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UNDP India - Earthquake Situation Report No. 1 - 8 Oct 2005

A strong earthquake of magnitude 7.4 occurred on 8th October 2005 at 8.50.38 AM (local time) with epicenter at 34.432=B0N, 73.537=B0E in Muzaffarabad Region of Pakistan lasting for 6 minutes. The depth of the earthquake was at 10 km with preliminary location at 93 km from Islamabad, Pakistan, 114 km from Mingaora, Pakistan and 124 km from Srinagar, Kashmir. Subsequent after shock tremors of 5.9, 5.6 and 5.2 and 6.0 magnitude at intervals were recorded in the same region of Kohistan region i.e 65 km east of Mingaora, Pakistan and 172 kms North West of Srinagar (Jammu & Kashmir), India.
The high intensity earthquake was felt in part of Afghanistan and across northern India covering states of Jammu, Kashmir, Uttaranchal, Delhi, and Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Rajasthan, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh at 9.25 a.m. IST on 8th October 2005. The worst affected districts in Jammu and Kashmir due to impact of the high magnitude earthquake are districts of: Poonch, Baramulla , Jammu, Udhampur, Ramban Kathus, Srinagar, Budgam, Anantnag, Pulwama and Kupwara.

Location 34.748=B0N, 73.141=B0E

Depth 10 km (6.2 miles)


Distances 71 km (44 miles) E (93=B0) from Mingaora, Pakistan

120 km (75 miles) N (0=B0) from ISLAMABAD, Pakistan

164 km (102 miles) SE (139=B0) from Chitral, Pakistan

Preliminary Location

4.0 kms SE of Ghori, POK

10.7 kms ESE NNE of Muzaffarabad, POK,

32.9 kms ENE of Manshera, Pakistan,

60.9 kms NW of Uri (Jammu & Kashmir), India,

90.2 kms NNE of Islamabad, Pakistan,

123 kms WNW of Srinagar (Jammu & Kashmir), India,

326 kms NNW of Lahore (Punjab), Pakistan,

740 kms NW of Delhi (NCT), India.

Damage Details:

Pakistan: Strong tremors were felt in northern Pakistan, rocking buildings in the capital Islamabad, Muzaffarabad, Rawalpindi, Lahore, Peshawar. Reports of server damage to buildings, houses and

casualties of injured residence and death toll risen to 1000 people have been reported from Islamabad, Muzaffarabad, North West Frontier Province(NWFP) and Lahore districts. Army and the state

administration are conduction rescue and relief operations.

Jammu Kashmir, India:

Official reports confirm death of 213 people (Srinagar, Baramulla and Kupwara, Uri, Poonch, Udhampur and Doa districts) , including 16 army personnel, in Jammu & Kashmir and death of 1each in Gurdaspur and Batala districts, Punjab.

385 people have sustained injures due to collapse of building walls in Paraypora, Poonch, Baramulla, Srinagar and Anantnag districts while 7 buildings were damaged in Amristar,

Hoshiarpur, Moga, and Gurdaspur in Punjab state.

Preliminary assessment state damage to 963 masonry buildings (houses, buildings) reported from Uri, Baramulla and Sopore towns of Baramulla district and in Srinagar, Anantnag,

Baramulla and Kupwara districts .

Incidence of fire reported in parts of Baramulla district while Moti Mahal Fort in Poonch district and Reasi Fort in Reasi district have sustained damages. People in the affected districts

panicked and came out their homes after shock tremor felt at 4.15 IST.

Communication network, infrastructure facilities and traffic has been disrupted on the National Highway 1A between Srinagar-Muzaffarpur and Boniyar due to landslide triggered by the


Administrative Measures:

The affected district administration are being assisted by the army and air force to conduct rescue/search and relief operations in Uri, Tangdhar, Baramulla and Kupwara sector, while

essential supplies, including power, water and telecommunication are being restored .

The personnel have evacuated injured persons to Uri Field Hospital. Makeshift hospitals are set up and doctors were being flown to Uri to attend to the injured.

The Home Secretary Government of India has taken stock of the situation with the Chief Secretary of Jammu and Kashmir .Also the secretaries of Central ministries/departments have

been requested to extend emergency support.

Prime Minister of India is closely monitoring the situation and announced an ex-gratia amount of Rs 1000,000 to persons dead and assured all possible Central assistance to the state.

For Further Information:
G Padmanabhan
Emergency Analyst, UNDP
Mobile: 91 -- 98104 02937