Report of the Secretary-General on the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (S/2010/200)

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I. Introduction

1. By its resolution 1892 (2009), the Security Council extended the mandate of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) until 10 October 2010, and requested me to report on its implementation semi-annually and not later than 45 days prior to its expiration. The present report covers major developments since my report of 1 September 2009 (S/2009/439) until 15 April 2010, with a focus on the period since the devastating earthquake of 12 January 2010. The report describes activities undertaken by the Mission in line with its mandate under Security Council resolutions 1542 (2004), 1608 (2005), 1702 (2006), 1743 (2007), 1780 (2007), 1840 (2008), 1892 (2009) and 1908 (2010), and provides recommendations on the future role of the Mission in Haiti.

II. Impact of the 12 January earthquake

2. On 12 January 2010, Haiti was hit by a 7.0 magnitude earthquake, particularly affecting the capital, Port-au-Prince; Petit Goâve, Grand Goâve and Léogâne (West Department); the town of Jacmel (South-East Department); and the town of Miragoâne (Nippes Department). According to the Government of Haiti, as a result of the quake, 222,570 people were killed, many thousands were injured or permanently disabled, and 1.5 million were left homeless. On 16 March, the United Nations and partners launched a displacement tracking matrix that identified 460 settlement sites with a total population of 1.17 million internally displaced persons in the Port-au-Prince area alone. Hundreds of thousands more fled the capital for the rural areas and provincial capitals, in particular Gonaïves, Saint-Marc, Cap Haïtien, Hinche and Les Cayes, placing great stress on local host families and communities.

3. The capacity of the Haitian State was seriously affected. Two senators were killed, and many senior political leaders were injured. The elections originally scheduled for February 2010 were postponed, creating a climate of political uncertainty. According to the Government of Haiti, up to one third of the country's 60,000 civil servants perished. Many government buildings were destroyed or badly damaged, notably the National Palace, the Supreme Court, the Palais de Justice, the Parliament, the major courts and police facilities, and all but one Ministry. The Haitian National Police was hard hit, with 77 officers killed and hundreds injured or unaccounted for. Half of the total 8,535 prisoners in Haiti escaped in the aftermath of the quake, including several hundred who were being held on charges related to gang activities.

4. The United Nations itself was also a victim. The Hotel Christopher, the headquarters of MINUSTAH collapsed, and nearby United Nations offices and other facilities were severely affected. A total of 101 United Nations staff lost their lives, including my Special Representative, Hédi Annabi, my Deputy Special Representative, Luiz Carlos da Costa, the Acting Police Commissioner, Douglas Coates, the Director of Political Affairs, Gerard Le Chevallier, the Head of the Elections Unit, Marc Plum, and military, police and civilian staff. Many more were injured, and others have been unable to return to work. Those who survived and remained in the Mission have witnessed scenes of unimaginable devastation and suffering. They are there to serve and, like the Haitian population, they are still grieving for lost friends and colleagues.