COMMISSION DECISION of on the financing of primary emergency humanitarian actions in INDONESIA from the general budget of the European Union (ECHO/IDN/BUD/2010/01000)



Having regard to the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union,

Having regard to Council Regulation (EC) No.1257/96 of 20 June 1996 concerning humanitarian aid 1 , and in particular Article 2(a) and Article 13 thereof;


(1) In the late evening of 25 October 2010 a 7.7 Richter Scale (RS) magnitude earthquake, with epicentre located at lat/long 3.464S/100.084E and 25 km depth, stroke Mentawai islands, off the western coast of Sumatra, triggering a tsunami alert. Within minutes, waves of up to 4 metres struck most of the Mentawai Islands, entering 400 to 600 meters inland, and a number of aftershock earthquakes of 5.0 RS or above were registered in the hours immediately after the first quake.

(2) The earthquake has affected a large number of villages and has caused 154 confirmed casualties so far, according to the National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB). The affected population was initially estimated at 33,817 persons. However many islands have become inaccessible and the number of potentially affected people is  expected to be significantly higher.

(3) Only a few hours later, Mount Merapi in Central Java erupted emitting searing cloudsand volcanic ashes; the eruption has caused 24 confirmed casualties so far, 502 missing, according to UN sources, and has triggered a mass evacuation; at least 22,000 people have been evacuated from Sleman district in Yogyakarta and Magelang, Boyolali and Klaten districts of Central Java, but the volcanic activity has not yet ceased and the number of potentially affected people is expected to rise further.

(4) National authorities are doing their utmost to assist the affected populations but local coping capacity is getting under severe strain. Victims are in urgent need of medical assistance, water and food supplies, relief items, emergency shelter and psychological support.