India

India: Bihar Floods DREF n° MDRIN019 Operations Update n° 1

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SITUATION ANALYSIS

Description of the disaster

Heavy and intense monsoon rains created havoc across the north and north-eastern part of India between June and August 2017. While Assam and Manipur in north-east received floods for the third time during this year; rains in the north, Himalayan region especially Nepal, resulted in flooding across Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, West Bengal. This flooding has been described as the worst to affect the state since 2008.

In the northern part of the country, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal were the worst affected states. Thirteen million people affected in Bihar alone with deaths mounting to approximately 500. The unofficial reports indicate many more deaths whose dead bodies were never retrieved, who were buried under mud and flowed away in flood waters.

Although the damages in Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal were comparatively less, floods affected these states too, disrupting normal life and caused heavy damages to infrastructure, livelihoods, etc.

It is important to note that the geographical area affected by floods this year was more than the area affected by the Koshi river floods a few years back, which displaced thousands of people overnight in 21 districts across Bihar.