Asia and the Pacific: Weekly Regional Humanitarian Snapshot (21 - 27 August 2018)
As of 21 August, one million people remain in relief camps following flooding in Kerala. While flood waters have begun to recede, the situation has designated an L3 level of Disaster under the National Disaster Management Plan. According to the Chief Minister of Kerala, the estimated loss to the state is US$ 2.84 billion. The Indian Prime Minister has announced US$72.8 million in relief support, and the Minister of Home Affairs has announced an additional US$14.3 million.
As of 24 August, more than 390,500 people remain displaced as a result of the earthquakes that occurred in Lombok. Following the earthquakes, 555 people are known to have died. More than 80,5000 houses have been damaged, while six hospitals, more than 170 health centres and 859 schools have been affected. The emergency response phase ended on 25 August, with the response transitioning to the recovery phase with the aim to restore vital infrastructure and facilities, and stimulate community-level socio-economic activities. 390,500 people displaced.
On 21 August, four people reportedly died due to forest fires in west Kalimantan province. On 25 August, it was reported that the amount of haze and number of forest fires is increasing with some 855 hotspots identified in West Kalimantan. 2
A military artillery offensive on 20 August against a faction of the Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters in Sultan Sa Barongis, Maguindanao province, resulted in 11,555 people being displaced to other neighbouring municipalities. The displaced people are sheltering in five evacuation sites and various temporary settlements, including some in open spaces, or in the homes of friends and relatives.
Armed clashes between the Myanmar Military and ethnic armed groups, including the Ta’ang National Liberation Army (TNLA) and the Restoration Council of Shan State/ Shan State Army (RCSS/SSA), have been reported in northern Shan State. More than 2,400 people in Namtu Township fled clashes and increased tensions between 1 and 17 August. The Government, international and national humanitarian organizations, civil society organizations and host communities provided assistance to displaced people in monasteries and other temporary displacement sites. Most displaced people have returned to their villages, although clashes reportedly continue.4
Following attacks in Ghazni that began on 10 August, telecommunications networks, electricity and water services are reportedly back to normal. Residents are able to move freely, and markets and shops have reopened. Humanitarian partners identified more than 21,000 displaced people who require humanitarian assistance. UN agencies are providing support including food and demining activities. A need for psychosocial support has been identified.5 21,000 people displaced
PAPUA NEW GUINEA
On 25 August, Manam Volcano erupted, sending ash over 15km into the air. The volcano is located on Manam island, which is located 13 km off the northern coast of the country, close to Madang province. The eruption of the volcano has forced 2,000 people to be evacuated from their homes. The Government deployed a team to assess the current conditions and need for additional evacuations.