Haiti + 3 more

Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) Caribbean (ECHO/-CR/BUD/2016/91000) Last update: 03/10/15, Version 1

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The activities proposed hereafter are still subject to the adoption of the financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2016/01000

AMOUNT: EUR 11 500 000

The present Humanitarian Implementation Plan (HIP) was prepared on the basis of financing decision ECHO/WWD/BUD/2016/01000 (Worldwide Decision) and the related General Guidelines for Operational Priorities on Humanitarian Aid (Operational Priorities). The purpose of the HIP and its annex is to serve as a communication tool for ECHO's partners and to assist in the preparation of their proposals. The provisions of the Worldwide Decision and the General Conditions of the Agreement with the European Commission shall take precedence over the provisions in this document.

1. CONTEXT

This HIP covers response to humanitarian needs (mainly Haiti) as well as disaster risk reduction (DRR) and resilience (focusing on Haiti, the Dominican Republic and Cuba) in the Caribbean.

The region is highly disaster prone in terms of recurrence of hazards, their severity and scope leading to significant potential for major disasters such as the earthquake in Haiti in 2010. Changes in weather patterns are consistently reported in the region and impact of droughts accumulate over years. Exposure to epidemics is high, with one of the world's worst cholera epidemics in Haiti, affecting several countries in the region as well as regular outbreaks of dengue fever.

Haiti

ECHO's Integrated Analysis Framework for 2015-16 identifies high humanitarian needs and high vulnerability. Lack of infrastructure and public services1, low social protection, high unemployment, environmental degradation, weak institutions, political instability, widespread corruption, food insecurity and under-nutrition make the population highly vulnerable to shocks and risks.

Almost six years after the devastating earthquake in Haiti, less than 4% of the initial 1.5 million displaced people remain in IDP sites. However, those who remain displaced are the most vulnerable. Food insecurity continues, with an estimated 3 to 3.8 million people affected, of which a million directly affected by the current drought.

For the second half of 2015, the convergence of several potentially destabilizing factors requires close monitoring of the humanitarian situation as it could potentially quickly deteriorate. The drought affecting a tenth of the Haitian population, the migration issue and tensions with Dominican Republic, the cyclonic season, the cholera epidemic, are all risk factors with high disrupting potential if they occur concomitantly.

In July 2015, the number of suspected cholera cases is back to low levels but efforts to control and contain the epidemic need to be sustained.