Honduras

Focus on Honduras 2003

Format
Situation Report
Source
Posted
Originally published

Attachments

1. Introduction
Honduras, a country stricken by recurrent natural disasters such as hurricanes, droughts, floods and landslides, has seen a dramatic improvement in the Honduran Red Cross (HRC) capacity since hurricane Mitch hit the country in 1998. The National Society now has a well-disseminated national

development plan with clear strategic objectives guiding its work at all levels, revised Statutes, a national disaster plan, a new organization chart and a fundraising department. The HRC has an international presence through its President who sits on the Federation's governing board; the National Society also benefits from a new category of "programme" or "community" volunteers. A network of 49 branches covers the country and committed Red Cross as well as non-Red Cross partners coordinate their work through a participatory country agreement strategy (CAS) process.

Nevertheless, the challenges that the National Society faces are tremendous. Latin America's third poorest country suffers from an economic recession; youth violence is on the rise (some 30,000 youth are said to be registered members of youth gangs, called "maras", and some 60,000 more are thought to be supporters); 60 % of all HIV + cases in Central America are in Honduras, and there is major inequality of access to resources.

2. National Context

Indicator
Honduras
Country ranking HDI
116
Total population (millions)
6.4
% of the population living below $ 1/day
24.3
% of the population living below national poverty line
53
GDP per capita (US $)
$2,453
Infant mortality per 1,000 live births
32
Under 5 mortality per 1,000 live births
40
Maternal mortality rate per 100,000 live births
110
% of births attended by skilled health staff (1995 - 2000)
54
% of total population undernourished (1997/99)
21
% of population using improved water sources
90
% of population using adequate sanitation facilities
77
% of people living with HIV/ AIDS
1.6
Annual population growth rate %
3
% of population under 15 yrs of age
41.8
% of population aged 65 and above
3.4
Net primary school enrollment ratio %
-
Adult literacy rate % (2000)
74.6

Source: Human Development Report 2002 - UNDP

Over the last decade, Honduras has made important political and economic progress, forming the basis for continued growth, improved participation of civil society and more equality. Women have better access to education and the labour market. The national education system has made inroads in reducing illiteracy and increasing the educational coverage across the country at all levels. However, two interlinked factors impede further major advances: poverty and deterioration of the environment.

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