India

Climate Risk Screening of the WSP Portfolio in India: Identifying Key Risk Areas and Potential Opportunities

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The 2009 Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change meeting in Copenhagen, and the latest Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Report (2007), has confirmed the consensus amongst scientists and policy makers that human-induced global climate change is now occurring. The Copenhagen meeting also confirmed the need for action to mitigate and adapt to climate change. India has recently signed the Copenhagen accord, agreeing to work with other nations to address the issues and threats posed by climate change.

The threats of climate change to the global and local water balances are expected to be significant. The donors who provide aid to countries such as India are now concerned that the aid given may not deliver the expected benefits. Thus the risks posed by climate change need to be assessed and practical adaptation measures are required to minimize the threats of man-made climate change.

In this report, the major issues of climate change as they affect rural and urban water supply and sanitation in India are addressed through a risk screening of the Water and Sanitation Program's (WSP's) work during 2009-10. Also, the potential to adapt to climate change is going to be a key issue for the future and so recommendations on adaptation measures are presented. Finally, a draft action plan is developed to achieve these adaptations.