Indonesia

Indonesia - Earthquake Fact Sheet #13, Fiscal Year (FY) 2006

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments

U.S. AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
BUREAU FOR DEMOCRACY, CONFLICT, AND HUMANITARIAN ASSISTANCE (DCHA)
OFFICE OF U.S. FOREIGN DISASTER ASSISTANCE (OFDA)
NOTE: The last fact sheet was dated June 12, 2006.

KEY DEVELOPMENTS

Since June 13, mobile outreach teams have identified 7 new cases of tetanus and 35 new cases of tetanus-prone wound infection, in addition to the 41 tetanus cases previously reported. USAID/OFDA funds the mobile health teams as part of an emergency health strategy to establish and maintain disease surveillance and early warning systems. USAID/OFDA is also supporting public outreach campaigns that disseminate key health messages, including information on tetanus prevention and good hygiene practices.

On June 14, the Government of Indonesia's (GOI) Mt. Merapi Volcano Observatory in Yogyakarta returned the alert to level four, after having lowered the alert to level three on June 13. With a return to the highest level of alert, volcanologists are recommending evacuation of areas near rivers to the south and southwest of Mt. Merapi out to a distance of eight km.

NUMBERS AT A GLANCE
SOURCE
Dead
5,722
GOI SATKORLAK(1) - June 8
Injured
37,924
GOI SATKORLAK - June 8
Homes Damaged or Destroyed
537,470
GOI SATKORLAK - June 8

Total USAID/OFDA Humanitarian Assistance Provided for the Indonesia Earthquake: $3,513,398
Total USAID/OFDA Humanitarian Assistance Pledged for the Indonesia Earthquake: $5,000,000

CURRENT SITUATION

Health

According to the GOI Health Crisis Center, the earthquake destroyed or heavily damaged 45 of the 117 health centers in Yogyakarta, while 38 other health centers sustained moderate to light damage. On June 13, the center estimated that 430 health care structures, including hospitals, health centers, clinics, and pharmacies, are in need of repair.

The USAID Disaster Assistance Response Team (USAID/DART) reports that many of the damaged health centers have resumed partial service. Medicines and supplies for health centers are reported to be sufficient, with limited loss of medicine stocks caused by the earthquake.

As of June 14, Yogyakarta provincial health authorities report a continued need for equipment, supplies, and physicians for hospital-based orthopedic surgery.

Water and Sanitation

Inadequate latrine coverage in the earthquake-affected area is an ongoing and critical concern, as the potential for disease transmission remains high. According to the USAID/DART, significant expansion of water and sanitation facilities in the affected areas is needed. To assist in addressing this shortfall, USAID/OFDA is funding hygiene promotion activities that encourage hygienic practices such as hand-washing and latrine usage. Additionally, USAID/OFDA plans to support the construction of more than 3,500 latrines, which will expand the availability of sanitation facilities for earthquake-affected populations.

To support longer-term community recovery, USAID/OFDA is funding the rehabilitation of more than 1,000 shallow wells in the earthquake-affected area that will restore sustainable access to water at the household level.

Shelter

On June 14, the World Bank released a report on the May 27 earthquake that puts the total amount of damage and losses incurred by the affected communities at approximately $3.1 billion. The report notes that the damage is largely concentrated in housing and private sector buildings.

USAID/OFDA shelter sector strategy includes support of transitional shelter for 15,000 families and training on earthquake-resistant reconstruction techniques, as many have already started rebuilding.

Note:

(1) GOI's Provincial Coordinating Body for Disaster Management (SATKORLAK)

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