UNHCR North of Central America Situation Operational Update, 2017 Mid-Year Update
The North of Central America suffers high levels of violence stemming from gangs and other organized criminal groups.
This insecurity is compelling an increasing number of persons - often entire families - to flee their homes, within their countries or to nearby countries.
All countries in the region are affected by these movements and a regional response is therefore of paramount importance.
Refugees and asylum-seekers from the NCA at the beginning of the year. A tenfold increase over the last five years.
Internally displaced persons in 20 municipalities of Honduras between 2004 and 2014 due to violence and crime.
Deportees to the NCA countries from the USA and Mexico between Jan-Jul 2017, of which a significant proportion with protection needs.
USD 29 M
requested for the NCA situation in 2017
Progress at the regional level
Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework
North and Central America have experienced a large and complex movement of people due to violence, insecurity and other related factors. As a result, more refugees and others are in need of international protection across the region. All countries in the region are affected - as countries of origin, transit, asylum and/or return, and in some case as a mixture of these - and have a shared responsibility to respond.
This growing, forced displacement calls for stronger protection and solutions, as well as measures to address the root causes by promoting stability and fostering an environment for longer-term security, economic development and prosperity.
Building on previous regional and global efforts to find protection solutions to forced displacement, the Government of Honduras, the Organization of American States and UNHCR are organizing a regional conference on 26 and 27 October 2017 in San Pedro Sula, Honduras. The meeting will draw participants from governments from across North and Central America, along with other interested countries, civil society, the private sector, regional actors, and development and humanitarian organizations.
The goal is to adopt and implement the Comprehensive Regional Protection and Solutions Framework (CRPSF), a regional application of the Comprehensive Refugee Response Framework (CRRF). The CRPSF seeks to galvanize new commitments and operationalize existing ones to address forced displacement from a regional perspective, incorporating countries of origin, destination and transit and working with a wide range of stakeholders to create a truly comprehensive and sustainable approach. Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico and Panama have so far confirmed participation in the CRPSF.
The CRPSF will include a national operational plan for each participating country, setting out the strategy it will pursue to strengthen protection, promote prevention and bring about solutions to forced displacement. Furthermore, the conference is expected to mobilize commitments from cooperating States, and other relevant regional and international actors, in support of these national plans.