A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
A severe weather warning covering the period May-June has been issued by the Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Agency (BMKG, Badan Meteorologi, Klimatologi, dan Geofisika) covering several parts of Indonesia, including Aceh, Riau, Riau Islands, Bengkulu, South Sumatra, West Nusa Tenggara, South Sulawesi, and several parts of Kalimantan. The BMKG warning indicated that heavy rain would continue until the end of May 2020 in East Kalimantan, particularly in the northern area where the upstream of Karang Mumus river is located.
In line with this forecast, heavy and intense rain on Thursday to Friday (21 to 22 May 2020) has submerged 11 villages of eight sub-districts in Samarinda city, East Kalimantan province. In addition to the heavy rainfall, the flooding was triggered by a rise in water level at the Karang Mumus river and Benanga dam. Responding to this event, the mayor of Samarinda city has declared a 14-day emergency response period from 22 May – 4 June 2020.
As many as 12.651 households/ 41.837 people have been affected, one person is heavily injured and at least four people have died in the aftermath of the flood, while 605 people had been evacuated to safer places. As per 30 May, there are 43 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in Samarinda, four of which have been admitted into hospital for treatment, one death has resulted while 38 people have recovered. A further, 1,920 people are currently under observation and 108 patients are being isolated and observed in the hospital. Due to the COVID-19 situation, Samarinda City Disaster Management Agency (BPBD Kota Samarinda) decided not to establish IDP centres. The majority of the displaced are from Sungai Pinang sub-district and as of 26 May 2020, they had been evacuated to their relative’s houses. As 27 May, 346 people were still displaced at PKK building (Pemberdayaan Kesejahteraan Keluarga, Family Welfare Movement).
This number is expected to decrease as the water recedes.
Residential areas remained flooded with water level reaching between 60 – 150 cm. Six houses are severely damaged.
Three school buildings, six houses of prayers and a state-owned building have also been affected. The state electricity company has temporarily shut down electricity for safety reasons after the heavy rains. As a result, the community are using candles, emergency lights and generators as lighting. Some of the main roads leading to the flooded areas are still inundated with a depth between 30-60 cm, making it difficult for two and four-wheeled vehicles to access the areas.
Based on last years’ experience and BMKG forecast of extreme weather, dry season is imminent. Kalimantan is one of the regions prone to forest and peat fire. This not only affected people throughout Kalimantan but also cross-border countries. Almost all Kalimantan branches were responding to the event last year. In East Kalimatan province alone, at least 93 potential hotspots have been identified. PMI has conducted a meeting to discuss the importance of preparedness in anticipation of the incoming forest and one of the recommendation is to formulate a Business Continuity Plan for Kalimantan region that includes all the branches, which will be supported by PMI NHQ.