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Japanese Encephalitis in India and Nepal, 24 Oct 2005

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As of 24 October 2005, a total of 5347 cases of suspect Japanese Encephalitis (JE) with 1180 deaths (case fatality rate of 22%) has been reported from Uttar Pradesh, India since the outbreak started in July. Of the total suspect cases reported, 387 cases and 95 deaths (CFR 24.5%) are from the adjoining state of Bihar.
The Government has intensified vector control measures (both antilarval and anti adult) and distributed 200,000 mosquito nets. A plan for immunizing children between the ages of 1-12 years is being drawn up for the next year.

WHO continues to closely monitor the situation and is providing technical and logistic support especially in the area of vaccines, supply of diagnostic reagents and on vector control measures.

In Nepal, as of 27 September 2005 a total of 1879 suspect JE cases have been reported of which 298 have died (CFR:16%). Of these, 1636 cases and 262 deaths have occurred in the western, mid-western and far-western regions of Nepal. WHO is working closely with the national authorities and providing technical support.

For more information on Japanese Encephalitis, see Communicable Diseases