UNICEF Haiti: WASH Sector Situation Report #1
Current Top Priorities
Ensuring adequate sanitation immediately in shelters to control the risk of diarrhoea disease epidemic and respect dignity.
While access to safe water is secured for most accessible areas, increasing access in isolated areas is a priority combined with food and NFI assistance.
Increasing the rate of quick rehabilitation of water systems and identifying small-scale work of spring catchment/wells clearing and cleaning in rural and remote localities.
Prioritizing chlorination of collective water points rather than large scale Aquatab distribution which are preferred in diarrhoea diseases affected areas and remote communities with dispersed water points.
At least 30 partners in 40 communes are supporting DINEPA in the WASH response (see map below)
Thirteen Cholera WASH Rapid Response Teams (RRT) active in South and Grand Anse. RRT contribute to the post disaster WASH response but within restricted capacities as they concentrate on scaling-up the cholera response.
Poor sanitation coverage prior to the hurricane (32 to 50% open defecation, DHS 2012) has further degraded considering floods, high tides and substantial damages on houses.
Few household water supply network connections prior to Hurricane (1,2% in Grande Anse, 7,3% in Nippes and 10% of the population in South, DHS 2012) received piped water; household water treatment is a key intervention.
Schools are being used as shelters and many have been designated as electoral voting stations. There is a risk that affected people may be evicted.
Several needs assessments (sectoral and multi-sectoral) are ongoing but no consolidated assessment analysis available so far.
Operational response capacity of several actors requires acceleration (HR recruitment, setup of new offices, …)
Isolated rural affected areas in South and Grande Anse are experiencing delays with deliveries of aid; the presence and focus remain along the costal main road and urban areas. Some remote areas remain without road access; official mapping not shared but Sector is continuing to gather information and advocate with Logistics Cluster to find tangible solutions for the hard-to-reach.
Laboratory tests for cholera cases confirmation done at the National Laboratory in Port au Prince confirmed that acute diarrhea is spreading in several locations of the affected departments (CDC already confirmed that out of 32 samples collected in Grande Anse and South, 25 were not cholera). Hygiene interventions remain critical to stop the transmission
Activities to re-establish safe water and sanitation in shelters/schools, residential centers/orphanages and medical facilities (including cholera centers) are being prioritized