Haiti: Post-Matthew Emergency food Security Assessment (EFSA) - Phase 1 (most affected areas)



 This paper presents the impact on food security and livelihoods in the most affected areas two months after Hurricane Matthew.

  • Over 60% of households were directly affected by Matthew, mainly in terms of damage to housing, stocks and cultivated plots;6% of households interviewed are still displaced or host displaced persons.

  • Around 38% of the population in the most affected areas are food insecure (around 1.5 million people), including 5% severely food insecure (around 280,000 people). The NordOuest,
    Grand’ Anse rural area, the mountain livelihood zone in Nippes, La Gonave and the costal dry area in Artibonite, present more than 50% of food insecurity.
    Areas where humanitarian response was quickly deployed like Les Cayes, Jeremie or South rural areas and some of rural areas in Grand Anse present a better situation.

  • More than one in two households have unacceptable food consumption (53%); A significant increase in population with acceptable food consumption was recorded in the departments of Grand’Anse, Sud and Nippes following significant deployment of food assistance since October.

  • Almost two thirds of households adopted coping mechanisms having a negative impact on livelihoods: 21% ‘crisis’ coping strategies (sale of productive assets or seeds stocks consumption); 17% ‘emergency’ coping strategies (sale of house, land or last female animals).

  • The average monthly food expenditure per household is 4,300 Gourdes (approximately 66 USD) - representing 48% of their global monthly expenditures - slightly lower than average cost of food basket (5,537 Gourdes).

  • The population of Nord-Ouest dedicate less than 3,000 Gourdes to food.

  • The proportion of households in the poor and very poor quartiles wealth index increased by 8% - with peaks in Grand Anse and South departments - in December as opposed to pre-Matthew period.

  • After Matthew, a significant reduction in income generating activities such as trade, livestock and crop production was observed. As a result, households rely on less sustainable and profitable sources such as gifts, donations or production of charcoal (each one increased by 6%). One in four households lost one to two sources of income.

  • Over two thirds of agricultural households lost at least 75% of food stocks from the Spring/Summer 2016 season; on average each farmer lost 0.33 Ha of cultivated land for the winter season. Livestock owners have lost or sold two thirds of their animals.