India + 1 more

Pakistan, India - Earthquake: OCHA Situation Report No. 9

Ref: OCHA/GVA - 2005/0170
OCHA Situation Report No. 9
South Asia (Pakistan and India) - Earthquake

This report is based on the information provided by the UN Humanitarian Coordinator/Resident Coordinator's (UN HC/RC) Office in Islamabad, national authorities, agencies, NGOs and donors in Pakistan, as well as the UNRC's Office in New Delhi.

Pakistan

Situation Overview

1. As of 14 October, 25,180 deaths have been confirmed in Pakistan.

2. Large amounts of national and international relief aid are now arriving and being delivered to affected populations.

3. Much more aid is needed, and numerous people outside of populated areas are still cut off and remain without shelter. Many still need medical assistance and are waiting to be airlifted out of the devastated areas.

4. Current challenges still include access and logistics since, while most key arterial roads are open, remote villages outside of Muzaffarabad are still not reachable. In addition, the volume of aid being moved means that risks of bottlenecks and congestions remain very high.

5. It has been reported that women and children have been the most affected by the disaster.

6. There are still major difficulties in determining shelter needs, and shortages of tents in local markets as well as distribution problems are also hampering progress in responding to those who have lost their homes. The location and number of spontaneous settlements also need to be assessed.

7. The Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC), Mr. Jan Egeland, visited affected areas on 13 October emphasizing the urgent need for delivering faster aid and said he fears that "we are losing the race against the clock in the small villages." He also met with government officials, the international donor community, and other aid groups to further strengthen coordination efforts.

International Response

Coordination

8. The UN Country Team will be opening five country offices in Muzaffarabad, Mansehra, Bagh, Balakot and Batagram. These will act as humanitarian hubs for providing common services for the entire humanitarian community. The phasing and timing of deployments are being worked out.

9. In Islamabad, individual cluster groups and Cluster Focal Points meetings are ongoing, and are prioritising the most critical needs, and strategically planning for the best use of the current limited logistical capacity and available resources, particularly in the delivery of emergency shelter materials.

10. A UNJLC (UN Joint Logistics Centre) cell has now been established within the UN Coordination Centre in Islamabad, together with the UNHAS (UN Humanitarian Air Service) antenna.

11. A Humanitarian Information Centre (HIC) cell has also been set up within the UNDAC/UN Coordination Centre. The HIC will guide the information management process established so far by UNDP. Who Does What Where database, maps and all other standard HIC products will be developed. A Map Action team will be incorporated into HIC mapping facility.

12. NATO is establishing an air bridge useable by International Organizations and NGOs, between US, Europe and Pakistan for movement of goods to the earthquake victims. The focal point for requests for assistance will be the UNJLC.

Emergency Shelter

Latest Developments/Achievements

13. Initial reports reveal that between 75%-90% of Mansehra residents' homes have been damaged or destroyed. Save the Children/UK distributed 20 MTs of shelter goods distributed in Mansehra.

14. IFRC has established a tent production line and is aiming to get it up to 5000 tents per week.

15. UNHCR has estimated that 60-70% of affected areas can be reached very soon.

16. In the following 24 hours, Save the Children/UK will continue to distribute tents, clothing and blankets for 7,500 beneficiaries. A shipment of relief goods from Dubai is expected. World Vision is awaiting assessment results before distributing available tents and food items. Peace Winds/Japan has 1,000 tents available. Relief International delivered 100 tents and 300 blankets to Balakot.

17. By Monday, major UNHCR airlifts carrying a substantive amount of relief items will be coming in from Dubai, Amman and Copenhagen, and Turkey.

18. IOM (International Organization for Migration) will have 300 tents and 6,000 blankets available on a daily basis but no movement details for those are available as yet. IOM will work with Relief International to distribute first consignment in the affected areas.

Challenges

19. All agencies report lack of clarity regarding the current shelter needs, as assessments are still ongoing.

20. Procurement as well as distribution problems are also hampering progress. This is particularly due to shortages of tents in local markets even though Pakistan is a major producer. Safety of supply deliveries is also of concern.

21. A beneficiary registration plan needs to be put in place to ensure adequate distribution of relief items.

Camp Management

Latest Developments/Achievements

22. Air reconnaissance has identified groups that may be in need of camps in the Mansehra area. Further assessments are planned for Saturday to confirm and verify exact location and numbers. Meetings have been held with the Army representative in order to discuss potential requirements in the camps cluster.

23. Stocks have been released from UNHCR warehouses to partner NGOs. Emergency staff from the UNHCR roster are being deployed. Consignments are being received from UNHCR warehouses worldwide.

Challenges

24. An analysis on camp planning is needed to ensure camps meet Sphere standards but do not become a "pull factor" for those who may not have been displaced had assistance reached them earlier. Support should also be given so that the Government is in a position to ensure camp security, an effective supply pipeline, and is able to determine optimal locations for potential camps. Also, realistic timeframes for disengagement must be taken into consideration.

25. At the moment, relief goods are being delivered with inadequate organization or security on the ground. The situation needs to be addressed with the support of the army.

26. Additional information on the location and number of spontaneous settlements of displaced people must be gathered. Settlements that could become camps should also be identified and Government authorization and commitment to organize them must be negotiated.

Water and Sanitation

Latest Developments/Achievements

27. UNICEF will set up two field offices to oversee implementation and coordination of WATSAN in Muzaffarabad and Mansehra.

28. UNICEF and Islamic Relief are planning to run a water filtering and emergency sanitation project for affected families in Muzaffarabad. Together they are aiming to re-establish the entire water system in Muzaffarabad.

29. Numerous assessments are taking place. Mercy Corps continue to do assessments up the Siran Valley. There is critical need for additional chlorine tablets and jerry cans as the local market is completely depleted. Save the Children /UK will begin conducting an assessment in Bagh. The assessment conducted by THW (Technische Hilfswerk) confirms the treatment plants can be installed at the proposed sites in Balakot and Muzaffarabad.

30. WATSAN supplies are incoming. UNICEF have received 250,000 sachets of pure water disinfectant, a further 1 million sachets has been ordered. USAID have two treatment plants arriving. THW have two treatment plants arriving. OXFAM have charter plane arriving with WATSAN supplies.

Logistics

Latest Developments/Achievements

31. In his recent visit, the Emergency Relief Coordinator (ERC), appealed to the Government for more expeditious customs procedures for incoming relief materials (particularly telecommunications equipment), airport access and facilities for storage and handling of incoming relief goods, allocation of radio frequencies in the affected areas, as well as facilitation of visas for humanitarian personnel.

32. In total there are 55 helicopters from both the Government and international donors operating from Islamabad. UNHAS has two are already operational and three are to arrive during the weekend and three more on Tuesday. Additional helicopters are expected, but more will need to be mobilized.

33. The Government has blocked exports of aviation fuel to ensure sufficient capacity for airlift and helicopter operations.

34. WFP is dispatching five storage tents, 650 MTs capacity each (total 3,000 MTs) to Muzaffarabad. IOM is making arrangements for 50 trucks to be made available for NGOs and agencies. One Twin Otter is being mobilized for regular flights to Muzaffarabad. WFP is making arrangement for up to 5 base camps for 60 persons each; the first one for Muzaffarabad is to arrive on Saturday. IFRC is mobilizing 40 trucks for secondary transport.

35. The Peshawar airport can also be used, however it is not suitable for aircraft requiring high loaders, such as B 747 or Airbus type of aircraft.

36. An assessment will be carried out by UNHAS on the possibility for landing MI 26 helicopters in all locations. Logistics assessments need to be carried further to all remote areas and shortfalls identified.

Challenges

37. Congestion at the airport in Islamabad causes severe bottlenecks. Although not confirmed, shortage of ground handling equipment has been reported. Commercial road transport rates are getting high, inflated by high demand. Remote areas such as Balakot have not yet been accessed.

38. Possibility of the Government to intervene on road transport rates is being investigated by UNJLC, and ground handling shortfalls to be addressed to UNHAS/WFP/UNICEF. All request for booking and tasking of logistical capacity are to be routed through UNJCL, who will establish the priorities.

Health

Latest Developments/Achievements

39. The Health Emergency Operations Centre (HEOC), jointly run by WHO and the Ministry of Health at the Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences in Islamabad has been the assigned facility for the coordination of all health-related activities.

40. WHO is doing an inventory and mapping a large number of institutions mobilizing and setting up field hospitals, trauma teams, and Primary Health Care facilities in the earthquake affected areas. A picture of teams locations and coverage is beginning to emerge. Field hospitals need to be established with surgeons.

41. Aga Khan Health Services Pakistan (AKHSP) treated 300 traumatic patients and 2 pregnant women. AKHSP will send 2 additional teams to Muzaffarabad. The American Refugee Committee is treating 150 patients daily. The German Red Cross is carrying out blood donations in Islamabad to ensure sufficient quantities of safe blood.

42. IMC (International Medical Corps) is mobilizing three medical teams and is focusing its actions in Balakot, where a higher number of patients have been reported. The Japanese Embassy has sent a 21 member medical team to Battagram, NWFP. UNFPA has set up two mobile Maternity Child Care units in Muzaffarabad to provide Primary Health Care. ICRC has set up a triage post where basic, lifesaving surgery is being carried out.

43. WHO is setting up an Early Warning and Response Surveillance system, starting in Muzaffarabad. MSF Holland has a psychological support team active in the affected region.

Challenges

44. Water supply in hospitals is becoming scarce because water cannot be pumped out of the wells due to lack of electricity. Because of damage to blood banks and laboratories, safe blood transfusion cannot be guaranteed. Government is requesting HIV/AIDS and Hepatitis A,B,C testing kits. Measles vaccination is a top priority.

45. It is important that local coordination arrangements be respected to avoid in equality in distribution. All medicines supplied should be according to the WHO and national list of Essential Medicines. All medical supplies donations need to follow WHO guidelines. Further health providers have also been encouraged to hire local health personnel.

46. There are not enough ambulances for transportation of patients to referral centers and an overall lack of skilled human resources has been reported, including doctors and paramedical staff.

Protection

Latest Developments/Achievements

47. ICRC is taking the lead on protection in Muzaffarabad and undertaking family tracing activities. Currently 50 international staff are on the ground, of which 25 in Muzzafarabad.

48. UNICEF is creating field offices in Muzaffarabad and Mansehra to coordinate the emergency response for child protection.

49. Pakistan Institute of Medical Science (PIMS) now houses 429 accompanied children (up from 359 yesterday). The Polyclinic Hospital (PH) houses 70 children evacuated by a helicopter, 6 of whom are unaccompanied. Police have taken custody of the children and a female police officer is with the children on the ward. Capital Development Authority Hospital (CDA) received 100 children. UNICEF will provide them with blankets from UNHCR. Half are still in critical condition and half were stabilised and shifted to a temporary facility in Aabpara.

50. Hospital capacities need to be monitored. PIMS capacity is being monitored given its initial capacity of only 250 children. The capacity of PH is stretched with patients in the corridors. All hospitals are in need of blankets.

Food and Nutrition

Latest Developments/Achievements

41. Four truckloads of high-energy biscuits (HEB) transported to Muzaffarabad and Mansehra were distributed by WFP and Oxfam. A helicopter-load of HEB arrived in Mansehra and was distributed by OXFAM.

42. The regular food pipeline tracking system should be functioning within the next few days.

43. WFP has made available its in-country stocks of wheat, vegetable oil, and dates from other programmes for immediate distribution to the affected population of 1 million.

44. Wheat will be milled and fortified with micronutrients before transportation and distribution. A local purchase of 100 MTs of HEB is in progress. There will be local procurement of pulses, iodised salt, and vegetable oil.

Challenges

45. Airport congestion/blockages of aid supplies delayed the food airlifting operation. Security during distributions remains an issue of concern.

Information and Telecommunications

Latest Developments/Achievements

46. Two telecomm technicians arrived in Islamabad yesterday. One technician was immediately dispatched to conduct an assessment in Mansehra. The main task was to look for possible sites for VHF security repeaters and get a general assessment of the terrain.

47. UNICEF is in the process of shipping 4 VSATs, expected to arrive early next week. These VSATs will provide all agencies in the four locations with Internet and telephone services.

Education Cluster

Latest Developments/Achievements

48. UNICEF is assessing the number of schools that were destroyed and number of children killed. Education and child protection rapid assessment missions are taking place in Mansehra, Balakot, Abbottabad and Batagram, and Muzaffarabad and Bagh.

49. The Education Cluster was formally created on 12 October. The first Cluster meeting was attended by UNESCO, WFP, Save the Children Alliance and UNICEF. All detailed cluster information (meeting minutes, assessments, contact information etc.) is being posted on www.un.org.pk.

50. Together with Save the Children (SCF), UNICEF is shipping 740 School-in-the-box kits, each kit is for 80 children. Another 2000 kits are still needed.

India - Jammu and Kashmir

Situation

51. As of 14 October 1,297 casualties have been confirmed.

52. Following the main earthquake, 39 aftershocks of magnitudes above 5.0 on the Richter scale are reported to have occurred so far in the affected areas.

53. There has been slight deterioration in the weather conditions in the State because of a decline in temperature and scattered rains in parts of Jammu and Kashmir including in Uri and Tangdhar areas.

National Response

54. The Indian Government has not requested international assistance.

55. The Cabinet Secretary held the second National Crisis Management Committee meeting on 13 October and reviewed the ongoing relief operations as well as procurement and transportation of relief material to the affected areas.

56. The Government of India, State Governments, Armed Forces and Central Para Military Forces have responded promptly to the situation by providing relief material for the earthquake-affected areas. The airlift of relief material is continuing with major efforts.

General Information

57. The latest information on projects and funding for the Flash Appeal, and for the emergency overall, can be found on the Financial Tracking Service (http://ocha.unog.ch/fts/reports/reportlist.asp?section=CE&record_ID=688).

58. Further information on earthquake appeals and funding is available on ReliefWeb (http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/dbc.nsf/doc105?OpenForm&rc=3&emid=EQ-2005-000174-PAK).

59. Contact details of focal points for information on in-kind and cash contributions can be found at http://earthquake05.un.org.pk/

60. OCHA will revert with further information as it becomes available. This situation report, together with further information on ongoing emergencies, is also available on the OCHA Internet Website at http://www.reliefweb.int.

MAP: South Asia (Pakistan, India): Earthquake - Situation map (PDF format, 1,422 KB)

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