Honduras: Dengue Outbreak - DREF Operation MDRHN013

Total number of people affected: On 14 June, the government declared a state of emergency in 12 of 18 departments due to the dengue outbreak in the country. A total of 11,436 cases of dengue had been reported as of Epidemiological Week 23 (2-8 June), of which 7,395 (64.7 per cent) were cases of dengue with no warning signs and 4,041 (35.3 per cent) were classified as severe dengue.

Number of people to be assisted: 42,510 people

A. Situation analysis

Description of the disaster

Honduras is experiencing an outbreak of dengue fever.The number of cases began to climb as of April 2019, and by Epidemiological Week 23 (2-8 June) a total of 11,436 cases had been reported, of which 7,395 (64.7 per cent) were cases of dengue with no warning signs and 4,041 (35.3 per cent) were severe cases. So far 63 people are reported dead, of which 33 are laboratory-confirmed (1.55 per cent mortality) (see figure attached). During this same period, 12 departments (66.6 per cent of the entire country) reported high incidence of dengue. In view of this scenario, on 14 June the Government of Honduras declared a Health Emergency in these departments.

The most affected departments are Cortés (4,200 cases), Yoro (1,083 cases), Olancho (855 cases) and Santa Bárbara (643 cases). If we add the 1,042 cases reported in the San Pedro Sula Metropolitan Region, we see that 75 per cent of all cases reported to date are in north-western Honduras (8,647 / 11,436 cases)

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), Honduras presents 77.5 per cent of dengue cases reported in America.

The epidemic is expected to intensify over the next few weeks unless the emergency actions that are to be taken begin to make an impact. All sectors in the country involved in responding to the epidemic have joined forces to respond to the government's declaration of emergency. It is necessary to conduct intensive vector control sessions; provide training at the community level on recognizing cases of dengue with no warning signs; strengthen the system to refer patients to health services; and conduct a strong education and communications campaign to raise the population's awareness regarding keeping homes free of vector breeding sites.