Indonesia

Indonesia: Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) Situation Report - 4

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Situation Report
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HIGHLIGHTS

• As of 16 April, the Government of Indonesia announced a total of 5 516 confirmed cases of COVID-19 with 496 deaths and 548 cases recovered from across all 34 provinces.

• On 09 April, the eastern province of East Nusa Tenggara reported its first confirmed case of COVID-19. The following day, the only remaining unaffected province in the country, Gorontalo in the northern part of Sulawesi, reported its first confirmed case. More than 60% of Indonesia’s confirmed cases are from Java Island, the most densely-populated area in the archipelago.

• Considering the rising fatalities and extensive socio-economic impact, President Joko Widodo signed a decree declaring COVID-19 a national disaster on 13 April. The decree reaffirms that regional governments must follow the policies of the central government in handling the pandemic.

The President also urged local administrations to reprogramme respective regional budgets to fund the ongoing COVID-19 mitigation efforts.

• On 14 April, the President, accompanied by the Foreign Minister and the Health Minister, attended the virtual Special Association of South-East Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit and Special ASEAN Plus Three Summit in the context of COVID-19. The leaders of the ASEAN Member States agreed to establish an ASEAN COVID-19 Response Fund to help procure crucial medical supplies and equipment for the frontline response.

• The Ministry of Health (MoH) approved the implementation of large-scale social restrictions in West Java’s Bogor, Depok, and Bekasi regions from 11 April and in Greater Jakarta’s Tangerang City, Tangerang District and South Tangerang District from 15 April.

• On 13 April, the President announced that the country is expected to increase its testing capacity to 10 000 specimens per day. The government estimates that the pandemic may affect 95 000 people by the end of May. The country is ramping up its COVID-19 testing capacity after facing criticism for having one of the lowest testing rates per capita. As of 16 April, 34 975 suspected case of COVID-19 have been tested using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Even though the number of specimens tested has increased three-fold from the previous week, it is still limited for a population of 270 million. Indonesia is attempting to acquire the additional test kits needed from other countries.

• As of 13 April, at least 22 doctors, six dentists, and 10 nurses have died from COVID-19. The Indonesian Medical Association stated that the reason for the deaths is insufficient personal protective equipment (PPE) for healthcare workers. Hospitals across the country lack sufficient numbers of medical staff and intensive care facilities, forcing some healthcare workers to use makeshift gear with raincoats and their own masks.

• To facilitate the efforts of healthcare workers in the fight against COVID-19, the Pertamina Foundation in Jakarta is providing housing for workers treating patients at the Pertamina General Hospital in South Jakarta. On 10 April, the Director of the Pertamina Foundation announced that the two available guesthouses may accommodate up to 92 healthcare workers between their 46 rooms.

• On 14 April, Siloam International Hospital, a private chain of hospitals in Indonesia, officially launched two hospitals designated for COVID-19 patients. The hospitals in South Jakarta and Tangerang District have a combined capacity of more than 630 inpatients.