on 13 December 2005 in Banda Aceh. This was the second SC meeting held in Banda Aceh.

In the update presentation to the SC members, BRR proposed shifting its reconstruction strategy to a portfolio-based approach in order to more effectively fill the gaps in reconstruction needs. According to BRR, the financial gap among the core needs was notable in transport, flood control and irrigation, the environment and energy sectors. In the portfolio-based approach, BRR plans to identify needs by sector; define priorities and develop a portfolio of projects required to address the priority needs; and match the required projects with implementing partners and/or funds. The new strategy met largely positive response from the SC.

Banda Aceh

On 20 December, 23 IOM houses on the banks of the Alue Naga canal were handed over to 141 IDPs. An additional 9 families (54 persons) moved into an extension built onto a 45-unit IOM settlement on the opposite bank of the canal. These IDPs used to live in neighbouring Rukoh village, much of which was wiped out by the tsunami. Since the disaster, 154 families from Rukoh village were living in tents in sites around Syiah Kuala University. Hundreds of others continue to live in host communities as far away as Aceh Tamiang. The community themselves identified 29 households as priority beneficiaries for housing to move into the first 23 units. Of the 29 households, 20 had been living in tents, 8 with host families and 1 in meunasah (community building).

Aceh Besar

The first livelihoods coordination meeting for Aceh Besar was held on 15 December. The meeting was attended by Oxfam, IRD, CARE, UNIDP, World Vision. World Relief, Islamic Relief, Grameen Foundation USA, Matahari, British Red Cross, PCI, ADB, AusCare, Mercy Corps, Save the Children, Lambrineu Foundation, AIPRD, Concern and BRR. The meeting was initiated by Oxfam out of concern for numerous overlaps in livelihood activities in the district. The meeting mapped out activities at the village level to identify overlaps and agreed to engage in separate meetings to address the overlaps. It also agreed on lead NGOs for each sub-district. The meeting decided to hold the district livelihoods meeting on a monthly basis. According to the preliminary RAN summary report of 1 December, Aceh Besar has by far the largest number of projects (266) and the implementing organizations (107) among all districts. UNORC has appointed a Field Officer who will be specifically responsible for supporting coordination activities in Aceh Besar and Banda Aceh.

Aceh Jaya

As reported earlier, a number of aid organizations had encountered "visits" by the local youth groups, who expressed grievances over the lack of employment opportunities and the slow pace of reconstruction. To resolve the situation in an open and friendly manner, UNORC Calang initiated an open forum for the youth groups and the aid communities on 15 December. The forum provided opportunities for aid organizations to introduce themselves and explain their activities and for the youth to directly ask questions. It was agreed that the youth groups would be invited to the NGO general coordination meeting once a month to keep them informed.

Aceh Jaya local government can be now contacted by email at: The Media Centre is part of local government and supported by UNDP.

Aceh Barat

Meulaboh PDAM (municipal waterworks) received a letter from PLN (national electricity company) wanting the electricity cut off starting 25 December unless PDAM paid the electricity bills it had been unable to pay since the tsunami due to the non-revenue cost of providing free water to IDPs. To resolve the potential interruption of clean water supply to IDPs living in barracks and camps, UNICEF agreed to pay the bill. BRR agreed to pay the operational cost incurred by NGOs starting 1 January 2006.

Nagan Raya

As part of efforts to expand sub-district coordination meetings, UNORC Meulaboh met with the camat of Kaway XVI subdistrict. The camat provided UNORC with the name of villages and the list of beneficiaries for the post-tsunami assistance.


Following up on the joint planning meeting for Simeulue initiated by UNORC and the Bupati and held on 16 November, a general coordination meeting was convened on 11 January 2006. Thirteen persons representing 8 organizations (UN, NGOs and BRR) attended. UNORC Simeulue will update the activity mapping matrix on a monthly basis. WFP reported the reduction of the beneficiary number for its food distribution in general and ending the distribution in Simeulue Timur except for 3 camps in the sub-disrtict.


The regular district shelter coordination meeting was held on 14 and 28 December in the BEPPEDA in Sigli. The meetings discussed accountability and community participation, and

updating shelter reconstruction commitments and planned completion dates. The organizations were reminded to keep local BAPPEDA informed of their plans and any changes as the failure to do so may result in loss of project sites to other organizations. The Pidie shelter coordination meetings are lead by CARDI-NRC.


To assist UNORC field offices in data utilization and mapping for recovery coordination, a UNIMS GIS assistant has been deployed and producing various maps. Thus far, maps on damages to schools and kindergartens and water and sanitation activities maps have been finished. Maps for IDP locations, infrastructure, health facilities, school reconstruction and rehabilitation and schools activities are in pipeline. This has been a collaborative project with inputs from NGOs, UN agencies, sectoral working groups, BRR and local education department. The production of maps on sub-district, based on the new Kecamatan data, is also in progress.

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