Haiti + 1 more

Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (S/2016/225)

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I. Introduction

1 . By its resolution 2243 (2015), the Security Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) until 15 October 2016 and requested that I report on its implementation semi-annually and not later than 45 days before its expiration. The present report covers major developments since the issuance of my report of 31 August 2015 (S/2015/667) up to 1 March 2016 and outlines activities undertaken by the Mission in line with its mandate under the relevant Council resolutions, most recently 2243 (2015). An update on the consolidation plan of the Mission is provided in annex I to the present report.

II. Political developments

2 . The reporting period was dominated by the political uncertainty generated by the holding of general elections for the Presidency, 20 Senate and 119 Lower House seats, 140 municipal administrations and 570 municipal district councils and assemblies. Following the first round of legislative elections on 9 August, the first round of presidential, second round of legislative and single round of municipal elections were conducted on 25 October. However, the third round vote scheduled for 27 December was postponed repeatedly and is still pending.

3 . In preparation for the election of 25 October, the Provisional Electoral Council implemented a series of corrective measures aimed at addressing lessons learned from the vote on 9 August. In addition to technical measures, the Provisional Electoral Council decided to disqualify candidates alleged to have been involved in violence and disruption, and organized reruns in all constituencies where less than 70 per cent of tally sheets had been recovered. On 28 September, the Provisional Electoral Council announced the postponement of local elections from the second round of 25 October to the last electoral round.

4 . On 25 October, the elections were held in a generally calm environment, with a reported 26.6 per cent voter turnout and minor incidents. A total of 52 presidential, 196 legislative and over 7,000 municipal candidates ran in the elections. In addition to the deployment of 43,297 accredited national observers, 917,068 accreditation cards were issued to party poll watchers to observe activities in the country’s 13,725 polling stations. Fourteen of 20 senators and 92 of the 119 Lower House members were sworn in. The international observation missions, including the European Union and the Organization of American States, noted significant technical improvements compared with the first round. Nevertheless, allegations of widespread fraud began to emerge shortly after the vote. Subsequent allegations against electoral officials led to requests by opposition candidates and national observer groups for a verification of the vote.