Indonesia

Indonesia: Aceh Earthquake - DREF Operation Update n° 1

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Summary of major revisions made to emergency plan of action

The Government of Indonesia has identified a total of 250 villages that are mostly affected from three districts (Bireuen, Pidie and Pidie Jaya) and PMI has decided to focus its assistance on 60 of those villages for recovery support. PMI has raised around CHF 2 million (almost 50% from IFRC including DREF and DFAT funding) for this operation. The operation covers health, water, sanitation and hygiene promotion, shelter and livelihood.

This report covers the overall contributions to PMI from the IFRC of CHF 941,847, including the DREF allocation (CHF 374,880) and the Australian Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) contribution of (CHF 528,320. The DREF funding is focusing emergency shelter, drinking water, hygiene promotion and health along with RDRT deployment for peer to peer learning. DFAT funding mainly focuses on cash transfers programming aimed at addressing shelter and livelihood needs. The DFAT funding also supports in mainstreaming disaster risk reduction (DRR) into recovery operation as well as enhancing National Society capacity, with focus on the Pidie Jaya Red Cross Chapter.

A market survey was carried out during second and third week of December 2016, which highlighted the viability of a cash transfer programme. Considering the culture of the affected community and geographical situation, PMI has opted for conditional cash grants. Funding allocated for cash grants from DREF will be focused to water distribution instead of unconditional as per the needs and consultations with local authority and affected people. PMI will work with Bank Rakyat Indonesia (BRI) for cash transfer programme. Cash transfers programme for water, shelter and household kits and livelihood will be conducted in parallel.

PMI will not procure extra blankets as well as water purification tablet as per the original plan. Blankets are not required given the tropical climate and water purification tablets was not well accepted by communities and they also recommended alternative solutions. These changes have been discussed with the authorities and agreed with the affected communities.

The President of Republic of Indonesia has stated that government will provide funds to help the renovation of homes damaged by the earthquake in Aceh. The funds will fall into two categories: the heavy damage (IDR 40 million) and moderately damage (IDR 20 million). The assessment and verification of beneficiaries is still on-going. Selected beneficiaries will be validated by the decree of governor and regents. PMI will coordinate with respective government office in field to conduct cash transfers programme on shelter to avoid duplication.

PMI has established an operation hub in Pidie Jaya, from where its response the Aceh earthquake is being coordinated. PMI has recruited a finance assistant in Pidie Jaya to facilitate the financial transition and bookkeeping.

In Indonesia, the Shelter Sub-Cluster falls under the Protection and Displacement Cluster led by the Ministry of Social Affairs (MOSA). Guidelines for National Cluster for Displacement and Protection refer to the cluster (and sub-clusters) that can be active pre, during and post disaster scenarios. On the Pidie Jaya Earthquake operation, it has been well recognized by all stakeholders that there has been no formal coordinator designation of the Shelter Sub-Cluster and it has been considered that there are significant needs for coordination support to improve overall shelter programming. IFRC, in close coordination and in support of MOSA, has undertaken a scoping mission in Pidie Jaya to determine the coordination needs and opportunity for provision of coordination support and the potential technical shelter solutions related to temporary shelter. A report of the mission will be available in coming weeks and will inform the next steps.