ILO Indonesia Central Sulawesi Earthquake and Tsunami - Employment Impact Assessment No. 1, 2 November 2018

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• The Central Sulawesi Earthquake and Tsunami led to an estimated 94.5 thousand displaced workers, of which 35 per cent are women and 15 per cent are young people aged 15-24.

• 54 per cent of the displaced workers were already vulnerable as an own-account worker or contributing family worker before the crisis hit.

• 40.5 per cent of the displaced workers were employed in the agricultural and fisheries sector.

• The impact on wages and earnings of the displaced workers is an estimated 6.1 billion IDR each day.


On 28 September 2018, a series of earthquakes struck Indonesia’s Central Sulawesi province, the strongest being a 7.4-magnitude earthquake only 10 km deep and with its epicentre close to the provincial capital of Palu. The earthquake consequently triggered a tsunami striking beaches in Palu and Donggala.
The earthquakes, tsunami and resulting liquefaction and landslides caused numerous casualties and significant economic damage, mainly in Sigi and Palu but also in Donggala and Parigi Moutong. As of 30 October, 2,081 fatalities were reported and more than 4,400 people have suffered severe injuries. In addition, 206,494 people are currently displaced and 68,451 houses were damaged. The National Disaster Management Authority (BNPB) estimates the total cost of material damages at US$ 910 million.1 In order to provide preliminary and on-going estimates of the crisis impact on workers and livelihoods, this briefing note presents initial estimates of the number of workers that have been displaced.