On October 4, 2016, Hurricane Matthew swept through Haiti, killing more than 800 people and leaving thousands displaced and living in temporary shelters. The category 4-strength storm, with winds gusting to 230 km/h, heavy rain and flooding, caused massive damage to infrastructure, homes and crops in many communities, increasing the risk of waterborne diseases. The country was still vulnerable to disasters, not having fully recovered from the 2010 earthquake and subsequent cholera epidemic.
Outline of Needs
More than 2.1 million people (600,000 of them children) have been affected by this hurricane, with 1.4 million in need of immediate humanitarian assistance. While many displaced people found shelter in surviving houses, the majority of the most vulnerable residents have been forced to sleep in the open or in temporary emergency shelters, which can expose people – particularly women and girls - to higher levels of gender-based violence.