I. HIGHLIGHTS/KEY PRIORITIES
- The Government of Indonesia estimates rehabilitation and reconstruction cost at US$745 million.
- Inter-agency mission to camps sheltering persons displaced by landslides finds emergency needs are being met but is concerned about sustainability.
- Funding for emergency water trucking is urgently required for the next two months.
- The outcomes of the Post-Disaster Needs Assessment will be presented to the Government on 30 October.
II. Situation Overview
It is almost a month since West Sumatra was hit by two powerful earthquakes that caused widespread destruction and triggered landslides that wiped out entire villages. An estimated 1,117 people died and another 1,214 people injured.
The Government of Indonesia has not yet released the village-level impact data, which was expected last week. The Government reported that the numbers are still being verified at the district level. There has been no update on official figures on the number of people affected and the number of houses destroyed since 15 October.
The Jakarta Post reported that the Government has estimated the rehabilitation and reconstruction cost at US$745 million (Indonesian rupiah 7 trillion). It also quoted the acting Governor for West Sumatra as saying "he hoped the Central Government would determine the emergency period on Monday (2 November) when the new chief Economic Minister Hatta Radjasa visits Padang". The Government of Indonesia brought forward the emergency phase to 1 November earlier in the month. As detailed in the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP), emergency activities will continue for another two months until the end of 2009. The Post- Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) is expected to be presented to the Government on 30 October, which will form the basis of the Government's rehabilitation and reconstruction plan.
At the Government's request, an inter-agency mission has assessed the humanitarian situation of more than 4,000 people displaced by the landslides around Lake Maninjau in Agam district. The displaced people have settled in three Internally Displaced Person (IDP) camps or with host families. Two camps are only being used at night for sleeping or when rainfall threatens more landslides. Overall, the mission found that the authorities at the sub-district level are sufficiently managing the situation with additional support provided by NGO activities in WASH, health and shelter. The primary concern is overcrowding at Sungai Batang camp. It is unclear at this stage whether these camps are temporary or will become permanent. If temporary, what the longer term implications may be.
The Indonesian Red Cross (Palang Merah Indonesia/PMI)/International Federation are expected to launch its Revised Appeal in the coming days, which will include activities for the next six months. PMI also plans to conduct further distributions in Pesisir Selatan and Agam districts. They plan to provide 10,000 families with relief supplies by 15 November.
- UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
- To learn more about OCHA's activities, please visit https://www.unocha.org/.