India: Joint Rapid Needs Assessment report on Assam floods 2016


1. Executive Summary

Joint Rapid Needs Assessment was carried out in 10 districts covering 28 flood affected villages by a team of IAG Assam members in some of the worst affected villages as well as worst affected districts. One of the limitations of the report is that the assessment was limited to a few affected districts with availability of less number of volunteers. Data was also received from other affected districts as well. The findings and analysis also includes first hand observations and findings from SitReps and situational analysis from member agencies in the affected districts.

It has been observed that out to 28 villages which were assessed, 13 villages recorded 100% of the households flood affected. Approximately 10699 people are reported to be displaced and approximately 4113 number of children have been affected. An approximate total of 5841 women and 5541 no. of men have been affected in the 13 assessed flood affected villages. However information was not available from 9 villages on these above mentioned particulars. It was found that an approximate figure of 122 pregnant and nursing mothers found in the assessed areas. It was observed that the affected people were taking shelters in schools buildings, embankments, raised platforms and roadsides. Some people were also taking shelter in sub-centres, market sheds, temples and in houses of their relatives.

85% of the people were found to be still defecating in open areas which may lead to serious health consequences. It has been found that 75% of the villages were under the risk of water contamination at source. 82% of the assessed areas reported insufficiency of water containers of appropriate size and types. It was found that 75% of the women were found to be using cloth for menstrual hygiene practices pre-disaster. 72% of the assesses areas reported that they had food security only for a period of less than one week. Which goes to imply that there is an urgent need for intervention in food security among the affected people. It has been found from the analysis above that 21% of the asessed areas significant changes in the total amount of food that female are eating since the disaster and they reported that the amount of food intake had decreased. Alarmingly no response was received from 72% of the respondents in the affected areas. In 82% of the affected areas the total amount of food intake by male members of the households since disaster has decreased. 68% of the assessed areas stated that the total amount of food intake among children since disaster has significantly decreased. Availability of fooder in the affected areas was found to be one of the major concerns. 93% of the affected areas reported availability of fodder for cattle for a period of less than a week.

Shelter and requirement of tarpaulins has come as one of the major necessities in the flood affected areas. There is also a serious need to advocate for livelihood opportunities to the affected communities through provision of loans from banks and other livelihood opportunities from NGOs and civil society partners.