Central Sulawesi Earthquake & Tsunami - Humanitarian Country Team Situation Report #9 (as of 23 November 2018)

Situation Report
Originally published


This report is produced and issued by the Humanitarian Country Team in Indonesia. It covers the period from 16 November to 23 November. The next report will be issued on or around 10 December.


  • Following the earthquake and tsunami on 28 September, and resulting liquefaction and landslides, 2,101 people are known to have died. Palu was the worst affected district, with over 1,700 people recorded killed in the city.

  • Some 133,631 people are displaced across Central Sulawesi according to data released by the National Agency for Disaster Management (BNPB). Thousands more have left the province or found refuge with host families.

  • The government-led response continues to cover humanitarian needs while transitioning into the recovery phase, which will expire on 25 December 2018.

  • International NGOs, the Red Cross and the UN are supporting the Government’s priorities and efforts.

  • The HCT’s Response Plan, requesting US$ 50.5 million to provide assistance to 191,000 people, is funded at 26 per cent.

  • Recovery planning is well underway with several recovery related assessments in process.

2,101 People dead (BNPB)
1,373 People missing (BNPB)
133,631 Internally displaced (BNPB)
1,451 Temporary learning spaces required

Situation Overview

  • On 28 September, a series of earthquakes struck Indonesia’s Central Sulawesi province, the strongest a 7.4M earthquake only 10 km deep and with its epicentre close to the provincial capital, Palu. The earthquake triggered a tsunami striking beaches in Palu and Donggala. The earthquakes, tsunami and resulting liquefaction and landslides caused significant damage and loss of life.

  • As of 23 November, 2,101 people are known to have died. A further 4,438 people have been seriously injured.
    According to figures released by Indonesia’s National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB), at least 1,373 people are missing. According to data released by BNPB, the number of IDPs has decreased from 171,552 people to 133,631 people.

  • An estimated 15,000 houses and land have been totally devastated. Some 17,000 houses are heavily destroyed but the sites may allow for reconstruction. Around 35,000 families whose houses have been damaged require emergency shelter support for a shorter term.

  • BNPB puts the total cost of material damages at USD 910 million; this data will be updated once the results of the post-disaster needs assessment are known.

  • Coordination structures at the provincial level have been reinforced with increased capacity from Government line ministries to support inter-cluster coordination under the leadership of the Provincial Secretary (SEKDA).

  • The local government is responsible to lead recovery and reconstruction efforts with continued national level support from BNPB, key line ministries and member agencies of the early recovery cluster.

  • Cash-based Assistance (CBA) Working Groups have been established at national level, and in Central Sulawesi.
    Guidelines for Conditional CBA were launched by the government of Central Sulawesi on 15 November 2018.

The cash-for-work daily incentive is IDR 80,000 per house hold/day (6 working hours), and IDR 11.000 per month for BPJS Kesehatan (health insurance). The previously reported Joint Market Assessment (JMA) assessed 164 traders through 47 key informants in 23 markets in 4 disaster-affected areas by 21 November. The result of the JMA will be analyzed on 26 November with the results being shared across clusters and particularly with the cash-based assistance working group.

  • The Post Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA), or Pengkajian Kebutuhan Pascabencana (JituPASNA) and Preparations for the development of the Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Master Plan was explained by the Deputy of Rehabilitation and Reconstruction of BNPB on 19 November 2018. (See early recovery section)

  • The Information Management Working Group conducted regular meetings. Among other initiatives the group has put forward a data analysis plan and methodology for the upcoming Multi-Sector Needs Assessment (MSNA) and its alignment with other ongoing assessment processes, with the aim of minimizing overlap and maximizing synergies. An information comparison matrix to examine the relationships between the MSNA, the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM), the Post-Disaster Needs Assessment (PDNA) and the UNFPA/Bureau for Population and Statistics (BPS) mini census will be finalized and shared.

  • Strengthened community engagement, particularly with displaced persons and vulnerable groups remains a key priority. To ensure accountability to affected populations, a Prevention of Sexual Exploitation and Abuse (PSEA) networkchas been formed. Further information is available here:

  • The first edition of Suara Komunitas – Community Voices was issued on 16 November. Suara Komunitas seeks to regularly share feedback gathered from communities affected by the Central Sulawesi earthquake in Indonesia. Copies in English and Indonesian can be found here:

  • Services for incoming humanitarian assistance in Balikpapan are back in operation as in the previous emergency response phase, until 11 December. Air-bridge services from Balikpapan to Palu continue to be provided free of charge through TNI C-130, Australia and South Korea aircraft.

  • BNPB confirmed that its list of prioritized items, which are limited to schools and family tents, and flexible water tanks, can be added to via lists from line ministries. For accountability purposes, BNPB is compiling documentation on international assistance arriving via Balikpapan, to be officially handed over to Provincial BPBD.