A vulnerability analysis was carried out based on information provided by the MSPP, PAHO/WHO, and health partners, while taking into account combined risk factors from Health and WASH sectors. In addition, aspects such as population density, camps, access to water and sanitation, attack rate, mortality, and socioeconomic status were taken into account to evaluate the risks. Based on this analysis, it is reasonable to expect the first outbreaks in the Departments of West (including Port-au-Prince), South and South East, whereas Jeremie, Cap Haitien, and Port de Paix have been identified as highly vulnerable localities as well. Financial gaps for response to potential outbreaks are observed with MSPP and certain NGOs whose cholera funds are expiring.
Several donors (ECHO, USAID) have indicated that new funds to respond to potential cholera outbreaks are available.
The number of new cholera cases nationwide continues to decrease. The number of new cases in Northeast, Center, Port-au-Prince, North, Northwest, Artibonite, West, Nippes and Grande Anse departments are stable or decreasing. However, cases in South and South-East are increasing, potentially confirming the abovementioned vulnerability analysis.