Haiti

Haiti Situation Report: Fuel and Looting, 21 December 2021

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Looting and kidnapping will continue to increase as gang control spreads throughout Haiti and prices increase, though a strong acceptance strategy will LIKELY mitigate against severe violence towards aid organisations.

Summary

• At least 60 people were killed and a significant number injured on 14 December when a gasoline tanker that had crashed and overturned in Cap-Haïtien city exploded.

• Another fuel tanker explosion that killed one person and injured several was reported in a warehouse in Trou-du-Nord on 10 December. The warehouse had been allegedly stocked with black market fuel that was used to supply the town.

• Fuel has been in short supply for at least the last six months, with gangs – who now control large areas of Haiti - taking advantage of another source of income by controlling access to fuel.

• With Haiti’s economy facing significant fiscal stress, contracting by 3.8% in 2020, Finance Minister Michel Patrick Boisvert announced an “adjustment” in fuel prices on 07 December.

• Fuel shortage also affects aid organisations, leading to problems with deliveries of aid.

• The gangs and black-market traders’ control of fuel supplies will HIGHLY LIKELY extend throughout the country to more rural locations.

• Kidnapping of oil tanker drivers WILL continue, as WILL the kidnapping of aid workers – with both national and international staff at significant threat of abduction, despite the reported 16 December release of the remaining members of the Christian Aid Ministries group abducted in October.

• Looting will HIGHLY LIKELY increase, with aid supplies held by INGOs at particular risk as prices for all commodities rise.

• A strong acceptance strategy remains key to working in Haiti given the rise in looting, and kidnapping for ransom by gangs.