Response to January 12th 2010 Earthquake - Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) Haiti Round 24 – As of 31st December 2015
On January 12th 2010, an earthquake of 7.0 magnitude hit Haiti. Considered the most devastating earthquake to hit an urban setting at the time, it resulted in the destruction of more than 300,000 buildings and the displacement of 1.5 million people. Following this destructive earthquake, the international community along with Haitian counterparts rallied to assist the needs of the affected population. As the lead Camp Coordination/Camp Management agency, the International Organization for Migrations (IOM) took the inititave to develop a unified displacement data management process, called the Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) which is a comprehensive, multi-sectoral tracking system.
Thus, the DTM was applied as a monitoring tool to track the IDP population on basic conditions in IDP sites, and camp-like settlements in support of the Emergency Shelter and Camp Coordination and Camp Management (E-Shelter/CCCM) Cluster and other humanitarian and recovery actors in Haiti. IOM implements the DTM, in partnership with the Government of Haiti (GoH) through the Directorate of Civil Protection (DPC in French). The DTM is in its twenty third round of implementation in Haiti. This report presents the results from the field assessments conducted between 1st July and 31st December 2015.
14,679 IDP Households or 59,720 IDP Individuals still living in IDP sites
37 Displacement Sites still open
51% Tent and makeshift shelter sites
3% Mixed sites (T-shelters, tent and makeshift shelter)
46% T-Shelter sites
10 IDP sites closed between 1 July and 31 December 2015.
8 sites closed thanks to rental subsidy programs.
1 site closed through community integration and 1 site through spontaneous return.
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