The activities proposed hereafter are still subject to the adoption of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2016/01000
AMOUNT: EUR 8 300 000
The present Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) was prepared on the basis of financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2016/01000 (Worldwide Decision) and the related General Guidelines for Operational Priorities on Humanitarian Aid (Operational Priorities). The purpose of the HIP and its annex is to serve as a communication tool for ECHO's partners and to assist in the preparation of their proposals. The provisions of the Worldwide Decision and the General Conditions of the Agreement with the European Commission shall take precedence over the provisions in this document.
This HIP covers disaster preparedness interventions integrating specific actions to promote resilience in food security and disaster risk reduction (DRR) actions adapted to violent contexts.
This HIP focuses on Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador and Nicaragua, because of their level of exposure and vulnerability to natural hazards combined with their limited resources to face these events. It also includes support to regional thematic initiatives which build on past experience and can bring a robust added value for the region when actions can be expected to be scaled up.
The combination of high exposure to hazards, high levels of poverty, and high levels of violence are eroding the coping capacities of the local population as well as local administrations, consequently leading to recurrent emergency situations. As climate change and booming urbanization leave more and more people exposed to hazards, making communities and national systems more resilient and reducing their dependence on humanitarian assistance is a priority.
Furthermore, in the Northern Triangle of Central America (NTCA) and Mexico, rapid expansion of non-political organized armed groups has increased the level and intensity of violence. Collective violence in these countries increasingly leads to forced displacement, confinement, migration and limited access to basic services (in particular health care), and shrinking humanitarian access in areas under the control of non-political organized armed groups, consequently increasing the risk factors and the number of people living in disaster prone areas.
The Human Development ranking for the countries of the region clearly masks very significant regional and socio-economic disparities in countries that are among the most unequal in the world in terms of income and access to basic services.
Successive shocks over the last years (droughts and coffee rust) have seriously deteriorated the food security of day labourers and small-scale producers and their families living at subsistence level. The 2014 drought further aggravated the food security situation of 2.5 million people in the region. In 2015 delays in the start of the rainy season and below normal rainfalls are already affecting small producers' and subsistence farmers’ crops: losses are reported in El Salvador,
Guatemala and Honduras. WFP estimates that at least 1.6 million people are food insecure in Central America with an estimated 300 000 severely food insecure. The situation is expected to worsen with the high probability of the presence of El Niño conditions extending until the first quarter of 2016. ECHO's Integrated Analysis Framework for 2015-16 identified high humanitarian needs in El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. It recommended consolidation of DRR processes, drought preparedness and addressing context-specific issues linked to insecurity due to collective violence, as the vulnerability of the affected population is assessed to be high/very high.