A. Situation analysis
Description of the disaster
The states of Assam and Manipur experienced flooding for the third time after the DREF allocation was approved.
Although there is no change in the geographical coverage of floods or in the total number of deaths reported during the third round of floods, most of the operational areas were cut off until the last week of August. Currently, sporadic rainfall is still reported in the operational area in Assam and flood water levels were raised once again in early September.
Assam State Disaster Management Authority set up around 131 relief camps sheltering around 35,000 persons and 192 relief distribution centres. The effect of floods has been increasing year after year, and routine interventions are no longer fully adequate given the size of the flooding. As in the previous year, those most affected cannot make ends meet without support from either government or humanitarian agencies.
In Manipur, many low-lying areas in and around Imphal, the capital of Manipur, were inundated by flood waters. The road network was cut off at many places due to landslides. Flood waters still remain at many low-lying areas, increasing vulnerability for water borne diseases. Four districts – Imphal West, Imphal East, Thoubal and Bishnupur were the most affected districts. As per the estimates reported by Manipur State Department of Relief and Disaster Management, approximately 3,000 families, 27,000 livestock were affected.
Relief materials were dispatched to both Assam and Manipur from regional warehouses of the Indian Red Cross Society (IRCS). The remaining materials are currently on the way, after initial delay caused by damaged roads and railway tracks. Transporting material using trucks is a challenge during the monsoon season, especially for Manipur, as all goods need to be transported via Guwahati, the capital of Assam.
A joint rapid needs assessment was conducted by Sphere India chapter and the assessed needs align closely with the strategy and activities of the current DREF operation. However, the needs in Assam are much more than what could be covered under the DREF operation. The IRCS has therefore launched a domestic appeal to support its longer-term relief and recovery plan, which seeks to scale up the assistance to all floods affected states in India including Assam and Manipur.