Central and West Java Earthquake and Tsunami: Situation Report #11 - 3 Aug 2006

Report
from World Health Organization
Published on 03 Aug 2006 View Original
Summary
Two tetanus cases were reported from Ciamis district, with 1 fatality.

WHO experts will support West Java Provincial Health office (PHO) in conducting communicable disease surveillance activities in Ciamis District.

Ciamis and Tasikmalaya regencies will soon begin construction of temporary accommodation for up to 2000 people.

IDPs need psychosocial support, environmental health support and communicable diseases control support.

Background

On 17 July 2006 a 7.7 magnitude (USGS) earthquake occurred 20 to 48.6 miles under sea level, 100 miles south of Java Island. The epicentre was 92:95 - 94:86 latitude and between 107 347 to 107 732 longitude. Waves two to seven metres high, travelling as far as two kilometres inland, followed the earthquake. There were several aftershocks too. Affected areas included: West Java Province - Tasikmalaya, Ciamis, Sukabumi, and Garut District; Central Java Province - Cilacap, Kebumen and Banyumas District; and Yogyakarta Province - Gunung Kidul and Bantul District.

Preliminary analysis showed that Bulak Laut in the south of Ciamis was the worst affected area, hit by waves 7.67 meters high. In Central Java, Widara Payung was hit by 6.7-meter waves and at Pameungpeuk, Garut, they measured 5.2 meters.

Current Situation

The Ministry of Health (MOH) reports that approximately 668 people died, 65 are missing and 9299 are in-treatment because of the disaster.

Two tetanus cases were reported in Ciamis District including one fatality.

The following data is based on the MOH report as of 1 August 2006:

Province
District
Dead
Inpatient
Missing
IDPs
Evacuation Site
West Java Tasikmalaya
65
6124
2
982
6
Ciamis
413
2741
15
4190
19
Banjar
15
244
0
0
0
Garut
1
30
0
0
0
Sub Total
494
9139
17
5172
25
Central Java Cilacap
157
104
15
0
0
Kebumen
10
22
33
0
0
Banyumas
1
24
0
0
0
Sub Total
168
150
48
0
0
Yogyakarta Gunung
Kidul
3
10
0
0
0
Bantul
3
0
0
0
0
Subtotal
6
10
0
0
0
[<br>] Total
668
9299
65
5172
25

* 4 Kebumen residents reported as deceased have been found alive.

Disease data from Ciamis up to 1 August 2006:

Type of Diseases
Cases
(%)
ARI
4628
38.41
Gastritis
1816
15.07
Trauma and Injured
1508
12.52
Diarrhea
1132
9.39
Thypus Abdominalis
30
0.25
Measles
3
0.2
Hepatitis
3
0.2
Malaria (+)
2
0.2
Others
2927
24.29
Total
12049
100

Air service is operating between Pangandaran and Jakarta by Suzy Air (Cessna aircraft). Flights depart Pangandaran at 2:00 p.m. daily and depart Jakarta (Halim Perdanakusuma Airport) at 3:30 p.m. daily.

Internally Displaced Persons (IDPs)

As of 31 July, MOH reported that the number of IDPs is 5172 people.

Ciamis and Tasikmalaya regencies will soon begin construction of temporary accommodation for up to 2000 people. The head of West Java's spatial planning and housing office, Jan Mulyana, reported the shelters will cost Rp 11.35 billion (US$1.19 million) and will be funded by both regional and state budgets.

The hardest hit area of Ciamis will receive 160 of the blocks, and the remainder will be built in Tasikmalaya. Each block will consist of 12 rooms capable of accommodating 60 people. They can be used for up to two years.

Priority Needs

Barracks with improved sanitation facilities need to be completed for relocation to begin.

IDPs need psychosocial support, environmental health support and communicable diseases control support.

Government

PHO of West Java continues to conduct a Rapid Health Assessment in Ciamis District.

Ciamis DHO is conducting a measles and TT immunization programme. Details are as follows:

Measles Immunization
TT Immunization
Vitamin A
Target
Coverage
Target
Coverage
Blue
Red
6-11 months
1-5 years
6-11 months
1-5 years
15-60 years
15-60 years
2110
8440
370
2925
21545
5570
339
2399
17.53%
34.66%
25.85%
16.07%
28.42%

WHO Action

Immunization and Communicable Diseases Control (CDC)

500 vials of anti-tetanus serum (ATS) 20 000 IU, 500 vials of tetanus immunoglobulin (TIG) 210 IU and 50 vials of ATS 1500 have been sent to the affected area.

WHO is supporting West Java PHO in conducting CDC surveillance activities in Ciamis District and will deploy one CDC expert to the affected area to support the activities.

Contact persons in Indonesia

No
Name
Designation
Organization
Contact phone
Fax
E-mail
1 Dr. Rustam S. Pakaya, MPH Head of Department Crisis Center (PPK) MOH 021-5265043 /
0812 960 2324
021-5271111 ppmk02@yahoo.com
2 Dr. Kyaw Win (Vijay Nath) Medical Officer EHA, WHO 0811 933 821 021-5201164 wink@who.or.id

Sources of Information

Information is gathered from the following sources and can be used for reference, but should not be used for quotation as situations change quickly at the field level.

1. WHO
2. UN system
3. Crisis Centre (PPK), MOH
4. Local and international news media