Indonesia

Indonesia: Earthquake/Tsunami appeal No. 11/2000 final report

Format
Appeal
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments

Launched on: 16 May 2000 for 3 months for CHF 459,000 (USD 277,000/ EUR 312,000)
Beneficiaries: 3,500 families
"At a glance"

Appeal coverage: 98.6%
Related Appeals 01.33/2002 Indonesia

The Disaster/Situation: The relief operation effectively met emergency needs in the wake of the earthquake. Strong donor support, as well as savings in transport and personnel costs, enabled assistance to be provided to 28% more beneficiaries than planned. However, due to delays in confirming initial donor pledges, distribution was slower than scheduled, which in turn led to tension among beneficiaries.

Operational Developments:

An earthquake triggering a tsunami (tidal wave) hit Central Sulawesi Province on May 4, 2000, leaving 41 dead, 228 injured and 10,500 families homeless in the districts of Luwuk as well as on the Banggai/Peleng islands. The earthquake was followed by a number of aftershocks and there was unrelated landslide in Banggai town.

The Indonesian Red Cross (Palang Merah Indonesia or PMI) and the Federation assessed the area visiting 4 affected villages on Peleng island by boat. Following the initial assessment, the Federation and PMI targeted assistance to 3,500 (17,500 individuals) of the worst affected families with shelter materials, water containers and essential household materials. On 16 May, 2000, the Federation issued an Appeal on behalf of the Indonesian Red Cross (PMI) seeking CHF 459,000 for a three month operation.

Red Cross/Red Crescent action

The objective of the operation was to assist 3,500 families who have lost their house and belongings on Pelang and Banggai islands with non-food relief items, such as plastic sheeting, sleeping mats, cooking utensils, soap and water containers.

Following a needs assessment carried out by PMI and the Federation, it was decided that families or individuals that had lost their homes and personal belonging would be entitled to one family kit (see detail below) as well as clothing. Due to the additional needs and strong funding, the number of beneficiaries was revised upwards to 4,494 families. An additional unsolicited, yet useful, contribution of basic drugs was also distributed.

The overall cost of the operation was less than budgeted due to the government of Indonesia assisting with the transport of the family kits and the ICRC providing an all inclusive price (for the contents and transport of family kits purchased from ICRC). Furthermore the expenditure on 'clothing and textiles' was more than budgeted as kits were bought complete (ready packed with all items) from the ICRC and because there was additional expenditure for the 2,000 clothing packages. Equally the apparent under-expenditure for 'Utensils and Tools' is because these items were already included in the complete kits purchased from ICRC.

Family kits

The family kits consist of: 1 cooking pot, 2 plastic sleeping mats (mattress), 1 jerry can, 5 sarongs, 5 pieces of body soap, 5 pieces of laundry soap, 5 spoons, 5 cups, 5 plates, 1 tarpaulin (plastic sheet), 1 sack (50 kg), 5 packs of candles (8 pieces/pack), 5 boxes of matches, 5 toothbrushes and 5 tubes of toothpaste. The PMI, which obtained access to a government warehouse, carried out the distribution in 3 phases. The following 3 tables represent the 3 phases of the total distribution of 4,494 kits. The purchase and distribution of family kits was somewhat delayed due to the late confirmation of pledges to the Appeal.

Distribution One:

An additional 20 boxes of medical supplies (contributed by the Singapore Red Cross) was distributed at the same time as the family kits. The medical supplies were provided to the PMI health posts that are part of a national programme to provide assistance to the most vulnerable.

The following table represents the first distribution of family kits:

Location
No. of family kits
No. of families
No. of people
Lompio
150
150
737
Lokotoy
150
150
706
Tolise Tubond
34
34
134
Bone Baru
100
100
400
Paisu Mosoni
50
50
226
Tanobomumungan
133
133
600
Popisi
80
80
352
Kendek
23
23
117
Lampa
45
45
259
Tinakin Laut
100
100
508
Total
865
865
4,309

Distribution Two:

The second distribution, which took place on 4 August 2000, of 1,578 family kits was complimented by some additional basic medicine from PMI stocks. This distribution covered the one village in Banggai and three major villages on Peleng island (the sub-district of Totikum). Six family kits were lost in the transportation to Luwuk.

The following table represents the second distribution of family kits:

Location
No. of family kits
No. of families
No. of people
Kalumbatan
748
748
3'634
Sambiut
245
245
1'191
Palam
249
249
1'264
Dodung
336
336
2'487
Total
1'578
1'578
8'576

Distribution Three:

Following the confirmation of additional funding, the PMI and Banggai based Federation delegate conducted an assessment of the three sub-districts of Tinangkung, Totikum and Liang. These areas had not received any assistance through earlier distributions.

The following table represents the third distribution of family kits:

Location
No. of family kits
No. of families
No. of people
Tinangkung
871
871
4'401
Totikum
736
736
3'851
Liang
444
444
2'197
Total
2'051
2'051
10'449

Clothing

Early in the operation, the Banggai based Federation delegate and PMI counterpart, identified the need for basic clothing. Therefore, 2,000 packages (8,000 T-shirts and 4,000 shorts) of clothes were purchased and distributed. Each package was made up of four T-shirts (2 adult size & 2 children size) and two pairs of shorts (one adult size & one children size). The clothing distribution, which provided each family with one package, was carried out at the same time as the third distribution of family kits.

The following table gives a breakdown of the distribution:

Location
No. of clothing packages
No. of families
No. of persons
Tinankung
872
872
4'401
Totikum
684
684
3'621
Liang
444
444
2'197
Total
2'000
2'000
10'291

The monitoring of the programme, largely of the assessment and distribution, was carried out by the Federation relief delegate based in Banggai. The delegate worked alongside the PMI counterpart as well as a staff of twenty two volunteers (ten in Banggai and twelve in Luwuk).

External relations - Government/UN/NGOs/Media

Indonesian government

The PMI fully coordinated with the government. In addition the government allocated 16 billion IDR (equivalent to CHF 3 million) for reconstruction of Banggai and Peleng islands. These funds are primarily for reconstruction of the roads, bridges and public buildings damaged by the earthquake.

NGOs

The MSF-France programme includes the reorganisation of the cold chain and improvement of emergency preparedness of health staff. The organisation also started a training programme in basic hygiene. CARE Indonesia distributed agricultural tools in the Totikum district of the Banggai islands. Regular co-ordination meetings were held with these agencies and effective co-operation established

For further details please contact: Sandra Rosner, Phone : 41 22 730 4456; Fax: 41 22 733 03 95; e-mail: rosner@ifrc.org

All International Federation Operations seek to adhere to the Code of Conduct and are committed to the Humanitarian Charter and Minimum Standards in Disaster Response (SPHERE Project) in delivering assistance to the most vulnerable.

For support to or for further information concerning Federation operations in this or other countries, please access the Federation website at http://www.ifrc.org.

This operation sought to administer to the immediate requirements of the victims of this disaster. Subsequent operations to promote sustainable development or long-term capacity building will require additional support, and these programmes are outlined on the Federation's website.

Simon Missiri
Head ai
Asia Pacific Department

John Horekens
Head
Relationship Management Department

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