It is eighteen months since the earthquake of 12 January 2010 devastated much of Haiti’s capital, Port-au-Prince, and nearby localities. An immediate and extensive response was launched by Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies, the United Nations and hundreds of national and international non governmental organizations. The Red Cross and Red Crescent response was developed in support of the strategic plans of both the Haitian Red Cross (HRC) and the Government of Haiti, serving the immediate humanitarian needs and longer term recovery inputs for the affected population.
The collective recovery operation is progressing and results include provision of 100,920 shelter solutions at 31 July 2011, of which 15,268 have come from International Federation and its partners.
The number of internally displaced persons’ (IDP) sites has reduced from approximately 1,500 in July 2010 to around 1,000 in May 2011. Challenges and constraints include an uncertain political environment, logistical complexities of working in the densely populated city of Port-au-Prince, a population of some 600,000 people still living in camps in and around Port-au-Prince, continuing disaster events including the annual hurricane season, and the unexpected cholera epidemic of October 2010 that is expected to remain in Haiti for years to come.
This revised Plan of Action follows a series of actions that commenced with the release of the Revised Preliminary Appeal for the Haiti earthquake of January 2010 for 105 million Swiss francs, and an operations update including a revised budget for 218 million Swiss francs issued in early February 2010. A Red Cross Red Crescent Plan of Action was developed based on assessments undertaken by the Red Cross and Red Crescent and other actors, the strategic plan of the Haitian Red Cross and the Government of Haiti’s Action Plan for National Recovery and Development of Haiti. The IFRC secretariat’s own Plan of Action was released in September 2010 reflecting the structure of the Federation-wide Plan of Action and operationalizing the secretariat’s commitments. Results against the secretariat’s Plan of Action for the period 12 January 2010 to 30 June 2011 are available in the Haiti Earthquake Consolidated Report of early November 2011.