NATURE OF THE DISASTER: Floods
Bihar has been affected by floods and so far 18 districts have been affected by floods in the state. The first wave of floods took place in the last week of June and has resulted in the displacement of lakhs of people. The situation became critical on 1st August, 03 as 6.34 lakh cusec of water was released from Valmikinagar barrage which inundated large areas of Western Champaran and Gopalganj. This high volume of water was released due to heavy rainfall in the upper catchment areas of Nepal. As per information received from IMD, scanty to light rainfall in is expected all through Bihar & the upper catchment areas of Son till 26.08.03.
- 18 out of 38 districts have been affected. There are ongoing relief operations in Katihar, Darhanga, Supaul, Samastipur, Katihar, W. Champaran, Purnia, Muzaffarpur, Araria, E. Champaran Bhagalpur and Vaishali.
- Punpun River is flowing above danger level.
- Ganga is flowing above danger level and is expected to increase.
- Ghaghra River is flowing above danger level and expected to increase further.
- Burhi Gandak is flowing above danger level.
- Bagmati is flowing above danger level and is expected to increase.
- Gandak is flowing above danger level.
- The water level of the Adhwara group of rivers are flowing above their respective danger levels.
- Kamlabalan River is flowing below danger level.
- Kosi River is flowing above danger level at Baltara & Kursela and expected to increase further.
- Burhi Gandak and Mahananda Rivers are flowing below danger level and are expected to decrease further in due course of time.
- Champaran Embankment on Gandak River is under pressure and about 1000 feet is highly vulnerable near Nagdaha. The situation is critical but under control. The Tirhut embankment is under pressure, and the Saran embankment is safe at present.
- The left embankment on Kamlabalan is damaged at several places (erosion of the top layer of soil) due to heavy rainfall in the last two days. Protection work is being done. The embankment is safe.
- The embankments of Kosi River are safe and all the vulnerable points are being kept under vigil.
- The left embankment of Burhi Gandak River is also under pressure, and measures to protect it are underway.
- The embankment on Bagmati river at Karachin Badla Ghat is under pressure.
- The embankment on Ganga River near Chandpur Dhamoul is vulnerable but protection work has been undertaken and the embankment is safe.
- The right embankment of Burhi Gandak River is under pressure at several places and appropriate measures have been taken to protect the embankments.
NATURE OF THE DISASTER: Assam Flood
Heavy floods in Assam have affected 22 districts (out of the total 24 districts in the State). These districts are Dhemaji, Nalbari, Haillakandi, parts of Kamrup, Kamrup (Metro), Karimganj, Darrang, Dhubri, Goalpara, Morigaon, Golaghat, Sonitpur, Jorhat, Sivasagar, Naigaon, Barpeta, Karbi Anglong North Lakhimpur Dibrugarh, Bongaigaon, Tinsukia and Kokrajhar. This flood has caused widespread damage to human life and property, standing crops, existing PWD, flood control embankments and other basic infrastructure. The total numbers of deaths occurred due to flood is 30.
The flood situation in all the districts of the state is improving as almost all the rivers are flowing below danger level.
The second wave of flood has extensively damaged the human habitation, standing crops, roads, bridges &embankments, irrigation system, water supply installation and other public institutions. Relief camps were opened to shelter the flood affected people in different places but with the improvement in the situation few of the camps have been closed.
Future threat: In the year 2002, 54 breaches on embankments occurred and prior to 2002, 129 breaches had occurred out of which only 54 minor breaches were closed and rest 129 minor and major breaches remain open. So as Assam experiences three to four waves of floods, so the next wave of flood (if any )may inundate vast areas and large scale damage.
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