Hungary + 2 more

Hungary, Romania, Ukraine: Floods Appeal No. 13/01 (Revised budget) Situation Report No. 1

Format
Appeal
Source
Posted
Originally published


period covered: 9 - 28 March, 2001
The Hungarian, Romanian, and Ukrainian national societies, with the support of the Federation, have mounted an effective and professional response to the floods. The positive role played in coordinating disaster response efforts with the authorities has raised the overall profile of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, in turn facilitating fundraising for the immediate needs as well as reinforcing the ongoing traditional activities. The experience gathered by the branches in the affected areas will be useful for transferring knowledge to other branches in each country. While the government authorities shift their focus to repairing infrastructure in the coming months, the task of meeting the basic needs of the beneficiaries will increasingly fall to the Red Cross and Red Crescent and other humanitarian actors, and further support for this appeal will be critical to meetings these needs.

This Situation Report includes a revised budget for Romania and Hungary (attached), and with this report Preliminary Appeal no. 13/00 is now considered a full appeal.

The context

Tens of thousands of people in north-eastern Hungary and north-western Romania have been uprooted as Central Europe faced serious floods in early March. Forced to flee for safety in a sudden exodus, some 30,000 people left their homes with little more than they could carry. Most found shelter in community buildings and with host families in other communities. In the Ukraine, the combination of rapidly melting snow and heavy rain caused the Tisa river and its tributaries (the Borzhava, Latoritsia and Uzh) to rise to record levels, resulting in flooding in the Beregovo, Vinogradovo, Irshava, Rakhiv, Tyachiv and Khust Districts. Entire communities were forced from their homes, raising fears for the future well being of the population. Reports indicate some 33,539 houses were flooded, out of which 1,705 are considered beyond repair.

To respond to the needs and to support the respective national societies, the Federation launched Appeal no. 13/01 on 9 March, 2001. CHF 150,000 was allocated from the Federation’s Disaster Relief Emergency Fund (DREF) to immediately begin the delivery of food parcels to the intended beneficiaries, with CHF 50,000 supporting action in each country.

Latest events

Hungary

The immediate disaster response responsibility was assumed and co-ordinated by the Hungarian authorities, civil protection and rescue teams and other disaster response bodies. Enough professional human resources were available as well as the means of conducting the operations. Rescue operations were effectively managed, the possible outbreaks of disease was minimized, and flood control measures/actions functioned very well, limiting potential damage.

Following the cutting of the main road in the flood prone area water level has decreased and the Tisa river has receded. As soon as the settlements were accessible the governmental disaster management units immediately began to collect dead livestock and disinfected houses, yards and roads. Most of the evacuees have returned to their homes and started to assess their losses. The government has set up a reconstruction committee to collect information on infrastructure housing damage. The government has indicated that efforts will be made to build replacements housing or repair damage by September, 2001.

Damage to agricultural land will preclude cultivation this year, leaving most of the population in the flood affected area without their main source of income. The government, through local municipalities, has requested the civil society sector to play an active role in providing basic living assistance to victims of the flood.

Romania

From 3-8 March the floods swept over 11 districts (Alba, Botosani, Bihor, Bistrita, Cluj, Harghita, Hunedoara, Maramures, Satu-Mare, Salaj and Suceava). Some 175 communities were affected, close to 4,000 families, and 13,000 fields. Some 4,500 people were forced to leave their homes for several days.

As in Hungary, the response during the emergency phase was lead by the competent designated authorities and catastrophe intervention teams. The immediate response was successful, with no deaths and limited damage to infrastructure. The disinfecting process has been completed in all the affected areas. To date most of the evacuees have returned to their homes, with some 300 people still accommodated with relatives and neighbours. Most of the flood victims have lost their food reserves and will not be able to cultivate their lands.

Ukraine

While some 13,769 people were evacuated as of 22 March, many others expressed reluctance to leave their homes for fear of being robbed. Helicopters, boats and trucks for the rescue and delivery of relief items were provided by the Ministry of Emergency Situations. Those evacuated have been hosted by schools, kinder gardens and medical social rooms of the Red Cross. The Ukrainian Government is focusing its efforts on providing relief to 13 affected districts of the Zakarpattya Region. In addition, reconstruction work has started on major infrastructure facilities, including sewerage stations and wells.

Red Cross/Red Crescent action

Hungarian Red Cross

The Hungarian Red Cross (HRC) has been actively working together with the governmental co-ordination body in rescue operations and supplied the victims with the most urgent needed items from the HRC regional disaster preparedness warehouses, including: mattresses, food and hygiene items (valued at CHF 33,500) and DP kits (food and hygiene items valued at CHF 31,600). Ready made food parcels from the HRC’s emergency stock were immediately distributed by the Szabolcs branch to the flood affected or evacuated population. To facilitate the operation and relief distributions, a 1,300 sqm warehouse was rented by the Szabolcs Red Cross branch, and two trucks were contracted to deliver relief items to the people in need. The HRC has also been distributing the following (donated by individuals and businesses): tens of thousands of bottles of mineral water, hygiene items, mattresses and blankets, food items (canned meat, pasta, instant soup, sugar, rice and vegetable oil), medication, baby food and diapers, clothes, footwear, plastic household items, and plastic mats (these local contributions are not reflected on the attached list of contributions). The HRC branches have also established partnership agreements with the communities affected, thereby enhancing and increasing support.

Romanian Red Cross

The Romanian Red Cross (RRC) played a significant role during the emergency as the primary partner with the government in distributing assistance from their own resources (11 DP stock warehouses in the country and one main warehouse in Bucharest) to some 15,000 beneficiaries located in 11 districts. One water purification unit has been working in the district of Maramures since 5 March. CHF 3,200 was released from the RRC disaster fund and sent to the Maramures branch within 24 hours following the start of the flooding to purchase food and mineral water. A truckload of relief supplies including sugar, vegetable oil, rice, canned meat, clothing, blankets, detergent and soap (valued at some CHF 33,000) was immediately distributed to 1,600 severely affected people in the village of Cosbuc in the Bistrita Nasaud District.

Ukraine Red Cross

In coordination with the Ukrainian Red Cross Society (URCS), the Federation supported the timely delivery of urgently needed food and non-food items to the flood victims. The disaster preparedness stock of the Zakarpattya Red Cross Organisation (created with ECHO-funded support) consisting of 300 mattresses, 300 pillows, 900 blankets, 900 bed linen, 900 towel packs, 300 hygiene parcels, 300 folding beds, 300 medical kits, 10 heaters, 200 water cylinders, 2 petrol electric generators and 10 tents was distributed during the first days of disaster. Within the first two weeks two assessments were carried out; the first one was initiated by the Zakarpattya Red Cross and the second by a joint mission of the Federation and the URCS. The assessments focused on the most urgent needs of flood victims, indicating that the most urgent needs were water purification facilities, hygiene and food supplies, clothes and rubber shoes, medicine and disinfecting materials. Since then the operation has focused on the procurement and distribution of 3,000 disinfecting cartridges for wells and 3,000 hygiene parcels in the Zakarpattya oblast. The Danish Red Cross has supported the operation by providing 25 mt of clothes (bilaterally) for men, women and children. Keflex antibiotics (valued at CHF 36,000) were donated by a local Hungarian corporation through the Hungarian Red Cross to Ukraine.

In addition to the international appeal launched by the Federation, the URCS launched their own local appeal addressing the neighboring countries and the Red Cross branches. Support to this appeal has consisted of the following: 16 tonnes of food, clothing, shoes, and medicine from the Oblast Red Cross organizations; the Swiss Red Cross provided two trucks of food and hygiene supplies and clothes; the Embassy of Ukraine in Slovakia provided clothes, shoes and disinfecting material; and the Slovakian Red Cross provided food, clothes, shoes and disinfecting material.

Outstanding needs

Hungary

An estimated 17,500 people in 20 villages will need further assistance in the coming 1-3 months. As many of the evacuees are returning to their homes, the Hungarian Red Cross branch in Szabolcs has recommended adapting the assistance rendered to meet the changing needs, with a focus on a one-off food parcel distribution in villages where houses could be saved but all the crops and livestock were lost, while in those villages which were entirely inundated food and hygiene parcels, bed linen and blankets will be distributed on two occasions. Furniture and basic house appliances are also needed for those families who have lost everything.

Romania

Once the emergency phase is over the government and local authorities will concentrate their resources towards the repair of infrastructure. The Romanian Red Cross plans to provide assistance to 15,000 people in the 11 districts affected by distributing food parcels of basic items three times in the next three months.

Ukraine

There remains considerable demand for in-kind donations as well as financial support. Food supplies, hygiene and disinfectant materials, water purification, medical items, clothes, and shoes are also needed. The relief operation in Zakarpattya is planned to continue through the summer months. Cold weather conditions, difficult living conditions, and contaminated drinking water have resulted in an increasing number of people in need for medical treatment.

Contributions

See Annex 1 for details. To date the appeal has been 46% covered. Funds are urgently needed to enable the Red Cross societies of Hungary, Romania, and the Ukraine to continue to provide assistance to those affected by the floods in the coming 1-3 months. The appeal budget has been slightly revised to reflect current needs, with the total amount of the revised budget increased to CHF 2,185,764.

Martin Faller
Head a.i.
Europe Department

Peter Rees-Gildea
Head a.i.
Relationship Management Department

This and other reports on Federation operations are available on the Federation’s website: http://www.ifrc.org

ANNEX 1
BUDGET SUMMARY (Revised)
Hungary, Romania and Ukraine Floods
APPEAL No. 13/2001
RELIEF NEEDS
Hungary
Romania
Ukraine
TOTAL
25.000 beneficiaries
15.000 beneficiaries
13.000 beneficiaries
53.000 beneficiaries
Clothing & textiles - Blankets
143,000
163,200
306,200
Food Parcels
357,500
709,200
119,500
1,186,200
(Disinfectants/Chlorin tablets)
11,050
11,050
Medical & first aid (Hygienic kits)
100,000
105,400
205,400
TOTAL RELIEF NEEDS
600,500
709,200
399,150
1,708,850
PROGRAMME SUPPORT
Programme management
51,582
59,869
35,935
147,386
Technical support
15,441
17,922
10,757
44,120
Professional services
17,124
19,875
11,930
48,928
TRANSPORT STORAGE & VEHICLE COSTS
30,025
30,000
40,000
100,025
PERSONNEL
Expatriate staff
3,300
10,000
13,300
National staff
15,000
15,000
5,000
35,000
ADMINISTRATIVE & GENERAL SERVICES
Travel & related expenses
9,000
10,000
5,340
24,340
Information expenses
3,000
1,000
4,000
Administrative & general expenses
20,000
26,000
13,815
59,815
TOTAL OPERATIONAL NEEDS
164,472
178,665
133,777
476,914
TOTAL APPEAL
764,972
887,865
532,927
2,185,764
LESS AVAILABLE RESOURCES (-)
NET REQUEST
764,972
887,865
532,927
2,185,764

Hungary, Romanian and Ukraine Floods
ANNEX 1
APPEAL No. 13/2001 PLEDGES RECEIVED
04/02/01
DONOR
CATEGORY
QUANTITY
UNIT
VALUE CHF
DATE
COMMENT
CASH
TOTAL COVERAGE
REQUESTED IN APPEAL CHF
>
2,185,764
45.6%
CASH CARRIED FORWARD
AUSTRIAN - GOVT
145,340
EUR
223,591
29.03.01
HUNGARY AND UKRAINE
BRITISH - GOVT/DFID
98,040
GBP
236,276
15.03.01
UKRAINE
DANISH - RC
65,000
DKK
13,390
27.03.01
UKRAINE
LIECHTENSTEIN - RC
10,000
22.03.01
HUNGARY
NORWAY - RC
323,625
NOK
60,548
22.03.01
UKRAINE
SPANISH - RC
2,500,000
ESP
23,115
19.03.01
DIRECT TO UKRAINIAN NS
SPANISH - RC
2,500,000
ESP
23,115
21.03.01
DIRECT TO ROMANIAN NS
SPANISH - RC
2,500,000
ESP
23,115
21.03.01
DIRECT TO HUNGARIAN NS
SWEDISH - RC
4,000
SEK
695
09.03.01
PSC USED CLOTHES
SUB/TOTAL RECEIVED IN CASH
613,845
CHF
28.1%
KIND AND SERVICES (INCLUDING PERSONNEL)
DONOR
CATEGORY
QUANTITY
UNIT
VALUE CHF
DATE
COMMENT
DANISH - GOVT
300,000
DKK
103,088
27.03.01
UKRAINE, 27'000 KG USED CLOTHES & TRANSPORTATION
SWEDISH - RC
118,800
SEK
20,636
09.03.01
16'000 KG USED CLOTHES & TRANSPORTATION
SWISS - RC
259,412
29.03.01
UKRAINE, 9'500 BLANKETS, 2'000 SLEEPING-BAGS, 40 TONNES CLOTHES HYGIENE-ARTICLES, FOOD ITEMS
SUB/TOTAL RECEIVED IN KIND/SERVICES
383,136
CHF
17.5%
ADDITIONAL TO APPEAL BUDGET
DONOR
CATEGORY
QUANTITY
UNIT
VALUE CHF
DATE
COMMENT
SUB/TOTAL RECEIVED
CHF
THE FOLLOWING PROJECTS ARE LINKED TO THIS APPEAL: