Indonesia

Indonesia: Earthquake and Mt. Merapi Volcano OCHA Situation Report No. 24

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Posted
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Ref: OCHA/GVA - 2006/0200

OCHA Situation Report No. 24

INDONESIA EARTHQUAKE and Mt. MERAPI Volcano

This report is based on information received from the UN Resident/Humanitarian Coordinator's Office in Jakarta and the UN team in Yogyakarta.

HIGHLIGHTS

1. At least 33,000 tarpaulins are available with the Emergency Shelter Cluster members as contingency stock for the coming rainy season.

2. The Shelter Cluster plans to provide approximately 69,000 roof structures (transitional shelters). 13,000 roof structures have been built thus far. With additional funding, the cluster would be able to significantly increase the capacity to provide roof structures.

3. The Bantul District Veterinary Office has confirmed the presence of H5N1 virus in poultry in fourteen out of seventeen sub-districts in Bantul. No cases of human infection have been identified.

As Shelter has been the main focus of the Provincial Governments of Yogyakarta and Central Java over the last two weeks, Provincial updates are included under the Shelter Cluster Update.

CLUSTER UPDATE

Emergency Shelter

339,784 tarpaulins and tents have thus far been distributed.

Based on a best-estimate using Emergency Shelter Cluster data and the original Emergency Response Plan (ERP) objectives of one tarpaulin per household, the remaining gap in provision of emergency shelter amounts to between 18,600 and 43,000 households in at least 143 villages

Current stocks of tarpaulins held by IFRC/PMI, IOM, CARE, and Oxfam, amount to 33,000 tarps. This stockpile is intended to be used as a "safety net" to fill gaps and provide a contingency supply for the coming rainy season. This strategy has been discussed with the Departments of Public Works in the Provinces of Yogyakarta and Central Java and is intended to complement Government responsibilities to meet any future emergency shelter needs. Distribution mechanisms are being discussed within the Shelter cluster.

The cluster considers that its objectives as described in the ERP have now been met and the cluster was consequentially closed on 15 September. The Shelter and Reconstruction Cluster (under Early Recovery) has absorbed the few remaining emergency shelter issues into its ongoing coordination role.

The full Cluster report can be obtained at http://ochaonline2.un.org/Default.aspx?tabid=8296

Shelter and Reconstruction

13,000 roof structures (transitional shelters) have now been built, with a further 56,000 planned in Yogyakarta and Central Java provinces to be provided by 31 members of the cluster. This represents 18% of the total 69,000 cluster objective and 4% of overall need.

The cluster is actively seeking funding to support the additional capacity required to meet these needs.

A Steering Committee, consisting of local and provincial governments and Cluster members, has been formed with the Yogyakarta Province to manage and coordinate the integration of cluster and provincial reconstruction programmes.

Yogyakarta Province

The Yogyakarta Provincial Government has issued its policy on housing compensation. The policy states that all 206,000 affected households (destroyed or heavily damaged houses) will be provided with a grant of IDR 15 million; however, the first round of funding will only cover 47,000 households (see table below). The funds will be dispersed to community groups of between 10-15 households. These groups will then decide which families are the most vulnerable and will receive the money first.

The budget allocation is planned by the Government of Indonesia (GOI) as follows:


Total budget
to be dispersed
Number of families
to be covered
First phase (mid October)
IDR 749 billion
47,000
Second phase (late November)
IDR 945 billion
60,000
Third phase (January or February in 2007)
IDR 1.5 trillion
99,000

The Government encourages NGOs and donors to support the families who will not be covered in the first phase of funding. Organizations providing housing construction are strongly encouraged to report their planned activities to the Government in order to see potential gaps and to avoid overlap.

The cluster estimates the remaining gap in shelter needs as 121,000 households in the Province of Yogyakarta. The cluster has proposed a joint strategy to meet this gap by augmenting the 'safety net' of tarpaulin and increasing capacity of the cluster members to deliver roof structure programme throughout of the rainy season.

Central Java Province

The Central Java Provincial Government plans to provide all 97,000 affected households with IDR 4.4 million in a first round of housing compensation initially planned for mid October, but likely to be delayed. This will be followed by a second allocation of IDR 4 million per household in early 2007. The total assistance package will be IDR 8.4 million per household.

A compensation package of IDR 500,000 per household is also provided to families who have been classified as having 'lightly damaged' houses.

The Central Java Provincial Government is in the process of recruiting technical facilitators who will provide advice to local communities on housing reconstruction, planning and budgeting. The facilitators are supposed to commence their duties in mid October, but this is likely to be delayed due to lower than expected numbers of applicants. The cluster is discussing with the Provincial Government the details of training for facilitators and technical assistance to be provided by the cluster.

The cluster in collaboration with the Provincial Government is developing a 'training of trainers' programme for technical and social facilitators to support the permanent housing reconstruction programme of Central Java Province.

The full Cluster report can be obtained at http://ochaonline2.un.org/Default.aspx?tabid=8727.

Health

No increase in the number of dengue cases has been reported in the last few weeks. However, a possible increase is anticipated during the rainy season, mainly related to inadequate shelter, which exposes people to mosquitoes and creates mosquito infestations in damaged water facilities. Ongoing surveillance and health promotion activities are being carried out by cluster members.

According to Handicap International, approximately 400 spinal cord injury and amputee patients have been identified. Handicap International and Yakkum are providing medical rehabilitation treatment.

The cluster is advocating to the government and NGOs that disabled persons should be given priority to receive housing assistance.

The Bantul District Office of Veterinary has confirmed the presence of H5N1 virus in poultry in fourteen out of seventeen sub-districts in Bantul. No cases of human infection have been identified. The health authorities and cluster members are increasing health promotion activities to prevent virus transmission to human beings.

In order to improve the capacity of medical personnel in the majority of Puskesmas (Community Health Center) for treatment of mental health disorders, WHO and the District Health Office with financial support from IOM is holding six training programmes on mental health diagnosis and treatment in Klaten, Bantul and Sleman by the end of September. 727 medical personnel and community leaders have been trained. In addition, training sessions on mental health counseling for 56 community leaders were organized in Bantul.

WHO has organized a training for 36 medical personnel from hospitals and 24 from Puskesmas on environmental health, particularly on waste management of used medical equipment.

The full Cluster report can be obtained at http://ochaonline2.un.org/Default.aspx?tabid=8233.

Water and Sanitation (Watsan)

To date 4,653 wells have been cleaned or repaired (47% of the ERP target).

8,566 latrines have been repaired or constructed (57% of the target) to date.

Construction of latrines and water facilities in schools has been completed in 65 out of 100 schools targeted by the cluster.

UNICEF-supported water trucking in Klaten and Bantul has been phased out. However, 14 locations in Bantul still need water trucking for the next few weeks. UNICEF and other partners are working on a sustainable solution for these areas. PDAM and UNICEF will continue trucking water to two hospitals located in Gantiwarno and Prambanan, in Klatan District until the end of September.

The cluster is in the process of closing and transitioning to a government led coordination mechanism. The transition strategy has been agreed by the local authorities and cluster members. Planned activities will continue and UNICEF will support the government in coordinating recovery and reconstruction efforts of the various stakeholders in water and sanitation.

The full Cluster report can be obtained at http://ochaonline2.un.org/Default.aspx?tabid=8297.

Education

561 learning spaces (tents and tarpaulins) out of 600 targeted by the cluster have been provided. However, with onset of the rainy season, these learning spaces need to be replaced by temporary schools.

The urgent needs for at least 251 temporary shelters for elementary school have been identified by the cluster in Bantul and Klaten. 163 (65%) temporary schools are planned to be constructed by the cluster members. The targets and commitments may change based on further assessments and an increase of the capacity of the organizations within the cluster.

The Bantul District Office of Education plans to regroup elementary schools and reduce the number from 472 to 375. Due to this policy, school construction may be delayed and some organizations are revising their current strategies.

The cluster is in the process of closing and transitioning to a government led coordination mechanism.

The full Cluster report can be obtained at http://ochaonline2.un.org/Default.aspx?tabid=8301.

Protection

A Child Protection Assessment was conducted to identify crucial issues in the affected areas. The result of the assessment will be available in late September and shared with the local authorities and other organizations.

423 vulnerable children have been registered by Department of Social Affairs (DepSos) and the Provincial Department of Social Welfare (DinSos). To provide sufficient support to these children, discussions on strengthening the referral mechanism is ongoing with the cluster and local authorities. UNICEF is working closely with DinSos and the cluster members to standardize these approaches.

International and national NGOs have established a total of 230 (208 in the last sitrep) safe spaces for children: 128 in Bantul, 80 in Klaten, seven in Sleman, two in Magelang and ten in Sukohargo, and three in Gunung Kidul. Seventeen mobile teams are operating in Bantul and eight mobile teams in Klaten. These teams provide recreational programmes designed for psychosocial support to children, visiting communities and schools. Responsibility for these initiatives will gradually be shifted to communities with the involvement of local government.

The Cluster has been discussing its closure and transfer of the coordination role to relevant government authorities. Some technical fields such as gender, exploitation and abuse are cross-cutting and will need to be absorbed into a number of different government agencies not just DinSos.

The full Cluster report can be obtained at http://ochaonline2.un.org/Default.aspx?tabid=8298.

Livelihood

Due to a lack of baseline data on the level of damage to livelihood, current recovery efforts are still limited. The government is now developing an economic recovery strategy at district level.

The cluster is compiling data on damage and needs in the livelihood sector to identify priorities and develop livelihood programmes and strategies. Further assessments will be conducted as needed.

The full Cluster report can be obtained at http://ochaonline2.un.org/Default.aspx?tabid=8727

Food and Nutrition

The cluster was closed as the cluster considers that its objectives as stated in the ERP have been achieved. The cluster coordination meeting will be replaced by district government led coordination meetings in Klaten and Bantul.

WFP, CARE and Hope International will finish their programmes at the end of September. UNICEF and WVI will continue their distribution of food supplements until November.

Agriculture

No update from the cluster.

COORDINATION

OCHA facilitated a workshop on 12 September in order to identify programme priorities in the Province of Yogyakarta for the next six months. "Towards Common Steps and Strategies for Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Post Earthquake 27 May 2006 in the Yogyakarta Province: Next 6 months" was attended by the local authorities, international and national NGOs, UN agencies and donors. The government policies and priorities were shared by the local authorities. Shelter along with other reconstruction issues and economic revitalization will be the major priorities of the Provincial Government.

OCHA Yogyakarta continues to hold a bi-weekly General Coordination Briefings at 8:30am on Mondays. These meetings also include briefings from provincial/district government officials. The next meeting will take place on Monday 2 October.

Tel.: +41-22-917 12 34
Fax: +41-22-917 0023
E-mail: ochagva@un.org

In case of emergency only: Tel. +41-22-917 20 10

Desk Officer:
(in GVA) Mr. Guido Galli, direct Tel. +41-22-917 3171
(in N.Y.) Ms. Kirsten Gelsdorf, direct Tel. +1-917-367 3599

Press contact:
(in GVA) Ms. Elizabeth Byrs, direct Tel. +41-22-917 2653
(in N.Y.) Ms. Stephanie Bunker, direct Tel. + 1-917 367 5126

UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs
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