India: Floods Situation Report 27 Jul 2004

As of 27July 2004 Event : Floods


Current situation

  • All of the 27 districts are now affected by floods
  • 10,313 villages have so far been affected by the floods this year affecting a population of 12.01 million approximately
  • 186,557 houses have been damaged
  • 144 deaths
  • Approximately 1.634 million people are spread over 1,662 camps
  • Total crop area affected is estimated to be 789,313 hectares
  • Flood situation in the state will continue to be serious
  • Lifelines are badly damaged with a number of roads closed to traffic due to damage (approximately 562 kms of National Highways); railway traffic has also been suspended in many areas (eg, Lumding-Badarpur suspended due to landslides since 10 July).
  • 24 breaches of the embankment have happened in the month of July alone
  • There are few reports of cases of diarrhea however surveillance and reporting is being strengthened

Map of Flooded Areas in Assam
Source : UNDP Team


All state and district administration have taken steps for relief and rescue operation. The officials of all line departments of state and central government have been asked to assist the district administration in the relief and rescue operations and have responded as follows:

  • Army and Air Force assistance have been utilized in rescue operation. 11Air Force helicopters and 69 powerboats are engaged for rescue of marooned people
  • Army speed boats are also utilized for rescue of the affected people.
  • 20 Army columns have been providing assistance in various districts
  • Calamity Relief Funds (from Central government amounting to 462.2 million RS) have been earmarked for distribution of relief goods like food stuff, kerosene, drinking water, and medicine
  • Needed health supplies and medicines have been identified and sent by the Ministry of Health including ORS packets and halogen tablets
  • Epidemic Surveillance by the National Institute of Communicable Diseases (NICD) and National Vector Borne Disease Control Program (NVBDCP) and the Regional Director of Health and Family Welfare in Guwahati are on high alert
  • Emergency Wireless Communications are also being set-up
  • Efforts to address water and sanitation issues such as distribution of water purifying tablets; cleaning and repair of wells have been implemented
  • Support from civil society and international organizations together with bilateral assistance has been provided

Points of concern:

  • Lack of proper hygiene in relief camps and stagnation of water if the current conditions continue may lead to epidemics of water borne diseases
  • Lack of dry storage points to store food and relief items
  • Landslides have further hindered the transport of relief items

Current Needs:

  • Rescue operations in three districts (eg., Golpara, Cachar and Morigaon) as well as equipment : rubber boats; Bailley Bridges
  • Roads needing immediate repair and bridging
  • Other relief items - polyethylene sheets; bleaching powder, tents, matches and candles, food items and medicines (as per request of the State Government mainly ORS and halogen tablets)

As of 27 July 2004


Current Situation

  • 19 of 38 districts have been affected.
  • 452 people have died
  • 21.17 million people affected
  • 8901 villages affected
  • 501,420 houses damaged
  • Crop damage is estimated at 1.38 million hectares

Maps of Flooded Areas of Bihar
Source : UNDP Team


Lead by State Government in coordination with central government

  • State and Central Government Coordination meetings have been conducted regularly to assist the affected population
  • A total of 10 Army columns for food relief deployed with 6062 boats for rescue and relief operations
  • Inter-ministerial team has been constituted for detailed assessments in the state
  • Ministry of Health has been requested to provide 5 million
  • halogen tablets and to send a specialist team to flood affected areas of Assam to advice the State Govt. on actions to be taken to prevent the outbreak of epidemic situation. Procurement of other medical supplies are currently being arranged
  • An assessment of medicines and health supplies needed has resulted in the procurement of 26 essential medicines
  • The Calamity Relief Fund of Rs.818 million has been released for Bihar.
  • Infrastructure support- temporary roads, bridges, repair of embankments, irrigation and livestock needs and emergency communication networks have been coordinated by the Chief Secretary
  • NGO coordination meeting is conducted regularly to define roles and responsibilities
  • Additional assistance from civil society groups, international organizations have also been provided

Current needs

Polyethylene sheets and tents for shelter purposes

From a report by: Dr Bipin Verma, EHA Focal Point WHO India Office

Sources of Information : Government Report (Ministry of Home Affairs) ; UNDP Team, Media Reports, NGOs in Assam; Disaster Management Department, Govt. of Bihar; Indian Meteorological Department (IMD); Central Water Commission (CWC); UNDP Bihar Team