Impact of the Lombok Earthquake: 436 Died and Economic Losses of More than IDR 5.04 trillion

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The victims of the magnitude 7 earthquake that struck Nusa Tenggara and Bali continue to increase. As of Monday, 13 August 2018), the earthquake has caused 436 fatalities. The breakdown: Lombok Utara 374 fatalities, Lombok Barat 37 fatalities, city of Mataram 9 fatalities Lombok Timur 12 fatalities, Lombok Tengah 2 fatalities, and city of Denpasar 2 fatalities. The data of the 436 fatalities come from the village chief and village police. The data that has been verified complete with the death certification is at 259 fatalities. The rest is still being processed by the Civil Registry Agency at each Regency. Most fatalities are caused by the collapsing buildings.

There are 1,353 injuries, of which 783 are severely injured and 570 are lightly injured. The highest number of injuries is in Lombok Utara at 640 people. Lombok Utara is the worst affected area due to its proximity to the epicentre.

The number of displaced population is fluctuating. This is caused by the fact that many displaced community return to their houses or to their gardens to work. At night they return to the evacuation centres. There are also displaced population who have returned to their homes. Based on the data from the Lombok Earthquake Command Post, at 13 August 2018, there are 352,793 people who are displaced. The distribution is as follow: Lombok Lombok Utara 137.182 persons, Lombok Barat 118.818 persons, Lombok Timur 78.368 persons, dan the City of Mataram 18.368 persons. In general, the displaced community who evacuate to open land or fields are staying in the tents established by BNPB, TNI, Polri, Ministry of Social Affairs, Ministry of Public Works and Public Housing, the local government, NGOs and others. Data collection is still ongoing. Most displaced community return to evacuation centres in the evening or at night.

Evacuation of trapped victims from rubbles or landslide is ongoing, performed by the Joint SAR team. The distribution of relief items to the displaced community is also ongoing targeting all areas affected by the earthquake. Clean water is being distributed using water tanks. More water tanks and public hydrants are being put in place in the evacuation centres.

The biggest issue in the distribution is the damaged and broken roads. The transportation of relief items also encounter challenge due to many of the communities are staying on the hills which are difficult to access. In addition, many of the available roads are congested. To handle this, the BNPB, TNI and Basarnas are deploying three helicopters to help with the distribution, in particular to the isolated areas. The current needs at the moment are tents, blankets, ready to eat meal, tarps, toilet, clean water, communication lines, lighting/electricity, logistics vehicle, and other basic needs.

The economic impact of the earthquake is enormous. The Deputy of Rehabilitation and Reconstruction of BNPB continue to calculate the damage and loss due to the earthquake, both for the magnitude 6.4 earthquake on 29 July 2018 and magnitude 7 earthquake on 5 August 2018. Temporary calculateion indicate that the economic damage due to the earthquake is more than IDR 5.04 trillion. This is just temporary number based on the available data at 9 August 2018. It is estimated that the impact will be biger than IDR 5.04 trillion.

The loss is calculated based on the damages in housing at IDR 3.82 trillion, infrastructure at IDR 7.5 billion, productive economy at IDR 432.7 billion, socio-cultural at IDR 716.5 billlion, and cross-sectoral at IDR 61.9 billion. The biggest damages and loss is from the housing sectors, as tens of thousands of houses are severely damaged, some completed damaged.

Categorised by territories, the highest losses is experienced by Lombok Utara who suffer losses at IDR 2.7 trillion. Lombok Utara suffered IDR 2.7 trillion loss, Lombok barat at IDR 1.5 trillion, Lombok Tengah IDR 174.4 billion, and city of Mataram at IDR 242.1 billion. The estimate for the impact to Bali is still being calculated.

This damage and losses are enormous. When all the data are collected, the possibility is that the number if much higher. It takes trillions of rupiah to conduct rehabilitation and reconstruction. It will also take time to recover the normal life and rebuild the economy of NTB. The central government will continue to support the people and the government of NTB. This support will not be just for the emergency period, but also to help with rehabilitation and reconstruction. The majority of the assistance will come from the central government. The scale of the impact is already at the national level. This means that the national capacity must be mobilised for the emergency response, whether for personnel, budget support, logistics, equipment and managerial.

BNPB continue to collect data and conduct assessment of the economic impact of the disaster. When the emergency period is over, we will enter the rehabilitation and reconstruction phase. BNPB together with other Line Ministries/Agencies and GNOs will rebuild the province following the principle of build back better and safer. This means that will make NTB better and safer. Lombok is highly prone to earthquake, therefore the rebuilding will need to take into account the possibility of another earthquake, so that when it strikes the damages and losses can be minimum and the community are safer.

Sutopo Purwo Nugroho

Head of Data Information and Public Relations Centre BNPB