India

India : Flood Relief in Bihar, West Bengal and Uttar Pradesh - ASIN83 Revised

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Appeal
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Posted
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The persistent and unprecedented rains are continuing to widen the extent of flooding of vast areas of northern India. Since ACT issued Appeal ASIN83 on 1 September 1998, it has become clear that the situation is rapidly deteriorating. ACT Member, Church’s Auxiliary for Social Action (CASA) has submitted a request for additional funding in order to provide assistance to a greater number of beneficiaries than specified in the original appeal.
CASA plans to provide assistance to 10,000 families who have lost most of their belongings and some of whom are now living in the relief camps set up by the district administration and State Governments. Due to the extent of the emergency, the government is not equipped to provide adequate assistance and there is a desperate need for food, clothing, domestic kitchen utensils, blankets, temporary shelters and medical aid.

UPDATE ON THE EMERGENCY - provided by LWF-India.

Fresh torrential rains which continue to lash the already inundated areas in Malda and Murshidabad Districts in West Bengal, show no signs of relenting. Sixteen people were reportedly drowned during recent rescue operations. Defense personnel and other volunteers continue in their efforts to rescue those marooned. The Government and NGOs are working hand-in-hand to reach people in need of immediate assistance. The need for food, drinking water, medicines and shelter materials is enormous.

The power supply has not been restored in most areas and the water stagnation situation has not changed. The deluge of turbulent water from the rivers and canals in Bangladesh is still rolling down to the adjoining districts in India.

LWF-India continues to receive frantic calls from various districts asking them to rush in with more relief supplies. Six relief teams are working in Bihar and Bengal and so far they have provided assistance to several thousand families with food, medicines, clothing and shelter materials. Any further delay in obtaining funds to provide emergency assistance to the victims will have dire effects on many thousands of families.

The LWF-India team in Malda District briefed the LWF-Calcutta office about their work in Rajnagar Colony, constructed by LWF-India in 1978. The 720 houses were submerged by the recent floods and the team was sent to Rajnagar Colony with dry food. It took four and a half hours by boat to reach the Marginal Bundh on the river Ganges where several thousand families had taken shelter.

People had been sheltering on the embankment since 17 July and consequently had consumed the food stocks they had with them. A Panchayat Member who had guided the relief team in the country boat helped them to identify the people from Rajnagar Colony. The relief team had to send their boat back for drinking water and about 3,100 kilos of Chira (pressed rice) and Gur (Jaggery) which was shared by the families occupying the embankment but many thousands of families in the remote villages still remain outside the reach of food and potable water.

Your immediate attention and support for both programmes in the appeal will be greatly appreciated.

Please kindly send your contributions to the ACT bank account.

For further information, please contact:

ACT Co-ordinator, Miriam Lutz (Phone 41-22-791 60 32 or mobile phone ++41-89 203 60 55)
or
ACT Appeals Officer, Dirk Van Gorp (Phone 41-22-791 6040).

ACT Web Site address: http://www.wcc-coe.org/act/

Miriam Lutz
ACT Co-ordinator

I. REQUESTING ACT MEMBERS’ INFORMATION

LWF Department for World Service - India Programme (LWF-India) - this section of the original appeal remains the same as in Appeal ASIN83 dated 1 September 1998.

Church’s Auxiliary for Social Action (CASA) is requesting additional funding for the following revised and extended project which replaces CASA’s previous proposal and budget in the original Appeal ASIN83.

CASA is registered as a Society under the Societies' Registration Act XXI of 1860. Its members consist of 24 Protestant and Orthodox Churches in India. Please refer to page 10 of the original appeal for further details concerning CASA.

II. LOCATION AND DESCRIPTION OF CASA’s AREA OF ACTIVITIES

BIHAR

Most of the rivers flowing down from Nepal enter India through Bihar. Due to unprecedented heavy rainfall in the catchment areas of these rivers as many as 28 districts of this state have been declared flood affected. Out of these Darbhanga, Madhubani, Sitamarhi, Munger, Motihari, Katihar, Samastipur and Saharsa are the worst affected. More than 330 people have lost their lives and a population of more than 12 million are affected. Damage to crops and property is provisionally assessed as Rs. 400 crores.

CASA is proposing to work in the Belsand block of Sitamarhi where 42 villages with a population of 73,025 is severely affected and the Madhepura block of Madhubani districts where the affected population numbers 135,133 and is spread over 80 villages. This information has been collected from media reports, field visit reports by CASA staff , information from Samajik Chetna Kendra and Barh Mukti Abhiyan two partner NGO's from the area.

WEST BENGAL

In West Bengal out of the total 7 districts declared flood affected, Malda, Murshidabad and Uttar Dinajpur are the worst affected since all major rivers including the Ganga, Mahananda and Fulahar are flowing well above the danger level. Approximately 149 people have lost their lives as a direct result of the floods and the affected population numbers well over 3.8 million. Damage to crops and property is estimated to be in the vicinity of Rs. 2.75 billion. More than 250,000 houses have been totally damaged and will require reconstruction. Murshidabad and Uttar Dinajpur districts have been selected for assistance, 2,600 villages with a population of 3,120,000 are affected and 51 persons have lost their lives. 21,000 houses have been washed away, 49,500 are partially damaged. In Uttar Dinajpur district 919 villages are inundated affecting a total population of 1,102,800. 29 persons have died and 19,000 houses have been totally destroyed while 35,000 are partially damaged.

This information has been derived from media sources and from NGO partners in the affected area.

ASSAM

In Assam 21 districts are affected. Out of these the worst affected are Dhemaji, Dibrugarh, Golaghat, Marigaon, Lakhimpur and Nalbari. A population of about 4 million has been affected and 165 persons have lost their lives. Crops and property damages are assessed at Rs. 2 billion.

In Dhemaji district which has been selected by CASA for relief operations, 370 villages with a population of 283,000 are affected. 2,800 houses have been swept away due to breaches in river embankments totalling 4,150 metres. Rainfall has been the heaviest in 10 years and it is forecast to continue until October. This area has a drainage system cutting solely through Dhemaji district of Assam which is located in the foothills of Arunachal Pradesh. The rivers that drain the area are Kumotia, Jiadhal, Gai, Subansiri and Siang (the river Siang comes from Tibet - and is called the Brahmaputra in Assam). The flow from each of these rivers hits Dhemaji district first and then other parts of Assam.

The population of Dhemaji comprises of people from Mishings, Bodos, Kacharies, Deories and others tribes. They have a mainly agriculture based economy, which is adversely affected due to severely water logged soil caused by the floods. The water is expected to remain in the fields and villages until end October and flood victims from the inundated villages will have to stay in the Government shelters provided in school, colleges and community halls of the district or by the people themselves. Provisions made by the Government are inadequate and there is every chance of deaths due to starvation occurring in forthcoming months. Water borne diseases, viral fever and malnutrition is commonly seen in these camps as a result of food shortages, unsafe drinking water and poor sanitation. This information is based on media reports, field visits made by CASA staff and information received from Rural Volunteer Centre, a partner NGO from the area.

Summary of people affected by the emergency:

State Population
Areas to be covered by CASA
Population
Bihar 12 million
Belsand in Sitamarhi district Madhepura in Madhubani district
approx. 208,158
West Bengal 3.8 million
Murshidabad, North Dinajpur districts
still being assessed
Assam 4 million
Dhemaji district
approx. 283,000
Number of people dead and/or injured:

More than 644 people have died as a direct result of the floods in these three states. The number of people displaced however, runs into millions. More people are dying every day from water borne diseases, drowning, snakebite etc. There are well founded fears of outbreaks of epidemics once the water begins to recede.

III. DETAILS OF TARGETED BENEFICIARIES

The flood victims in the above mentioned districts and blocks belong to all sections of the society including the landed rich, traders, urban and rural artisans and non skilled workers, large, small and marginal farmers, landless labourers, etc.

CASA's programme will be addressed to meet the needs of the weakest sections of the community, regardless of ethnic, religious or political considerations. CASA is targeting its humanitarian aid to 10,000 families who have lost most of their belongings and some of whom are now living in the relief camps set up by the district administration and State Governments. The targeted beneficiaries are in desperate need of food, clothes, domestic kitchen utensils, blankets, temporary shelters and medical aid.

In the rehabilitation stage CASA intends to assist in the repair of flood damaged houses, repair and construct flood shelters-cum-school buildings, install tubewells for potable water and conduct training programmes for district and panchayat level disaster preparedness.

IV. APPEAL GOAL AND OBJECTIVES

Immediate Relief Assistance:

CASA proposes to assist 10,000 families by distributing one standard relief set to each family. The standard CASA relief set contains one saree (female attire), one dhoty (male attire), one blanket and 9 pieces of aluminum kitchen utensils. 10,000 food packets consisting of 3 kgs of pressed rice and 500 grams of jaggery will also be distributed to supplement the diet of the flood victims. As there is no electricity in the affected areas and the supply of kerosene oil is scarce CASA will also supply 10,000 packets of candles (each containing 12 candles) and matches - one box of matches per packet. Medical aid in the form of anti-diarrhoeal and anti-cholera medicines, paracetamol tablets, merchrochrome solution, bandages, metrogyl compound, antibiotic tablets, water purification tablets and chemicals for disinfection and sanitation will be provided. In addition to this CASA proposes to distribute 1 polythene sheet each to 2,500 selected families so that they can set up temporary homes till alternate arrangements are made for their accommodation.

CASA's relief teams are already in both areas to survey the damage and identify the most vulnerable families. The distribution of relief material will commence as soon as funds are available. This phase of the programme will be completed within two months.

Rehabilitation Phase

Construction of Flood Shelters:
The rehabilitation phase will start immediately thereafter. CASA envisages the construction of five flood shelters which can be used as schools during the dry seasons.

Repair of damaged houses:
CASA proposes to assist 5,000 families by providing them with partial support for repair or reconstruction of their damaged houses.

Installation of 100 tubewells:
Installation of 100 tubewells in the flood prone areas above the high water mark to ensure supply of potable water even during floods.

This part of the programme is expected to take six months to complete. The whole project is expected to be completed by the end of July 1999.

Procurement Plan:
Some relief sets have already been purchased as a part of CASA’s disaster preparedness programme. Other relief items, including the medicines, will be procured locally by purchase committees consisting of the CZO relief team leader and representatives of local churches and organisations.

V. CO-ORDINATION

The proposed programme will be implemented directly by five CASA teams placed in the five proposed districts. However, CASA has identified the following NGOs in different districts who will be closely collaborating in the relief programme.

Dhemaji (Assam)

Rural Volunteers Centre, P.O. Silapathar, DT Dhemaji
North Bank Baptist Christian Association, Sakomato, Assam

Sitamari (Bihar)

Rajendra Institute of Education and Social Welfare, Dhumari
Nav Jiban Social Welfare, Society Marpa Kothi

Mothihari (Bihar)

Patwara Rural health and Development Project

Murshidabad (West Bengal)

We are in the process of identifying NGOs who can collaborate with CASA in the relief programme

North Dinajpur (West Bengal)

as above

Apart from the above stated organisations CASA will ensure active participation of the churches. CASA is requesting various churches to send volunteers to join the CASA teams for relief operations. As an auxiliary of the churches, CASA will play an important role by extending support and resources to the affected people in collaboration with the churches and NGOs. This will enable the churches and local NGOs in Assam, Bihar and West Bengal to be actively involved at the field level and signify ecumenical care and solidarity with the poor and suffering communities. It will also be an ideal opportunity for CASA to strengthen the local NGO networks by providing them with resources to combat the flood situation.

As mentioned previously, five relief teams will be involved in implementing relief and follow up activities in the proposed five districts. All the teams will be headed by Field Officers of CASA who have a vast number of years of experience in handling such programmes. The programme will be co-ordinated by the Eastern Zone office headed by the Chief Zonal Officer and additional Emergency Officer of the Zone. Each Relief team will have 8 to 10 additional workers (CASA staff and volunteers from local NGOs and Churches).

The matter of extending the relief programme into the states of Assam, Bihar and West Bengal has been discussed with Lutheran World Federation, India. LWF-India is initiating relief and rehabilitation programmes in Malda district of West Bengal and Bhagalpur, Subal, Madhubani and Darbhanga districts in Bihar. CASA will take up relief programmes in the districts of Murshidabad and Uttar Dinajpur in West Bengal and Sitamarhi and Mothihari districts in Bihar so that the efforts will be complementary.

To improve co-ordination and understanding there will be a reciprocal sharing of information and progress reports between CASA and LWF-India. To facilitate co-ordination a committee will be formed, consisting of the following representatives:-

a. Two representatives from CASA.
b. One representative from the Village Panchayat
c. One representative from the Church
d. One from a local partner NGOs
e. One representative from the Government (preferably the Block Development Officer or the Emergency Officer)

The target community will be involved in the identification of beneficiaries and the distribution of relief material.

The programme will be monitored by the Delhi headquarters of CASA.

VI. APPEAL BUDGET - CASA

Description
Type of Unit
No. of Units
Unit Cost
Budget InR
Budget USD
Emergency Relief:
Saree
piece
10,000
85
850,000
20,238
Dhoty
piece
10,000
45
450,000
10,714
Acrylic blankets
piece
10,000
100
1,000,000
23,810
Aluminum kitchen utensils
set
10,000
140
1,400,000
33,333
Food parcels
packet
10,000
50
500,000
11,905
Polythene sheets
piece
2,500
500
1,250,000
29,762
Candles, match boxes
piece
10,000
20
200,000
4,762
Medicines
lump sum
250,000
5,952
sub total
5,900,000
140,476
Rehabilitation:
House repairs
per house
5,000
1,500
7,500,000
178,571
Flood shelter/school bldg
per shelter
5
1,000,000
5,000,000
119,048
Tube wells
each
100
33,500
3,350,000
79,762
Disaster prepared. trng
workshop
15
10,000
150,000
3,571
sub total
16,000,000
380,952
Transport and Handling:
Long distance and local
lump sum
240,000
5,714
sub total
240,000
5,714
Personnel, Operational and Administration Costs:
Staff Salaries (10)
month
10
60,000
600,000
14,286
Honorar. volunteers (20)
month
8
40,000
320,000
7,619
Staff accommod.(10)
month
10
45,000
450,000
10,714
Staff meals (10)
month
10
24,000
240,000
5,714
Vehicle maint., fuel, hire (2)
month
8
20,000
160,000
3,810
Tel, fax, postage, stationery
month
10
30,000
300,000
7,143
Office rent
month
10
6,000
60,000
1,429
sub total
2,130,000
50,714
REVISED TOTAL EXPENDITURE - CASA
24,270,000
577,857
BUDGET SUMMARY:
LWF-INDIA
31,419,749
757,103
CASA
24,270,000
577,857
TOTAL REQUEST TO ACT NETWORK
USD 1,334,960
APPEAL FACT SHEET

Appeal Number: ASIN83 Revised

Appeal Name: Flood Relief in Bihar, West Bengal & Uttar Pradesh

Date Issued: 15 September 1998

Project Completion Date: 31 July 1999

Revised Project Description for CASA:

CASA proposes to assist 10,000 of the most vulnerable flood affected families with emergency food and non-food items and potable water sources. Medical aid will be provided in the form of anti-diarrhoeal and anti-cholera medicines along with other basic emergency medical items. In addition, selected families will be provided with polythene sheets to be set up as temporary homes until alternative arrangements can be made.

Implementing Partner
Activity Description

Appeal Target (USD)
CASA
Relief sets, medicines, reconstruction/repair of dwellings, installation of tubewells, flood shelters
577,857
LWF
Food, shelter, relief items, medical assistance, water & sanitation
757,103
TOTAL REVISED APPEAL TARGET: $ 1,334,960

Pledges can be communicated to ACT by using the Appeal Pledge Form

ACT - Action by Churches Together
Account Number: 102539/0.01.61
Banque Edouard Constant
Cours de Rive 11
Case postale 3754
1211 Genève 3
SWITZERLAND

APPEAL PLEDGE FORM

(Please fax to the ACT Co-ordinating Office - Fax:++41 22 791 6506)

Appeal Name: Flood Relief in Bihar, West Bengal & Uttar Pradesh
Appeal Number: ASIN83 Revised

Appeal Target: 1,334,960 US$
Project Completion Date: 31 July 1999

Contributing organization: ........................................
Telephone number:..............................

Contact person: ..........................................

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