1. Brief description of the emergency and impact
India has been experiencing heavy monsoon rains over the past weeks and flooding has threatened many areas. Two regions in the west – Gujarat and Rajasthan, as well as the eastern regions of Odisha and West Bengal have been the most severely hit. Following landfall by Cyclone Komen on the Bangladesh coast, heavy storms lashed West Bengal and Odisha this weekend exacerbating the situation in already flooded areas. Jharkhand, Nagaland, Mizoram, Manipur, Tripura and parts of Assam also experienced heavy rains. Sea conditions remain rough and fishermen have been warned against venturing out into the open sea off and along the West Bengal and Odisha coasts.
Over the last few days 120 people have died in India due to the flooding and the toll is rising. In West Bengal more than 36 million people have been affected by the floods.
More than 210 blocks in several districts across the state are inundated due to water being released from dams. Flooding of farmland, towns and villages has been reported from several districts of South Bengal such as Howrah, Hooghly, Burdwan, Bankura, South 24 Parganas North, South 24 Parganas South,Murshidabsd east Midnapore and East Midnapore. Livelihood has been disrupted, communications and infrastructure destroyed or damaged. A shortage of food and basic needs has been reported in various parts of the state. More rains are forecast over the next days.
As of 27 July heavy rains have lashed parts of Rajasthan, as areas bordering Gujarat battle flooding.
Jalore and Sirohi districts in Rajasthan are severely affected. Continuous rainfall over 26 – 29 July in northern Gujarat has resulted in the River Banas bursting its banks for the first time in 25 years. The death toll in the state has reached 27 (3 August). Banaskantha, Patan and Mehsana districts are the worst-affected. Many parts of Banaskantha district are cut off from the mainland and power supplies are disrupted in many areas. The area is semi-arid and desert so has no flood preparedness in place.